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IAS Prelims 2014: How to prepare World Geography

Feb 28, 2014 11:45 IST

    IAS Prelims 2014 exam is scheduled to be conducted on 24 August 2014. As the exam approaches, the candidates become anxious and confused about what to read and what not to read. Making a strategy beforehand on how to prepare each topic would provide a systematic approach to the exam preparation. The Civil Services Preliminary exam consists of two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II. The Syllabus of the exam mentions World Geography as a specific topic under the General Studies Paper I. Let us see how to prepare for this topic for the IAS Prelims exam.

    World Geography is important for the Prelims exam due to the fact that almost 5-6 questions are asked every year from this section in the exam. NCERT books are the best source for preparation of World Geography. Class VI, VII, VIII NCERT Geography books provide a basic understanding of the topic while Class XI and XII World Geography books give an advanced idea on it. Goh Cheng Leong’s Certificate Physical and Human Geography can be referred for further clarity on the topic, especially for the details on the various World Biomes. The map related questions can be tackled by referring to a good World Atlas like Orient Blackswan School Atlas.

    The questions in the Prelims exam can be asked from any and every subtopic that can be counted under the World Geography section. So it would be difficult to point out which topics should be covered under the syllabus and which ones should be left out. But keeping in mind the limited amount of Time available with the candidates, we need to delineate what are the important areas that are frequently asked in the Prelims exam that should be focused on for the exam. These focus areas are:

    •    Atmosphere, its structure and components.
    •    World Climate with focus on major world climatic phenomena like Planetary winds, Clouds, Cyclones etc.
    •    Geomorphic processes like Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Weathering, Erosion and Gradational processes and their associated landform features
    •    Major World Biomes, their components and features.
    •    World Resources and their distribution
    •    World Industries and their distribution
    •    Major World Crops and Farming systems
    •    World Map related questions
    •    World oceans and related processes like Ocean currents, tides
    •    Universe related questions including topics like Solar system; earth and its movements; asteroids, comets and meteors; satellites etc.
    •    Disasters, like Tsunamis, earthquakes, floods, droughts.

    The questions that have been asked from this section in IAS Prelims exam in past few years have been mainly analytical and application based. This requires a thorough understanding of the concepts and processes rather than only mugging up facts and figures.

    To clear all kinds of doubts related to exam preparation, candidates can refer to of Myjosh.

    Some Previous years’ questions are given below:

    Q. Variations in the length of daytime and nighttime from season to season are due to
    (a) the earth's rotation on its axis
    (b) the earth's revolution round the sun in an elliptical manner
    (c) latitudinal position of the place
    (d) revolution of the earth on a tilted axis
    Answer. d

    Q. On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion
    (a) is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds
    (b) is found in freshwater lakes and rivers
    (c) exists as groundwater
    (d) exists as soil moisture
    Answer. c

    Q. The most important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where
    (a) warm and cold atmospheric currents meet
    (b) rivers drain out large amounts of fresh water into the sea
    (c) warm and cold oceanic currents meet
    (d) continental shelf is undulating
    Answer.  c

    Q. Which one of the following is the characteristic climate of the Tropical Savannah Region?
    (a) Rainfall throughout the year
    (b) Rainfall in winter only
    (c) An extremely short dry season
    (d) A definite dry and wet season
    Answer: d

    Q. Westerlies in southern hemisphere are stronger and persistent than in northern hemisphere. Why?
    1. Southern hemisphere has less landmass as compared to northern hemisphere
    2. Coriolis force is higher in southern hemisphere, as compared to northern hemisphere
    Which of the statements given above isl are correct?
    (a) 1 only
    (b) 2 only
    (c) Both 1 and 2
    (d) Neither 1 nor 2
    Answer. a

    Q. What could be the main reasons for the formation of African and Eurasian desert belt?
    1. It is located in the sub-tropical high pressure cells.
    2. It is under the influence of warm ocean currents.  
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?
    (a) 1 only
    (b) 2 only
    (c) Both 1 and 2
    (d) Neither 1 nor 2
    Answer. a

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