Mr. Bankimchandra wrote the song ‘Vande Mataram’ on 7th November, 1875. This song had been published in the novel ‘Anandmath’ by Bankimchandra. The vocabulary used in this song is influenced by Sanskrit. ‘Anandmath’ conveys the information about the violent revolt of Sanyasis against injustice inflicted by Muslims and the British in Bengal in the 1772. It was adopted as national song on January 24, 1950, providing it equal status with national anthem. For the first time it was sung at the congress session of Calcutta in 1896.
Facts at a Glance:
- Vande Matram is the national song of India, which was composed by the Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, originally in Sanskrit & Bengali.
- He wrote Vande Mataram at Chinsurah, near river Hooghly (near Mallik Ghat).
- It is assumed that the concept of Vande Mataram clicked to Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay when he was serving as a government official (a District Collector), around 1876.
- Jadunath Bhattacharya was asked to set a tune for this poem just after it was written
- It was adopted on January 24, 1950 by providing it equal status with national anthem Jana Gana Mana.
- It is taken from the novel Anand Math published in 1882.
- It was sung for the first time at the congress session at Calcutta in 1896.
- It is formed for the proclamation of Mother Land. It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement.
- The original Vande Mataram comprises of 6 stanzas
- It was translated in prose by Shri Aurobindo in Karmayogin on 20 November 1909.