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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: September 2016 Questions V

Sep 16, 2016 12:52 IST

    Current affairs should always be prepared keeping in mind the syllabus of UPSC IAS prelims and mains. For anyone who is starting his/her preparation, current affairs should be given priority. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    Q 1. Government of India has recently approved the extension of contract with the International Seabed Authority (ISA) for exploration of minerals in Oceans. Consider the following statements regarding international water laws?

    1. The International Seabed Authority (ISA) is an organization established by the Law of the Sea Convention.
    2. ISA was established to organize, regulate and control all mineral-related activities in the international seabed area within the limits of national jurisdiction.

    Choose the correct statement:

    a) Only 1
    b) Only 2
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Law of the Sea Convention defines the rights and responsibilities of nations with respect to their use of the world's oceans, establishing guidelines for businesses, the environment, and the management of marine natural resources. ISA is an organization established by the Law of the Sea Convention.  It was established to organize, regulate and control all mineral-related activities in the international seabed area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, an area underlying most of the world’s oceans.
    ISA basically governs non-living resources of seabed lying in international waters.

    Q2. India recently signed the Bilateral Technical Arrangement on the identification and return irregular migrants without introducing any additional obligations. With which country has India signed this arrangement?

    a) Bangladesh
    b) United States Of America
    c)  Switzerland
    d) United Kingdom

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing of the Technical Arrangement between India and Switzerland on the identification and return of Swiss and Indian Nationals and its implementation.
    The BTA essentially aims to formalize the existing procedure for cooperation on the return of irregular migrants between the two countries without introducing any additional obligations or exacting timeframes. It is noteworthy that the estimated number of irregular migrants in Switzerland who are thought to be from India is less than 100. If the BTA with Switzerland is approved as proposed, it would offer an opportunity to use the same as a model template for negotiations on the subject with other EU countries, which have been raising the issue regularly with us.

    Q3. Recent studies show that natural variations in solar energy and lack of adequate electricity infrastructure result in about 15-20 per cent of all renewable energy generated in India going waste. Consider the following statements regarding the generation of renewal energy in India.

    1. Renewable energy in India comes under the purview of the Ministry of Power
    2. Wind power is the leading source of renewable power in India followed by solar power.

    Choose the incorrect statement:

    a) Only 1
    b) Only 2
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Renewable energy in India comes under the purview of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).\In terms of renewable energy sources under the responsibility of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy by April 2016 wind power was the leading source of renewable power with 26.9 GW installed capacity, almost two thirds of the total renewable power installed capacity and next came solar power with 6.8 GW installed capacity and biomass power with 4.8 GW accounting for 15.8% and 11.3% of the total renewable power installed capacity. Small hydro power accounted for 4.3 GW and waste to power accounted for just over 0.1 GW installed capacity. Total installed renewable power capacity in this category was just less than 43 GW by April 2016.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: September 2016 Questions IV


    Q4. India has recorded highest-ever tea production in 2015-16.Consider the following statements regarding tea production in India.

    1. India is the largest producer and exporter of tea in the world.
    2. Kerala is largest tea-producing state among southern states while Assam is largest producer of tea in India.

    Choose the correct statement:

    a) Only 1
    b) Only 2
    c)  Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    India is ranked second among the largest tea producing countries in the world, next only to China. The Eastern Himalayas of India present ideal conditions for tea plantation. The foot-hill regions of the Eastern Himalayas and the Brahmaputra valley are among world’s largest tea plantation regions. Assam is the largest producer of tea and accounts for more than 52 per cent of the tea, produced in India. It is one of the largest tea producing regions in the world. West Bengal ranks second in the list of tea producing states and accounts for more than 25 per cent of the tea, produced in the country. In South India, tea is grown on the hilly slopes of the Nilgiris and Palanis in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Tamil Nadu occupies top position in the list of tea producing southern states.

    Q5. India is presently having a huge area around 2000 km away from her southern tip for exploration of PMN. Consider the following statements regarding PMN?

    1. PMN (Polymetallic nodules) are also known as metallic nodules.
    2. Besides manganese and iron, PMN also contains nickel, cobalt and copper considered to be of economic and strategic importance.
    3. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is carrying out Survey & Exploration and Environmental Impact Assessment under Polymetallic nodules program of Government of India.

    Choose the correct statements?

    a) Only 2
    b) 2 and 3
    c) 1 and 3
    d)All of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Polymetallic nodules (also known as manganese nodules) are potato-shaped, largely porous nodules found in abundance carpeting the sea floor of world oceans in deep sea. Besides manganese and iron, they contain nickel, copper, cobalt, lead, molybdenum, cadmium, vanadium, titanium, of which nickel, cobalt and copper are considered to be of economic and strategic importance.
    India signed a 15 year contract for exploration of Polymetallic Nodules (PMN) in Central Indian Ocean Basin with the International Seabed Authority (ISA) with the approval of Cabinet. India is presently having an area of 75,000sq.km, located about 2000 km away from her southern tip for exploration of PMN. Ministry of Earth Sciences is carrying out Survey & Exploration, Environmental Impact Assessment, Technology Development (Mining and Extractive Metallurgy) under polymetallic nodules program through various national research institutes.

    Q6. With reference to the term ‘Magnetars’ often seen in news. Which of the following statements are correct?

    a) Magnetar is a neutron star with a much stronger magnetic field than ordinary neutron stars.
    b) Although mass of magnetar is less than sun but it has a long active life.
    c) Magnetars are large magnetic substances discovered in the interior of the earth.
    d) None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    A magnetar is a type of neutron star with an extremely powerful magnetic field. The magnetic field decay powers the emission of high-energy electromagnetic radiation, particularly X-rays and gamma rays.
    Like other neutron stars, magnetars are around 20 kilometers in diameter and have a mass 2–3 times that of the Sun. The density of the interior of a magnetar is such that a thimble full of its substance would have a mass of over 100 million tons. Magnetars are differentiated from other neutron stars by having even stronger magnetic fields and rotating comparatively slowly. This magnetic field gives rise to very strong and characteristic bursts of X-rays and gamma rays. The active life of a magnetar is short. Their strong magnetic fields decay after about 10,000 years, after which activity and strong X-ray emission cease.

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