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Early Medieval India Quiz for IAS Prelims Preparation

Sep 29, 2016 16:13 IST

    Given the way history portion is being asked in the IAS prelims exam, Tamil Nadu state education board books can prove to be very useful because a lot of questions related to southern India culture can be directly solved from them. Hence, we have decided to start a new initiative of covering all the chapters related to medieval history from the Tamil Naidu state board books.

                                    Chapter 15: Early Medieval India

    Q1. The Rajputs were the main defenders of the Hindu religion during the early medieval phase. Which of the following statements best define the theory of origin of rajputs?

    a) They were considered as the descendents of the foreign invaders who have Indianized and absorbed into Indian society and the Indian Kshatriyas.
    b) They are considered as descendents of Greek civilization.
    c)  Both (a) and (b)
    d) None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:


    The dominance of Rajputs began from the seventh and eighth centuries and lasted till the Muslim conquest in the twelfth century. In the period of Muslim aggression, the Rajputs were the main defenders of the Hindu religion and culture. There are several theories about the origin of Rajputs. They were considered as the descendents of the foreign invaders and the Indian Kshatriyas. The foreign invaders were Indianized and absorbed into Indian society. Many legends of Rajputs support this theory.

    Therefore, it can be said that diverse elements constitute in the shaping of the Rajput clan. They became homogenous by constant intermarriage and by adopting common customs. They made war as their chief occupation. However, trade and agriculture also prospered. They built strong forts.

    Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the “Gurjara-Pratihars” –the earliest rulers of rajputs?

    1.The Gurjara-Pratiharas first great leader was Harischandra.
    2.He conquered extensive territory in Rajaputana and ruled with his capital at Ajmer.

    Choose the correct statements?

    a) Only 1
    b) Only 2
    c) Both (a) and (b)
    d) None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Gurjara-Pratiharas were the earliest of the Rajput rulers. Its first great leader was Harischandra. He conquered extensive territory in Rajaputana and ruled with his capital at Bhinmal. The Gurjaras were in different branches. One branch ruled Gujarat and another at Avanthi.

    The Pratiharas involved themselves in a three cornered contest with the Palas of Bengal and the Rashtrakutas of Deccan. Later the Pratiharas became weak. The Chauhans, the most valiant of the Rajput races, ruled Ajmer.

    CLICK HERE FOR MORE MEDIEVAL HISTORY MATERIAL


    Q3. Match the following rulers with territories:
        LIST A                                             LIST B
    1. Gurjara-pratihara               a) Kanauj
    2. Rajyapala                          b) Bhinmal
    3. Solankis                            c) Aror
    4. Dahir                                d) Anhilwad 

    Choose the correct match:
            1  2   3   4
    a)    (a)(b)(c)(d)
    b)    (d)(c)(b)(a)
    c)    (b)(a)(d)(c)
    d)    None of the above

    Answer

    Explanation:


    The Gurjara-Pratiharas were the earliest of the Rajput rulers. Its first great leader was Harischandra. He conquered extensive territory in Rajaputana and ruled with his capital at Bhinmal. In 712 A.D., Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sind. Qasim defeated Dahir, the ruler of Sind and captured his capital Aror.

    Q4. Which of the following terms in Islamic history is correctly matched?

    a)Zimmis –followers of Islam
    b)Caliphate – empire established by the followers of Islam.
    c)Hijra-  protected subjects under Muslim rulers.
    d)All the correctly matched

    Answer: b

    Explanation:


    The religion Islam was born at Mecca in Arabia. Its founder was Prophet Muhammad. But his teachings made the wealthy people of Mecca his enemies. Therefore, he migrated to Medina in 622 A.D., which was the starting point of the Muslim calendar and the Muslim era called hijra. The followers of Muhammad set up an empire called the Caliphate. The Umayyads and the Abbasids were called the caliphs. They expanded their rule by conquests and spread their religion Islam. The people of captured territories were given the status of zimmis (protected subjects).

    Q5. Mahmud of Ghazni was a great warrior also patronized art and literature. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1.Firdausi, the author of Kitab-i-Hind was the poet-laureate in the court of Mahmud.
    2.Alberuni stayed in Mahmud’s court and wrote the famous Shah-Namah.

