IAS Questions are mostly related to the Current affairs of the social and economic developments in the country. UPSC IAS prelims preparation requires a deep consolidation and fundamental knowledge of the current happenings.
Current affair is the most dynamic and challenging portion of the IAS Prelims preparation which should be studied in depth. For anyone who is starting his/her preparation, current affairs should be given priority.
We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.
1. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is analysing the oil spill accident resulting from a collision off the coast of Tamil Nadu. Consider the following statements regarding the CPCB:
1) The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is a statutory organisation.
2) CPCB was established under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
3) It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
Which of the following statements is correct?
a. 1 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is a statutory organisation constituted in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
Principal Functions of the CPCB are as follows:
(i) To promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and
(ii) To improve the quality of air and to prevent, control, or abate air pollution in the country.
2. Recently, the Juno spacecraft has successfully completed its fourth flyby of the planet Jupiter. Juno was designed and developed by which organisation of the world?
Recently, NASA's Juno spacecraft successfully completed its fourth flyby of Jupiter in the first week of February 2017. During the flyby, all the eight scientific instruments on board the spacecraft were switched on.
The Juno was designed and developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the USA. It was launched on 5 August 2011 aboard an Atlas V-551 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida in the USA.
The goal of the Juno mission is to help scientists better understand how Jupiter and other planets began and have changed over time. NASA is always trying to understand the world around us Earth, the solar system and the universe beyond. Jupiter is a type of planet called a "gas giant."
3. Consider the following statements regarding the term, “Advance Prising Agreements ” which is often seen in the news:
1) The Advance Prising Agreements scheme endeavours to provide certainty to taxpayers in the domain of transfer pricing.
2) The Advance Prising Agreements scheme specifies the methods of pricing and determines the prices of international transactions in advance.
Which of the above statements is correct?
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
The APA scheme was introduced in India via the Income-tax Act in 2012 and the “rollback” provisions were introduced in 2014. The scheme endeavours to provide certainty to taxpayers in the domain of transfer pricing by specifying the methods of pricing and determining the prices of international transactions in advance.
The Indian APA program has been appreciated nationally and internationally for being able to address complex transfer pricing issues in a fair and transparent manner.
The APA scheme has evinced a lot of interest from taxpayers and that has resulted in more than 700 applications (both unilateral and bilateral) being filed so far in about five years. The progress of the APA Scheme strengthens the government’s resolve of fostering a non-adversarial tax regime.
4. Recently, the Indian Government has signed a MoU with which of the following countries for technical cooperation in rail sector especially on safety related subjects?
Ministry of Railways and Ferrovie Dello Stato Italiane Group (FS Group) a Government Company of Italy managing the Italian railway sector have signed a MoU for technical cooperation in rail sector especially in the area of safety in train operations.
The cooperation areas identified in this MoU include safety audit of Indian Railways and measures required for enhancing safety in train operation, Assessment and certification of advanced technology based safety products and systems to Safety Integrity Level (SIL4), Training and competency development with the focus on safety, Modern trends in Maintenance and diagnostic etc.
5. Which of the following statements best describes the term “Cold Start Doctrine”, often seen in the news?
a. Cold Start is a military doctrine developed by the United Nations Forces for use in a possible nuclear war.
b. Cold Start is a military doctrine developed by the Indian Armed Forces for use in a possible war with Pakistan.
c. Cold Start is a military doctrine developed by the Indian Armed Forces for use in a possible war with China.
d. None of the above.
The Cold Start doctrine is intended to allow India's conventional forces to perform holding attacks in order to prevent a nuclear retaliation from Pakistan in case of a conflict.
Cold Start is a military doctrine developed by the Indian Armed Forces for use in a possible war with Pakistan. It involves the various branches of India's military conducting offensive operations as part of a unified battle group.
The main objective of the Cold Start Doctrine is to launch a retaliatory conventional strike against Pakistan inflicting significant harm on the Pakistan Army before any international community could intercede, but not in way Pakistan would be provoked to make a nuclear attack.
Cold Start Doctrine deviated from India's defence strategy since 1947 - "a non-aggressive, non-provocative defence policy," - and will involve limited, rapid armoured thrusts, with infantry and necessary air support.