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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: December 2016 Questions VII

Dec 26, 2016 15:57 IST

    current affairs for IASCurrent Affairs is one of the the important factors to unlock the IAS Prelims exam. This has been evident after the IAS Prelims Exam 2016 in which more than 50% were directly connected with the Current Affairs. Though the trend does not continue, but current affairs always have their say in the final merit of the IAS result.

    1. Consider the following statements regarding Global Annual Installed Capacity 2016:
    I. The Index was topped by China, followed by USA and Germany.
    II. India ranked 4th in Global Wind Power Installed Capacity Index, 2016.
    III. In 2015-2016, India installed 31472 solar pumps, which is higher than the total number of pumps installed during last 24 years. As of 31 October 2016, 92305 solar pumps have been installed in the country.

    Choose the correct answer from following codes:
    a. Only I
    b. Only I and II
    c. Only II and III
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    India has 4th in the Global Wind Power Installed Capacity Index 2016. At present, the cumulative installed wind power generation capacity of India is 25088 MW. The Index for 2016 has been topped by China followed by USA and Germany. The cumulative installed wind power generation capacity of China is 145362 MW. The cumulative installed wind power generation capacity of USA is 74471 MW while Germany has the capacity of 44947 MW. In 2015-2016, India has installed 31472 solar pumps, which is higher than the total number of pumps installed during last 24 years. As on 31st October 2016, 92305 solar pumps have been installed in the country. During 2016-2017, 51 MW installations of biomass power plants were achieved against a target of 400 MW.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: December 2016 Questions VI

    2. Consider the following statements regarding India’s successfully launch of Agni 5, the longest range surface-to-surface of missile:
    I. Agni 5 has became India's longest range and indigenously-developed nuclear capable missile launched from the Odisha
    II. Agni 5 is the indigenously-developed inter-continental surface-to-surface nuclear-capable missile can hit targets in north China.

    Choose the correct answer from following codes:
    a. Only I
    b. Only II
    c. Both I and II
    d. Neither I nor II

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    With the successful test-fire of Agni 5, the missile becomes part of the Indian military’s inventory and also restores some of the missile balance that is in China's favour. Important feature of Agni 5 is it has three-stage solid fuelled missile with composite motor casing in the third stage. Agni 5 is capable of carrying multiple warheads and would also display counter-measures against anti-ballistic missile systems. Unlike other missiles of Agni series, Agni-5 is the most advanced having some new technologies incorporated with it in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine.

    3. Recently, India has test fired it longest range of missile. Agni 5 from which of the following islands of India?
    a. Barren island
    b. Kalam island
    c. Baratang island
    d. Katchal island

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    In order to make strong its air defence capabilities, India has successfully test fired Agni 5 recently,  a new and long range surface-to-air missile from Kalam island off the Odisha coast.  Now Agni-5 has became India's longest range nuclear capable missile developed by DRDO. Agni 5 is the inter-continental surface-to-surface nuclear capable ballistic missile, the latest in India's "Agni" family of medium to inter-continental range missiles, has gone through four trials now. The Agni 5 missile laced with new technology for navigation and guidance, gives India a strategic depth it needs to contain its enemies. After a few more trials, it will soon join India's military arsenal.

    4. Consider the following statements regarding Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology which has recommended a national policy on managing and curbing forest fires:
    I. The committee revealed that there has been about 55 per cent rise in forest fire which tremendously affects environment, forests, biodiversity and wildlife.
    II. The committee has recently submitted their report mainly focuses on the prevention of fires, especially in the Satpura forests.

    Choose the correct answer from following codes:
    a. Only I
    b. Only II
    c. Both I and II
    d. Neither I nor II

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology has recommended a national policy on managing and curbing forest fires. This move has come following the committee’s latest report on ‘forest fires and its effect on the environment, forests, biodiversity and wildlife’, which revealed that there has been about 55 per cent rise in forest fires. The number of forest fires has touched 24817 in 2016, in comparison to 15937 in 2015. A total of around 17502 acres of land has been destroyed this year due to the spread of the forest fire. The increase is alarming, as 2015, which was in fact considered a drought year, had seen about 16 percent fall in the frequency of the blazes. The three states that contribute about one third to the total number of forest fires are Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Chhattisgarh.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: December 2016 Questions V

    5. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Digitally Safe Consumer’ campaign:
    I. In a bid to raise awareness about online safety, Google India has partnered with the Ministry of Consumer Affairs for rolling out a nationwide ‘Digitally Safe Consumer’ campaign.
    II. Google, along with Department of Consumer Affairs, will undertake a year—long campaign focussed on building capacities of consumer organisations, personnel of Consumer Affairs department and counsellors of National Consumer Helpline on Internet safety and related issues.

    Choose the correct answer from following codes:
    a. Only I
    b. Only II
    c. Both I and II
    d. Neither I nor II

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    In an attempt to raise awareness among consumers about online safety, Google India has partnered with the Ministry of Consumer Affairs for rolling out a nationwide ‘Digitally Safe Consumer’ campaign. Google, along with Department of Consumer Affairs, will undertake a year—long campaign focussed on building capacities of consumer organisations, personnel of Consumer Affairs department and counsellors of National Consumer Helpline on Internet safety and related issues.

    This campaign will add to Google’s existing campaigns guiding users to navigate the web and manage their digital lives safely and leverage the web to the fullest. In a bid to provide training and information on online safety tools, Google with the help of partner agencies will work towards advocating digital security and privacy needs through workshops training about 500 people, including 250 consumer organisations across the country.

    6. Recently, a team of researchers from which of the follow IITs has tracked brown carbon’s effect on atmospheric warming?
    a. IIT Mumbai
    b. IIT Kanpur
    c. IIT Kharagpur
    d. IIT Delhi

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    In a study by a team of researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur has highlighted the effect of biomass burning in increasing atmospheric aerosols and in turn atmospheric warming through light absorption. While the role of black carbon produced by biomass burning in increasing atmospheric warming has already been well established, this study highlights the lesser-known role of brown carbon.

    Compared with earlier studies carried out in the U.S, absorption of light of 365 nanometre wavelength was found to be five times higher in Kanpur, which has a high biomass burning area. Also, brown carbon accounts for about 30 per cent of light absorption in Kanpur. The results were published on November 24 in the journal Scientific Reports.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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