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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 28 June 2017

Jun 28, 2017 15:50 IST

    Current Affairs Quiz 28 June 2017Current affairs are as important in IAS prelims as any other academic subject and it should read as a separate section while preparing for the IAS exam. In this process, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be given priority.

    Here, we have provided some important sample questions on the latest economic and social happenings that affect the structure of the nation.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 27 June 2017

    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. India is drafting a dedicated Antarctica policy and a law which is to be soon tabled in the parliament. Consider the following statements regarding the new Antarctic law:

    1) Ministry of Science and Technology is officially tasked with the drafting of the Antarctic law.

    2) India is among the countries that have acceded to the Antarctica Treaty.

    3) The Antarctica Treaty promotes scientific research and holds all territorial claims in abeyance.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    India is drafting a dedicated Antarctica policy and a law that will likely be tabled in the winter session of Parliament. Ministry of Earth Sciences is tasked with drafting the law. India, is among the countries that have acceded to the Antarctica Treaty, is expected to have a clear policy on the consequences of its activities in the region.

    The treaty is framed to ensure in the interests of all mankind that Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord. To this end, it prohibits the military activity, except in support of science; prohibits nuclear explosions and the disposal of nuclear waste; promotes scientific research and the exchange of data; and holds all territorial claims in abeyance.

    Several related conventions, such as the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (1972) and the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (1980), are appended to this treaty for protection. However, these laws also mean that conventional concepts such as territories and jurisdictions do not hold good here.

    India is expanding its infrastructure development in Antarctica. The government is rebuilding its station, Maitri. Dakshin Gangotri, the first Indian base established in 1984, has weakened and become just a supply base.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 23 June 2017

    2. Which of the following Indian states has been declared as ODF (Open Defecation Free) states in the country under the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G)?

    1) Sikkim
    2) Punjab
    3) Uttarakhand
    4) Haryana

    Choose the correct code:

    a. 1, 2 and 3
    b. 2, 3 and 4
    c. 1, 3 and 4
    d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Recently, under the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G), rural Uttarakhand and rural Haryana have declared themselves as the 4th and 5th Open Defecation Free (ODF) states of India. They have joined the league of Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala, which were the first three states to be declared ODF.

    Nationally, the sanitation coverage has increased from 42% to over 64% in just two and a half years since the launch of SBM. With the total number of ODF States now rising to 5, more than 2 Lakh villages and 147 districts have also been declared ODF across the country.

    3. Which Indian government scheme has won the United Nations Public Service Award recently?

    a. Swatch Bharat Mission
    b. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
    c. Kanyashree Scheme
    d. MG-NEREGA

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Department of Women Development and Social Welfare, Government of West Bengal (DWD&SW) has designed the Kanyashree Prakalpa that is a conditional cash transfer scheme with the aim of improving the status and well-being of the girl child in West Bengal by incentivizing schooling of all teenage girls and delaying their marriages until the age of 18, the legal age of marriage. Kanyashree Prakalpa is a West Bengal Government sponsored scheme which will be implemented henceforth in all districts of the State.

    The scheme has two components:

    • Annual Scholarship of Rs. 500/-(Rupees Five hundred only)

    • One time Grant of Rs. 25,000/-(Rupees Twenty-five thousand only)

    The Annual Scholarship is for unmarried girls aged 13-18 years enrolled in classes VIII-XII in government recognised regular or equivalent open school or equivalent vocational/technical training course.

    The One-time Grant is for girls turned 18 at the time of application, enrolled in government recognised regular or open school/college or pursuing vocational/technical training or sports activity or is an inmate of Home registered under J.J. Act 2000.

    The Hindu: Smart Cities Mission in India

    4. Consider the following statements regarding the recently launched India-Portugal International StartUp Hub (IPISH):

    1) IPISH will provide information on the start-up hotspots of Bangalore, Delhi and Lisbon.

    2) IPISH will provide information on associated subjects, such as policy, taxation, and visa options.

    3) Portugal has one of the highest rates of business creation in Europe.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    India and Portugal recently launched a unique startup Portal - the India-Portugal International Startup Hub (IPISH). IPISH hosts a range of tools and will provide information on the start-up hotspots of Bangalore, Delhi and Lisbon; and on associated subjects, such as policy, taxation, and visa options. It will develop a Go-To-Market Guide to support startups.

    IPISH is expected to help in mutual capacity building, and enable connections between startups, investors, and incubators from relevant sectors. It is also expected to establish a network of honorary ambassadors based in India and Portugal to guide start-up from both countries.

    There are strong complementarities between India and Portugal in the start-up sector. Portugal has one of the highest rates of business creation in Europe and has emerged as one of the most vibrant European ecosystems for entrepreneurship.

    5. Recently, the food regulator FSSAI has come out with the regulation for organic food products. Which of the following statements is not true regarding the new regulation on organic food?

    a. Organic foods will have to comply with the provisions under the National Programme for Biotechnology.

    b. The FSSAI’s draft has exempted all organic food marketed through direct sale by the original producer or a producer organisation from verification compliance.

    c. The draft regulation mandates that labelling of organic foods should convey full and accurate information on the organic status of the product.

    d. The regulation is seeking to ensure that the food items are actually organic.

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Recently, the food regulator FSSAI has come out with a draft regulation for organic food products, seeking to ensure that these food items are actually organic. Organic foods will have to comply with the provisions under the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) administered by the government or the Participatory Guarantee System for India (PGS-India) run by the Agriculture Ministry or any other standards notified by the food authority.

    • The draft regulation mandates that labelling of organic foods should convey full and accurate information on the organic status of the product.

    • Organic food products should also carry a certification mark or a quality assurance mark given by any of the notified certification bodies.

    • The FSSAI’s draft has exempted organic food marketed through direct sale by the original producer or a producer organisation to the end consumer from verification compliance.

    However, this exemption does not apply to processed organic products.

    • The FSSAI has defined ‘organic agriculture’ as a system of farm design and management to create an ecosystem of agriculture production without the use of synthetic external inputs such as chemicals, fertilisers, pesticides and synthetic hormones or genetically modified organisms.

    • Organic farm produce means the produce obtained from organic agriculture, while organic food means food products that have been produced in accordance with specified standards for organic production.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2017 for IAS Prelims 2018

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