IAS Prelims 2014: How to prepare Indian Polity and Governance

The expert team of Jagran josh provides guidance for the candidates on how to prepare Indian Polity and Governance.

Created On: Mar 7, 2014 15:50 IST

Barely five months are left for the IAS Prelims 2014 Exam which is scheduled to be conducted on 24 August 2014 by the Union Public Service Commission. The candidates must be facing the trouble of what to study and what not for the IAS Prelims Exam which consists of two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II. Indian Polity and Governance forms an essential part of the IAS Exam Syllabus and needs to be studied in a thorough manner. The expert team of Jagran josh provides guidance for the candidates on how to prepare Indian Polity and Governance.

Books to be followed

The most important source for this section is the NCERT Books for Class 11 and 12 for Indian Polity. DD Basu can be referred for studying the Constitution of India. After going through these, the candidates must thoroughly go through at least one standard text book for Indian Polity like M. Laxmikanth. Newspapers should be regularly read in order to keep abreast with the recent happenings related to governance.

Focus Areas

The questions asked from Indian Polity and Governance can be related to the following areas:

•    Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties
•    Directive Principles of State Policy
•    Procedure of passing various bills in Parliament
•    All important aspects of Executive, Legislature and Judiciary, their parts, powers and functions
•    The election/appointment and removal of prominent Government authorities like the President, Supreme Court and High Court judges, Governor, etc.
•    Other important Constitutional bodies and authorities like Attorney General, Finance Commission, CAG, CVC, Election Commission etc.
•    Panchayati Raj and Urban Local Governance
•    Important legislations passed in past few years
•    Planning- procedure, Planning Commission, etc.
•    Non constitutional and Statutory bodies of the Government
•    Important amendments to the Constitution
•    Motions and Resolutions of the Parliament
•    Provisions in the Constitution for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Minorities, Disabled etc.
•    Various important Committees and Commissions under the Constitution

The questions asked from Indian Polity and Governance might be factual but are framed in a complicated format. The question is followed by two or more statements out of which the correct or incorrect statements have to be selected. This is quite a confusing task and the candidates need to know about all the statements in order to mark the correct option. Hence, clarity of concepts is absolutely necessary. Superficial knowledge can land the candidates into trouble by luring them to mark the incorrect option based on half knowledge.

Candidates can refer their exam preparation related doubts and queries at of Myjosh.

Some previous years questions are given below:

Q. Consider the following statements:
Attorney General of India can
1. take part in the proceedings of the Lok Sabha
2. be a member of a committee of the Lok Sabha
3. speak in the Lok Sabha
4. vote in the Lok Sabha
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 3 only
Answer. c

Q. According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the governance of the country?
(a) Fundamental Rights
(b) Fundamental Duties
(c) Directive Principles of State Policy
(d) Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties
Answer. c

Q. Regarding the office of the Lok Sabha Speaker, consider the following statements:
1. He/She holds the office during the pleasure of the President.
2. He/She need not be a member of the House at the time of his/her election but has to become a member of the House within six months from the date of his/her election.
3. If he/she intends to resign, the letter of his/her resignation has to be addressed to the Deputy Speaker.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
Answer. b

Q. All revenues received by the Union Government by way of taxes and other receipts for the conduct of Government business are credited to the
(a) Contingency Fund of India
(b) Public Account
(c) Consolidated Fund of India
(d) Deposits and Advances Fund
Answer. c

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