    Choose the correct statements?

    a)Only 1
    b)Only 2
    c)Both (a) and (b)
    d)None of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Mahmud was not a mere raider and plunderer of wealth. He built a wide empire from the Punjab in the east to the Caspian Sea on the west and from Samarkand in the north to Gujarat in the south. The Ghaznavid empire roughly included Persia, Trans-oxyana, Afghanistan and Punjab. His achievements were due to his leadership and restless activity. Mahmud was considered a hero of Islam by medieval historians. He also patronized art and literature. Firdausi was the poet-laureate in the court of Mahmud. He was the author of Shah Namah. Alberuni stayed in Mahmud’s court and wrote the famous Kitab-i-Hind, an account on India. His conquest of Punjab and Multan completely changed the political situation in India.

    Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the causes of failure of Hindu kingdoms against Muslim rulers?

    1.The important cause for the defeat of Hindu states was lack of unity among them.
    2.Muslim rulers possessed efficient cavalry to fight against the Hindu kingdoms.

    Choose the correct statements?

    a)Only 1
    b)Only 2
    c)Both (a) and (b)
    d)None of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The most important causes for the downfall of Hindu states was that they lacked unity. They were divided by factions. The Rajput princes exhausted one another by their mutual conflicts. Secondly, many Hindu states were declining in power. Their military methods were out of date and far inferior to those of Muslims. Indians continued to rely on elephants while the Muslims possessed quick-moving cavalry.

    The Muslims soldiers had better organization and able leaders. Their religious zeal and their greed for the greater wealth of India provided stimulus to them. Among the Hindus, the duty of fighting was confined to a particular class, the Kshatriyas. Moreover, the Hindus were always on the defensive, which was always a weak position.

    Q7. The Battles of Tarain and Chandawar contributed the most in the establishment of Turkish rule in India. Between whom these battles were fought?

    1.Battle of Tarain was fought between Prithiviraj Chauhan of Chauhan dynasty of Ajmer and Muhammad Ghori.
    2.Battle of Chandawar was fought between Jayachandra of kannauj and Qutb-uddin Aibak.

    Choose the correct statements?

    a)Only 1
    b)Only 2
    c)Both (a) and (b)
    d)None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    In the ensuing Battle of Tarain in 1192, Muhammad Ghori thoroughly routed the army of Prithiviraj Chauhan, who was captured and killed.
    In 1193 he prepared the ground for another invasion by Muhammad Ghori. This invasion was directed against the Gahadavala ruler Jayachandra. Muhammad routed Jayachandra’s forces. Kanauj was occupied by the Muslims after the battle of Chandawar.

    The battle of Tarain was a decisive battle. It was a major disaster for the Rajputs. Their political prestige suffered a serious setback. The first Muslim kingdom was thus firmly established in India at Ajmer and a new era in the history of India began.

    Q8. How did the conquest of Sind by Muhammad Bin Qasim in 712 A.D resulted in the diffusion of Indian culture abroad?

    a)Many Arab travelers started visiting Sind.
    b)Indian medicine and astronomy were carried to far off lands through the Arabs.
    c)The Indian numerals in the Arabic form went to Europe through Arab travelers.
    d)All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    In 712 A.D., Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sind. Qasim defeated Dahir, the ruler of Sind and killed him in a well-contested battle and captured his capital Aror. Qasim organized the administration of Sind. The people of Sind were given the status of zimmis (protected subjects). There was no interference in the lives and property of the people.

    Although the conquest of Sind did not lead to further conquests immediately, it had resulted in the diffusion of Indian culture abroad. Many Arab travelers visited Sind. Indian medicine and astronomy were carried to far off lands through the Arabs. The Indian numerals in the Arabic form went to Europe through them. Since Sind was a part of the Arab empire, the inflow of Indian knowledge was great.

