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CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2018 – 2019

Apr 18, 2018 08:47 IST
    CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Geography
    CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Geography

    CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Geography is available here. This syllabus is recently released by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and is applicable for the academic session 2018 – 2019.

    Class 11 students having Geography as one of their subjects should learn important details from this syllabus. In the syllabus, students will get complete details about the

    • Course structure

    • Map work and diagram

    • Practical work

    The important portion of CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus is given below:

    One Theory Paper | 70 Marks | 3Hours

    Part A

    Fundamentals of Physical Geography

    35 Marks

    Unit-1: Geography as a discipline


    Unit-2: The Earth

    Unit-3: Landforms

    Unit-4: Climate

    Unit-5: Water (Oceans)

    Unit-6: Life on the Earth

    Map and diagram


    Part B

    India-Physical Environment

    35 Marks

    Unit-7: Introduction


    Unit-8: Physiography

    Unit-9: Climate, vegetation and soil

    Unit-10: Natural hazards and disasters

    Map and Diagram


    Part C

    Practical Work

    30 Marks

    Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps

    10 Marks

    Unit-2: Topographic and Weather Maps

    15 Marks

    Practical Record Book and Viva

    5 Marks

    Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

    Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline

    Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.

    Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.

    Scope and Career Options

    Unit-2: The Earth

    Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.

    Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics.

    Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects.

    Unit-3: Landforms

    Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics

    Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation.

    Landforms and their evolution- Brief erosional and depositional features

    Unit 4: Climate

    Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.

    Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.

    Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extra tropical cyclones.

    Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.

    Climate and Global Concerns.

    Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

    Basics of Oceanography

    Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity.

    Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.

    Ocean resources and pollution.

    Unit 6: Life on the Earth

    Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

    Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the world.

    Part – B: India - Physical Environment

    Unit-7: Introduction

    Location, space relations, India's place in the world.

    Unit-8: Physiography

    Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.

    Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.

    Unit-9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil

    Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts.

    Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves.

    Soils - major types (ICAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

    Unit-10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management

    Floods, Cloudbursts

    Droughts: types and impact

    Earthquakes and Tsunami

    Cyclones: features and impact


    Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline/Political/Physical map of India.

    Part – C: Practical Work

    Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps

    Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.

    Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.

    Map projection- Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator's projection. (only two projections)

    Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps

    Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.

    Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features.

    Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital).

    Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.

    Practical Record Book and Viva Voce

    Viva to be based on Practical Unit I and II only.

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