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IAS Questions for Prelims: 16 August 2017

Aug 16, 2017 16:06 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 16 August 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 16 August 2017

    Current affairs importance in the IAS prelims is increasing exponentially every year and hence special emphasis should be given for preparing current affairs for the IAS prelims 2018. Practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be an indispensable activity while preparing for the IAS prelims 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    Here, we have provided some important mock questions on the latest happenings. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. Recently, the Ministry of Environment and Forests launched ‘Gaj Yatra’ to mark World Elephant Day 2017. Consider the following statements in this regard:

    1) The campaign is planned to cover 12 elephant range states.
    2) African elephants are listed as “endangered” and Asian elephants as “vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List of threatened species.
    3) The campaign will be led by the Wildlife Trust of India.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. 1 and 3
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 1, 2 and 3
    d. 2 and 3

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change launched ‘Gaj Yatra’, a nationwide campaign to protect elephants on the occasion of World Elephant Day. The campaign is planned to cover 12 elephant range states.

    The Environment Minister released the All India Census 2017 Report on elephants as also the Agreed Points of Action on Trans-Boundary Conservation of Elephants in India and Bangladesh and a document titled ‘Right of Passage’ on elephant corridors in India.

    During the period of the campaign, artists and craftsmen will create life-size works on the theme of elephants in places along the route of the road show, covering 12 states that have wild elephants, using local art and craft. Specially fabricated vehicles will be deployed to display these on pre-determined routes with campaigners. The ‘Gaju’ mascot, which was released by the Ministry in 2012, will be helm the campaign. The campaign will be led by the Wildlife Trust of India.

    World Elephant Day is an annual global event celebrated across the world on August 12, dedicated to the preservation and protection of elephants. The goal of World Elephant Day is to create awareness about the plight of elephants and to share knowledge and positive solutions for the better care and management of captive and wild elephants. African elephants are listed as “vulnerable” and Asian elephants as “endangered” on the IUCN Red List of threatened species. As per the available population estimates, there are about 400,000 African elephants and 40,000 Asian elephants.

    IAS Questions for Prelims: 14 August 2017

    2. Recently, the scientists have uncovered the largest volcanic region on Earth below the surface of the vast Antarctic ice sheet. Consider the following statements in this regard:

    1) The largest volcanic region on Earth consists of almost 100 volcanoes in the vast two kilometres span.
    2) These active peaks are concentrated in a region known as the West Antarctic rift system.
    3) The newly discovered volcanoes range in height from 100 to 8850 metres.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. 1 and 3
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 1, 2 and 3
    d. 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Scientists have uncovered the largest volcanic region on Earth which consists of almost 100 volcanoes in two kilometres below the surface of the vast Antarctic ice sheet. Researchers at Edinburgh University in the UK revealed a staggering 91 volcanoes, adding to the 47 others that had been discovered previously, with the highest as tall as the Eiger, which stands at almost 4,000 metres, in Switzerland.

    The newly discovered volcanoes range in height from 100 to 3,850 metres. All of them are covered in thick layers of ice. These active peaks are concentrated in a region known as the West Antarctic rift system, which stretches 3,500 km from Antarctica’s Ross ice shelf to the Antarctic peninsula.

    Researchers said that any activity of this range may have crucial implications for the rest of the planet. If one of these volcanoes were to erupt it could further destabilise West Antarctica’s ice sheets. Anything that causes the melting of ice is likely to speed up the flow of ice into the sea. Researchers also pointed to an alarming trend that most volcanism in the world at present is in regions that have only recently lost their glacier covering after the end of the last ice age. This could happen in West Antarctica, where significant warming in the region caused by climate change has begun to affect its ice sheets.

    3. The Indian Navy will join the Chinese People’s Liberation Army-Navy (PLAN) for an inaugural maritime search and rescue exercise under the aegis of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS). Which of the following countries navies is part of it in the South Asian littoral?

    a. Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Seychelles and Sri Lanka
    b. Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Seychelles and China
    c. Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
    d. None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The ‘Indian Ocean Naval Symposium’ (IONS) is a voluntary initiative that seeks to increase maritime cooperation among navies of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region by providing an open and inclusive forum for discussion of regionally relevant maritime issues. In the process, it endeavours to generate a flow of information between naval professionals that would lead to common understanding and possibly cooperative solutions on the way ahead.

    That the launch of so important a regional initiative was able to meet with such wide acceptance across the length and breadth of the Indian Ocean was in itself a unique phenomenon. There are 35 members - navies of the IONS which have been geographically grouped into the following four sub-regions:-

    South Asian Littorals - Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Seychelles and Sri Lanka

    West Asian Littorals - Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Yemen

    East African Littorals - Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eriteria, France, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan and Tanzania

    South East Asian and Australian Littorals - Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and Timor Leste.

    IAS Questions for Prelims: July 2017

    4. Recently, the Government has initiated the Pashu Sanjivni component under National Mission on Bovine Productivity scheme. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1. The Pashu Sanjivni is crucial for control and spread of animal diseases, scientific management of animals, enhanced production and productivity, improvement in the quality of livestock & livestock products.
    2. 88 million milk producing animals out of 300 million cattle and buffaloes are being identified using polyurethane tags with 12 digits unique identification (UID) number.
    3. Data of the identified animals is being uploaded on Information Network on Animal Health and Productivity (INAPH) data base.

    Which of the following above statements is true?

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Pashu Sanjivni component under National Mission on Bovine Productivity scheme was initiated by the Government in November 2016. 88 million milk producing animals out of 300 million cattle and buffaloes are being identified using polyurethane tags with 12 digits unique identification (UID) number. Data of the identified animals is being uploaded on Information Network on Animal Health and Productivity (INAPH) data base. As on date, 85 lakh milk producing animals have been identified and their data has been uploaded on INAPH data base.

    The Pashu Sanjivni is crucial for control and spread of animal diseases, scientific management of animals, enhanced production and productivity, improvement in the quality of livestock & livestock products, increase in trade of livestock and livestock products by meeting out sanitary and phytosanitary issues.

    5. Encephalitis is caused by:

    a. a bacteria
    b. a virus
    c. a protozoa
    d. None of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Encephalitis is caused by a virus is known as "viral encephalitis". In rare cases, encephalitis is caused by bacteria, fungi or parasites. Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. The most common cause is viral infections. There are two main types of encephalitis: primary and secondary. Primary encephalitis occurs when a virus directly infects the brain and spinal cord. Secondary encephalitis occurs when an infection starts elsewhere in the body and then travels to your brain.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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