    CLICK HERE FOR MORE HISTORY MATERIAL

     Early Medieval India Quiz for IAS Prelims Preparation

     

    Given the way history portion is being asked in the IAS prelims exam, Tamil Nadu state education board books can prove to be very useful because a lot of questions related to southern India culture can be directly solved from them. Hence, we have decided to start a new initiative of covering all the chapters related to ancient and medieval history from the Tamil Naidu state board books.

                                     Chapter 15: Early Medieval India

    Q1. The Rajputs were the main defenders of the Hindu religion during the early medieval phase. Which of the following statements best define the theory of origin of rajputs?

     

    a)   They were considered as the descendents of the foreign invaders who have Indianized and absorbed into Indian society and the Indian Kshatriyas.

    b)   They are considered as descendents of Greek civilization.

    c)   Both (a) and (b)

    d)   None of the above

     

    Answer: a

     

    Explanation:

     

    The dominance of Rajputs began from the seventh and eighth centuries and lasted till the Muslim conquest in the twelfth century. In the period of Muslim aggression, the Rajputs were the main defenders of the Hindu religion and culture. There are several theories about the origin of Rajputs. They were considered as the descendents of the foreign invaders and the Indian Kshatriyas. The foreign invaders were Indianized and absorbed into Indian society. Many legends of Rajputs support this theory.

    Therefore, it can be said that diverse elements constitute in the shaping of the Rajput clan. They became homogenous by constant intermarriage and by adopting common customs. They made war as their chief occupation. However, trade and agriculture also prospered. They built strong forts.

    Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the “Gurjara-Pratihars” –the earliest rulers of rajputs?

    1.   The Gurjara-Pratiharas first great leader was Harischandra.

    2.   He conquered extensive territory in Rajaputana and ruled with his capital at Ajmer.

    Choose the correct statements?

    a)   Only 1

    b)   Only 2

    c)   Both (a) and (b)

    d)   None of the above

     

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Gurjara-Pratiharas were the earliest of the Rajput rulers. Its first great leader was Harischandra. He conquered extensive territory in Rajaputana and ruled with his capital at Bhinmal. The Gurjaras were in different branches. One branch ruled Gujarat and another at Avanthi.

    The Pratiharas involved themselves in a three cornered contest with the Palas of Bengal and the Rashtrakutas of Deccan. Later the Pratiharas became weak. The Chauhans, the most valiant of the Rajput races, ruled Ajmer.

     

    Q3. Match the following rulers with territories:

     

    1. Gurjara-pratiharas                   a) Kanauj

    2. Rajyapala                                b) Bhinmal

    3. Solankis                                   c) Aror

    4. Dahir                                        d) Anhilwad 

    Choose the correct match:

              1   2   3    4

    a)   (a)(b)(c)(d)

    b)   (d)(c)(b)(a)

    c)   (b)(a)(d)(c)

    d)   None of the above

     

    Answer

     

    Explanation:

     

    The Gurjara-Pratiharas were the earliest of the Rajput rulers. Its first great leader was Harischandra. He conquered extensive territory in Rajaputana and ruled with his capital at Bhinmal. In 712 A.D., Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sind. Qasim defeated Dahir, the ruler of Sind and captured his capital Aror.

     

    Q4. Which of the following terms in Islamic history is correctly matched?

     

    a)   Zimmis –followers of Islam

    b)   Caliphate – empire established by the followers of Islam.

    c)   Hijra-  protected subjects under Muslim rulers.

    d)   All the correctly matched

     

    Answer: b

     

    Explanation:

     

    The religion Islam was born at Mecca in Arabia. Its founder was Prophet Muhammad. But his teachings made the wealthy people of Mecca his enemies. Therefore, he migrated to Medina in 622 A.D., which was the starting point of the Muslim calendar and the Muslim era called hijra. The followers of Muhammad set up an empire called the Caliphate. The Umayyads and the Abbasids were called the caliphs. They expanded their rule by conquests and spread their religion Islam. The people of captured territories were given the status of zimmis (protected subjects).

