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Top 10 Worst Earthquakes in India

Sep 11, 2018 12:32 IST
    Top 10 Worst Earthquakes in India

    An Earthquake is basically the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy. This energy radiates in all directions from the source, focus, in the form of waves. The intensity of an earthquake and the destruction it causes are greater over softer soil regions, for example on alluvial soils, than on more rocky areas. The magnitude or intensity of energy released by an earthquake is measured by the Richter scale. It ranges from between 0 and 9. India is divided into five earthquake Zones (Seismic Zones) based on the intensities of earthquakes recorded on the Modified Mercalli Scale.

    Top 10 Worst Earthquakes in India

    1. Indian Ocean

    Deaths: > 283,106

    Date, Time and Year: 08:50, December 26, 2004

    Magnitude: 9.1–9.3

    Epicentre: West coast of Sumatra, Indonesia

    2. Kashmir

    Deaths: 130,000

    Date, Time and Year: 08:50:38, October 8, 2005

    Magnitude: 7.6

    Epicentre: Muzaffarabad, Pakistan-administered Kashmir    

    3. Bihar and Nepal

    Deaths: > 30,000

    Date, Time and Year: 14:13, January 15, 1934

    Magnitude: 8.7

    Epicentre: South of Mount Everest

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    4. Gujarat

    Deaths: 20,000

    Date, Time and Year: 08:50:00, January 26, 2001

    Magnitude: 7.7

    Epicentre: Kutch, Gujarat

    5. Kangra

    Deaths: > 20,000

    Date, Time and Year: 06:10, April 4, 1905

    Magnitude: 7.8

    Epicentre: Himalayas

    6. Latur

    Deaths: > 9,748

    Date, Time and Year: 22:25, September 30, 1993

    Magnitude: 6.4

    Epicentre: Killari, Latur

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    7. Assam

    Deaths: 1,526

    Date, Time and Year: 19:39, August 15, 1950

    Magnitude: 8.6

    Epicentre: Rima, Tibet

    8. Assam

    Deaths: 1500

    Date, Time and Year: 17:11, June 12, 1897

    Magnitude: 8.1

    Epicentre: Exact location not known

    9. Uttarkashi

    Deaths: >1,000

    Date, Time and Year: Unknown time, October 20, 1991

    Magnitude: 6.8

    Epicentre: Garhwal, Uttarakhand

    10. Koynanagar

    Deaths: 180

    Date, Time and Year: 04:21, December

    Magnitude: 6.5

    Epicentre: Koyna

    The Indian subcontinent has a history of earthquakes. The reason for the intensity and high frequency of earthquakes is that the Indian plate driving into Asia at a rate of approximately 49 mm/year.

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