To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.
To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.
1. Consider the following statements related to the Stree Swabhiman Initiative that was launched recently.
1) It was launched by the Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
2) It seeks to impart computer literacy to working women.
Which of the above statements is/are true?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
The Union Information Technology and Electronics Ministry on 27 January 2018 launched ‘Stree Swabhiman Initiative’ in partnership with Common Service Centres (CSCs).
Key features of Stree Swabhiman Initiative
• Under this initiative, CSCs will provide access to affordable, reliable and modern (eco-friendly) sanitary napkins (menstrual pads) to adolescent girls and women in rural areas.
• Semi-automatic and manual sanitary napkin manufacturing units will be set up in CSCs for producing affordable and eco-friendly sanitary napkins.
• These micro manufacturing units will be operated by women entrepreneurs and each production unit will generate employment for 8-10 women.
• Compared to those that are available in the market, the new sanitary pads will be more eco-friendly and cheaper ones.
2. It is in this State, India and Vietnam began their first joint military exercise ‘VINBAX’ recently.
b) Madhya Pradesh
c) Himachal Pradesh
d) Jammu and Kashmir
Seeking to boost their defence ties, India and Vietnam commenced the first India Vietnam Bilateral Military Exercise 2018 (VINBAX-2018) at Grenadiers Regimental Centre in Jabalpur on 29 January 2018. The aim of VINBAX-2018 is to train the Vietnam delegation for participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations under the United Nations Flag. The exercise with the participation of 15 army officers each from Vietnam and the India will be held till 3 February 2018.
The exercise has been conducted in the backdrop of Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc’s visit to India last week to participate in the India- ASEAN Commemorative Summit and attend India’s Republic Day celebrations. The issue of bolstering defence and security cooperation figured prominently during the bilateral talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the Vietnamese PM.
Defence ties between India and Vietnam have been on an upswing with special emphasis on cooperation in the maritime domain. India and Vietnam had signed a protocol on defence cooperation in 1994. The partnership was later elevated to the strategic level in 2007 and the two nations signed a pact on boosting bilateral defence cooperation in 2009. The strategic partnership was then elevated to a comprehensive strategic partnership in September 2016.
3. As per the Economic Survey 2017-18, by what percent, India’s GDP will grow in the FY 2017-18?
The Economic Survey 2017-18 was tabled in the Parliament on January 29, 2018 by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. The survey noted that as a result of the transformational Goods and Services Tax (GST), the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 (IBC) and recapitalisation package to strengthen the balance sheets of public sector banks, the economy accelerated in the second half of 2017.
These measures are expected to boost the real GDP growth to 6.75 per cent in the FY 2017-18 and to 7-7.5 per cent in the FY 2018-19, re-instating India as the world’s fastest-growing major economy.
4. Recently, India had an issue with China's CPEC. It stands for -
a. China-Philippines Economic Corridor
b. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor
c. Comprehensive Pact for Environmental Challenge
d. Comprehensive Pact for Environmental Change
Recently, China has said that they are ready to discuss India’s concerns about the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which passes through areas claimed by India.
The reaction comes soon after the Indian ambassador in Beijing, Gautam Bambawale, told a Beijing-based newspaper that India has serious problems with CPEC which should be discussed and not be pushed "under the carpet". The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor passes through Indian-claimed territory and hence violates Indian territorial integrity. This is a major problem for India.
5. As per the Economic Survey 2017-18, India’s commitment to climate change reflected in support of sustainable development goals. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. The recent Economic Survey reveals that access to sustainable, modern and affordable energy is the basis of achieving Sustainable Development Goals.
2. Outlining India’s commitment to address Climate Change, the Survey mentions establishment of 8 Global Technology Watch Groups, extending Climate Change Action Programme launched in 2014 for the period 2017-18 to 2019-20 with a budget outlay of Rs. 132.4 crore.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
The Chapter on Sustainable Development, Energy and Climate Change in the Economic Survey 2017-18 notes India’s commitment to environment and climate change that is reflected in the number of actions in supporting sustainable development goals while retaining reliance on cleaner energy, including cleaner, greener coal. It states that India has strengthened its response to the threat of climate change in accordance with the principles of equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and in the light of national circumstances with the “Paris Pledge” to reduce the emission intensity of GDP by 33-35 percent over 2005 levels by the year 2030.
Outlining India’s commitment to address Climate Change, the Survey mentions establishment of 8 Global Technology Watch Groups, extending Climate Change Action Programme launched in 2014 for the period 2017-18 to 2019-20 with a budget outlay of Rs. 132.4 crore and continuation of National Adaption Fund on Climate Change till 31st March 2020 with financial implication of Rs. 364 crore.