     

    Q5. Mahmud of Ghazni was a great warrior also patronized art and literature. Consider the following statements regarding this:

     

    1.   Firdausi, the author of Kitab-i-Hind was the poet-laureate in the court of Mahmud.

    2.   Alberuni stayed in Mahmud’s court and wrote the famous Shah-Namah.

     

    Choose the correct statements?

    a)   Only 1

    b)   Only 2

    c)   Both (a) and (b)

    d)   None of the above

     

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Mahmud was not a mere raider and plunderer of wealth. He built a wide empire from the Punjab in the east to the Caspian Sea on the west and from Samarkand in the north to Gujarat in the south. The Ghaznavid empire roughly included Persia, Trans-oxyana, Afghanistan and Punjab. His achievements were due to his leadership and restless activity. Mahmud was considered a hero of Islam by medieval historians. He also patronized art and literature. Firdausi was the poet-laureate in the court of Mahmud. He was the author of Shah Namah. Alberuni stayed in Mahmud’s court and wrote the famous Kitab-i-Hind, an account on India. His conquest of Punjab and Multan completely changed the political situation in India.

     

     

     

    Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the causes of failure of Hindu kingdoms against Muslim rulers?

     

    1.   The important cause for the defeat of Hindu states was lack of unity among them.

    2.   Muslim rulers possessed efficient cavalry to fight against the Hindu kingdoms.

     

    Choose the correct statements?

    a)   Only 1

    b)   Only 2

    c)   Both (a) and (b)

    d)   None of the above

     

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The most important causes for the downfall of Hindu states was that they lacked unity. They were divided by factions. The Rajput princes exhausted one another by their mutual conflicts. Secondly, many Hindu states were declining in power. Their military methods were out of date and far inferior to those of Muslims. Indians continued to rely on elephants while the Muslims possessed quick-moving cavalry. The Muslims soldiers had better organization and able leaders. Their religious zeal and their greed for the greater wealth of India provided stimulus to them. Among the Hindus, the duty of fighting was confined to a particular class, the Kshatriyas. Moreover, the Hindus were always on the defensive, which was always a weak position.

     

    Q7. The Battles of Tarain and Chandawar contributed the most in the establishment of Turkish rule in India. Between whom these battles were fought?

     

    1.   Battle of Tarain was fought between Prithiviraj Chauhan of Chauhan dynasty of Ajmer and Muhammad Ghori.

    2.   Battle of Chandawar was fought between Jayachandra of kannauj and Qutb-uddin Aibak.

     

    Choose the correct statements?

    a)   Only 1

    b)   Only 2

    c)   Both (a) and (b)

    d)   None of the above

     

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    In the ensuing Battle of Tarain in 1192, Muhammad Ghori thoroughly routed the army of Prithiviraj Chauhan, who was captured and killed.

    In 1193 he prepared the ground for another invasion by Muhammad Ghori. This invasion was directed against the Gahadavala ruler Jayachandra. Muhammad routed Jayachandra’s forces. Kanauj was occupied by the Muslims after the battle of Chandawar.

    The second battle of Tarain was a decisive battle. It was a major disaster for the Rajputs. Their political prestige suffered a serious setback. The first Muslim kingdom was thus firmly established in India at Ajmer and a new era in the history of India began.

     

     

    Q8. How did the conquest of Sind by Muhammad Bin Qasim in 712 A.D resulted in the diffusion of Indian culture abroad?

     

    a)   Many Arab travelers started visiting Sind.

    b)   Indian medicine and astronomy were carried to far off lands through the Arabs.

    c)   The Indian numerals in the Arabic form went to Europe through Arab travelers.

    d)   All of the above

     

    Answer: d

     

    Explanation:

     

    In 712 A.D., Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sind. Qasim defeated Dahir, the ruler of Sind and killed him in a well-contested battle and captured his capital Aror. Qasim organized the administration of Sind. The people of Sind were given the status of zimmis (protected subjects). There was no interference in the lives and property of the people. Although the conquest of Sind did not lead to further conquests immediately, it had resulted in the diffusion of Indian culture abroad. Many Arab travelers visited Sind. Indian medicine and astronomy were carried to far off lands through the Arabs. The Indian numerals in the Arabic form went to Europe through them. Since Sind was a part of the Arab empire, the inflow of Indian knowledge was great.

     

     

     

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