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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 22 March 2018

Mar 22, 2018 11:33 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 22 March 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 22 March 2018

    The IAS aspirants must study important issues during IAS preparation because there is a possibility of asking questions based on such events of higher importance. Here, we have provided current affairs questions based on the events published in PIB are very important for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for continuation of Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA). Consider the following statements regarding the RUSA:
    1. RUSA, in its 2nd phase, aims at the creation of 70 new model degree colleges and 8 new professional colleges; Enhancing quality and Excellence in 10 select state universities and 70 autonomous colleges, providing infrastructural support to 50 universities and 750 colleges etc.
    2. RUSA seeks to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio of the country to 30% by 2020 and to increase the spending on higher education by the State Governments.
    3. The project cost in the publicly funded institutions for all sub-components is shared between the Central Government and State Governments in the ratio of 90:10 for the North-Eastern States.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for continuation of Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) from 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2020.

    RUSA is an overarching scheme, operated in a mission mode for funding the state universities and colleges in order to achieve the aims of equity, access and excellence. It seeks to improve the overall quality of existing state higher educational institutions by ensuring their conformity to prescribed norms and standards.

    Major impact and Targets:

    • RUSA seeks to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio of the country to 30% by 2020,

    • It also seeks to increase the spending on higher education by the State Governments,

    • The scheme, in its 2nd phase, aims at the creation of 70 new model degree colleges and 8 new professional colleges; Enhancing quality and Excellence in 10 selected state universities and 70 autonomous colleges, providing infrastructural support to 50 universities and 750 colleges etc.

    • Improving access, equity and accessibility of higher education in Slates through reforms such as academic reforms, governance reforms, affiliation reforms etc.

    • Improve equity in higher education by providing adequate opportunities for higher education to socially deprived communities; promote inclusion of women, minorities, SC/ST/OBCs and differently-abled persons,

    • To identify and fill up the existing gaps in higher education, by augmenting and supporting the State Governments' efforts,

    • Promote a spirit of healthy competition amongst states and institutions to excel in quality higher education, research and innovation.

    Funding Ratio: The project cost in the publicly funded institutions for all sub-components is shared between the Central Government and State Governments in the ratio of 90:10 for the North-Eastern States, J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, 60:40 for other States and UTs with Legislature and 100:0 for UTs without Legislature.

     

    2. Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the opening of 18 new Indian Missions in Africa over a four year period from 2018-2021 in which of the following African nations except?
    a. Burkina Faso
    b. Uganda
    c. Chad
    d. Rwanda

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has approved the opening of 18 new Indian Missions in Africa over a four year period from 2018-2021. The 18 new Indian Missions in Africa will be opened in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Rwanda, Sao Tome& Principe, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland and Togo over a four year period from 2018-2021 thereby increasing the number of Resident Indian Missions in Africa from 29 to 47.

    The decision will enhance India's diplomatic outreach in the African continent and allow India to engage with Indian Diaspora in African countries. The opening of new Missions is also a step towards implementing the vision of enhanced co-operation and engagement with Africa.

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    3. Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the launch of a new Centrally Sponsored Ayushman Bharat -National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM).  Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The scheme has the benefits cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year.
    2. The target beneficiaries of the proposed scheme will be more than 10 crore families belonging to poor and vulnerable population based on SECC database.
    3. AB-NHPM will subsume the on-going centrally sponsored schemes –Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has approved the launch of a new Centrally Sponsored Ayushman Bharat -National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) having central sector component under Ayushman Bharat Mission anchored in the MoHFW. The scheme has the benefits cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year. The target beneficiaries of the proposed scheme will be more than 10 crore families belonging to poor and vulnerable population based on SECC database. AB-NHPM will subsume the on-going centrally sponsored schemes –Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).

    Implementation Strategy:

    At the national level to manage, an Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission Agency (AB-NHPMA) would be put in place. States/ UTs would be advised to implement the scheme by a dedicated entity called State Health Agency (SHA). They can either use an existing Trust/ Society/ Not for Profit Company/ State Nodal Agency (SNA) or set up a new entity to implement the scheme. States/ UTs can decide to implement the scheme through an insurance company or directly through the Trust/ Society or use an integrated model.

