CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2018 – 2019

Get CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2018 – 2019. This syllabus contains complete details about the course structure of this subject. Students of Class 11 having Geography as one of their subjects must follow this syllabus to score well in exams.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Geography
CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Geography

CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Geography is available here. This syllabus is recently released by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and is applicable for the academic session 2018 – 2019.

Class 11 students having Geography as one of their subjects should learn important details from this syllabus. In the syllabus, students will get complete details about the

• Course structure

• Map work and diagram

• Practical work

The important portion of CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus is given below:

One Theory Paper | 70 Marks | 3Hours

Part A

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

35 Marks

Unit-1: Geography as a discipline


Unit-2: The Earth

Unit-3: Landforms

Unit-4: Climate

Unit-5: Water (Oceans)

Unit-6: Life on the Earth

Map and diagram


Part B

India-Physical Environment

35 Marks

Unit-7: Introduction


Unit-8: Physiography

Unit-9: Climate, vegetation and soil

Unit-10: Natural hazards and disasters

Map and Diagram


Part C

Practical Work

30 Marks

Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps

10 Marks

Unit-2: Topographic and Weather Maps

15 Marks

Practical Record Book and Viva

5 Marks

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline

Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.

Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.

Scope and Career Options

Unit-2: The Earth

Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.

Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics.

Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects.

Unit-3: Landforms

Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics

Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation.

Landforms and their evolution- Brief erosional and depositional features

Unit 4: Climate

Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.

Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.

Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extra tropical cyclones.

Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.

Climate and Global Concerns.

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

Basics of Oceanography

Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity.

Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.

Ocean resources and pollution.

Unit 6: Life on the Earth

Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the world.

Part – B: India - Physical Environment

Unit-7: Introduction

Location, space relations, India's place in the world.

Unit-8: Physiography

Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.

Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.

Unit-9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil

Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts.

Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves.

Soils - major types (ICAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

Unit-10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management

Floods, Cloudbursts

Droughts: types and impact

Earthquakes and Tsunami

Cyclones: features and impact


Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline/Political/Physical map of India.

Part – C: Practical Work

Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps

Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.

Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.

Map projection- Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator's projection. (only two projections)

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps

Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.

Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features.

Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital).

Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.

Practical Record Book and Viva Voce

Viva to be based on Practical Unit I and II only.

Download CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2018 - 2019 in PDF format

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