Today (14th November) In History: Important Events, Notable Birthdays And Interesting Facts
14th November is an important day in history. It may appear to be just another normal day in the autumn month of November, but it holds a significant place in the hearts of many people around the world. Numerous history-making events took place on 14th November, some of which we’ll be covering in this article.
Important Historical Events
- In 1305, Clement V was crowned head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States. Clement V is known for subduing the order of the Knights Templar and beginning the period of the Avignon Papacy.
- In 1524, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro began his first expedition to the New World. His maiden voyage explored parts of South America, including Panama and Colombia, but he returned to Spain empty-handed.
- In 1666, English diarist and naval administrator Samuel Pepys resented the first report on blood transfusion between dogs.
- In 1940, Germany’s Nazi army delivered the most devastating blow to the British city of Coventry. The German air force conducted air raids on the city, killing hundreds of people and demolishing the infrastructure. The event is now known as the Coventry Blitz.
- In 1851, the first American version of Herman Melville’s sprawling epic Moby-Dick was published. The book follows a Whaling ship captain’s vengeful journey to capture the giant whale Moby Dick, which bit off his leg on a previous voyage.
- In 1856, Gail Borden successfully patented his process of concentrating milk. It was a groundbreaking invention, and Borden went on to open many refineries in the USA.
- In 1883, Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island was published. The book follows the adventures of Jim Hawkins as he searches for the buried treasure of an evil pirate Captain Flint.
- In 1889, American journalist and industrialist Elizabeth Cochran Seaman, aka Nellie Bly undertook a trip around the world, mirroring Jules Verne’s famous book Around the World in 80 Days. Bly completed the trip in 72 days.
- In 1908, Albert Einstein first presented his revolutionary theory of relativity and quantum theory of light. The theory said that light operated at a constant speed despite space and time and that it was composed of tiny particles which gave it a wavelike function.
- In 1936, over 21,000 spectators watch Don Bradman score 192 for South Australia at the MCG.
- In 1966, Legendary boxer, Muhammad Ali, extends his win streak and defends his title by TKOing Cleveland Williams in Houston, Texas.
Art and Culture
- In 1991, the music video for Michael Jackson's iconic single "Black or White" premiered on MTV, BET, VH1, and Fox.
- In 2002, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, the second film based on J.K. Rowling’s famous fantasy series premiered.
- In 2006, Casino Royale premiered in London and gave viewers the first glimpse of Daniel Craig as the new James Bond
- In 565, Eastern Roman emperor Justinian I died in Constantinople at the age of 83. Justinian I is known for his renovatio imperii or restoration of the Empire undertaking.
- In 1716 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician died. Leibniz was the first to demonstrate integral calculus to find the area under the graph of y = f(x).
- 1916, British author Saki aka Hector Hugh Munro, was killed by a German sniper in the Battle of the Ancre. Saki is known for his witty short stories that often satirize British culture.
- In 1915 Booker T. Washington, American educator, author, orator and advisor to several presidents of the United States, passed away from kidney failure. He was an African-American and was one of the last American leaders born into slavery. Booker T. Washington campaigned for black progress and racial harmony.
|1||1889||Jawaharlal Nehru, Renowned Freedom Fighter and the first Prime Minister of India|
|2||1948||Charles III, Prince of Wales and the currently the King of the United Kingdom|
|3||1972||Josh Duhamel, Hollywood actor known for his role as Danny McCoy on NBC's TV show Las Vegas|
|4||1840||Claude Monet, French painter and the founder of the impressionist style of painting|
|5||1954||Condoleezza Rice, the first female black Secretary of State of the United States of America|