    Background:

    RSBY was launched in the year 2008 by the Ministry of Labour and Employment and provides cashless health insurance scheme with benefit coverage of Rs. 30.000/- per annum on a family floater basis [for 5 members], for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families, and 11 other defined categories of unorganised workers. To integrate RSBY into the health system and make it a part of the comprehensive health care vision of Government of India, RSBY was transferred to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) with effective from 1 April 2015. During 2016-2017, 3.63 crore families were covered under RSBY in 278 districts of the country and they could avail medical treatment across the network of 8,697 empanelled hospitals. The NHPS comes in the backdrop of the fact that various Central Ministries and State/UT Governments have launched health insurance/ protection schemes for their own defined set of beneficiaries. There is a critical need to converge these schemes, so as to achieve improved efficiency, reach and coverage.

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    4. Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the revision of energy norms under New Urea Policy. Consider the following statements regarding the New Urea Policy:
    1. The Target Energy Norms under New Urea Policy-2015 (NUP-2015) for 11 urea units to be implemented with effect from 1st April 2018.
    2. Three Naphtha based urea units are also allowed the existing energy norms for another two years/till gas pipeline connectivity.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has accorded the following approval to the proposal of Department of Fertilizers:

    • The Target Energy Norms under New Urea Policy-2015(NUP-2015) for 11 urea units to be implemented with effect from 1st April 2018.

    • The extension of present energy norms with token penalties, under the New Urea Policy-2015 for a further period of two years for 14 urea manufacturing units which failed to achieve the Target Energy Norms.

    • Three Naphtha based urea units are also allowed the existing energy norms for another two years/till gas pipeline connectivity.

    • The target energy norms as per NUP-2015 will be continued for 5 years with effect from 1st April 2020.

    The extension of present energy norms for a further period of 2 years will ensure easy availability of urea to farmers throughout the country. It will also help to maximize the indigenous urea production and will lessen the import of urea.

    The approval will also help to recover some part of the CAPEX invested by urea manufacturing units for making their units more energy efficient. Energy efficient urea manufacturing units shall reduce the carbon footprint and it will be more environment-friendly.

    Chemical Fertilizers have played an important role in making the country self-reliant in food grain production and provide a very vital input for the growth of Indian agriculture.
    The energy efficiency norms notified by the Department for the year 2018-19 are capital intensive. The cost economics of the companies does not support the implementation of energy saving schemes as the simple payback on investment is very long.

    IAS Exam 2018: All You Need Know

    5. Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for Central Sector Scheme "Integrated Scheme for Development of Silk Industry" for the next three years from 2017-18 to 2019-20. Consider the following statement regarding this:
    1. The scheme will be implemented by the Ministry through Central Silk Board (CSB).
    2. The scheme will promote Women Empowerment and livelihood opportunities to SC/ST and other weaker sections of the society.
    3. The core objective of the scheme is to improve the productivity and quality of silk through R&D intervention.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The core objective of the scheme is to improve the productivity and quality of silk through R&D intervention. The focus of R&D intervention is to promote improved cross­breed silk and the import substitute Bivoltine silk so that Bivoltine silk production in India enhances to such a level that raw silk imports become nil by 2022 thereby making India self-sufficient in silk.

    R&D interventions will include race improvement through development of improved host plant varieties and improved disease resistant silkworm breeds by having collaborative research with reputed National Research organizations like IITs, CSIR, IISc and international research institutes on Sericulture in Japan, China, Bulgaria etc. Technological advancements with respect to pre cocoon and post cocoon sectors. Thrust will be given on technology upgradation and make mechanization affordable.

    The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for Central Sector Scheme "Integrated Scheme for Development of Silk Industry" for the next three years from 2017-18 to 2019-20.

    The Scheme has four components:

    • Research & Development (R&D), Training, Transfer of Technology and IT Initiatives

    • Seed Organizations and farmers extension centres

    • Coordination and Market Development for seed, yarn and silk products and

    • Quality Certification System (QCS) by creating amongst others a chain of Silk Testing facilities, Farm-based & post-cocoon Technology Up-gradation, and Export Brand Promotion.

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