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IAS Questions for Prelims: 7 November 2017

Nov 7, 2017 17:22 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 7 November 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 7 November 2017

    During IAS prelims preparation, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs becomes an indispensable activity. Current events should be read concurrently with the academic subjects like Indian polity, economics and Indian geography.

    IAS Questions for Prelims: 28 October to 3 November 2017

    Here, we have provided some important mock questions on the latest happenings that affect the country. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1.Recently, the indigenously designed ‘Nirbhay’ missile was tested from the Odisha coast. Consider the following statements regarding the Nirbhay missile:

    1)Nirbhay is the long-range subsonic cruise missile of India.
    2)Nirbhay is capable of carrying conventional and nuclear warheads.
    3)Nirbhay has been successfully tested by the IAS Vikramaditya.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a.1 and 2
    b.2 and 3
    c.1 and 3
    d.1,2 and 3

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Nirbhay Missile is indigenously developed by the DRDO centre of India. Nirbhay is all-weather, low-cost, long-range cruise missile capable of carrying conventional and nuclear warheads. The missile has a range of more than 1000 km, weighs about 1500 kg and has a length of 6 metres. It is named after the Brutal sexual assault case of Delhi which named the brave victim as Nirbhaya.

    Upon reaching the required velocity and height, Turbofan engine in the missile takes over for further propulsion. The missile is guided by a highly advanced inertial navigation system indigenously developed by Research Centre Imarat (RCI) and a radio altimeter for the height determination.

    Nirbhay is able to pick out a target and attack it among multiple targets. The missile has a loitering capability, i.e., it can go round a target and perform several manoeuvres and then re-engage it. It is capable of delivering 24 different types of warheads depending on mission requirements and uses an inertial navigation system for guidance.

    IAS Questions for Prelims: 6 November 2017

    2.Recently, India Pavilion Launched at Cop 23 in Bonn with which of the following theme?

    a.“Conserving Now, Preserving Future”
    b.“Conserving Water, Preserving Future”
    c.“Conserving Rivers, Preserving Future”
    d.“Conserving Atmosphere, Preserving Future”

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The India Pavilion at COP 23 was inaugurated by Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Harsh Vardhan at Bonn in Germany on 6 November 2017. India’s theme for COP 23 “Conserving Now, Preserving Future” takes India’s message forward.

    The India Pavilion at COP 21, Paris and COP 22, Marrakesh showcased climate change related activities under the themes of Climate Justice and Sustainable Lifestyles. This year at COP 23, the India Pavilion focuses on India’s positive climate actions in adaptation, mitigation, clean technology innovation and renewable energy.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3.Consider the following statements regarding the UN Climate Change Conference - COP 23 which will take place 6-17 November 2017 in Bonn, Germany:

    1)Cop 23 will be convened under the Presidency of Fiji.
    2)Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels was one of the targets of Kyoto Protocol of 2007.
    3)To pursue efforts to limit the global average temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels was the target of Paris Summit of 2015.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a.1 and 2
    b.2 and 3
    c.1 and 3
    d.1,2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    COP 23 is critical and maybe the last chance for the developing countries to fight for their right to development and the global carbon space by ensuring that the developed countries act on their pre-2020 commitments.

    Kyoto Protocol 2007 was the first landmark climate change summit which gave specific targets for the countries to follow. Some of the targets set are as follows:
    a)The main feature of the Protocol is that it established legally binding commitments to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases in Annex I Parties.
    b)In order to meet the objectives of the Protocol, Annex I Parties are required to prepare policies and measures for the reduction of greenhouse gases in their respective countries.
    c)Minimizing Impacts on Developing Countries by establishing an adaptation fund for climate change.

    The Paris summit 2015 was also considered as a revival and revaluation of the Kyoto Protocol and set new targets according to the latest studies in renewable energy. Some of the targets set in the Paris Summit are as follows:
    a)Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change;
    b)Increasing the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development, in a manner that does not threaten food production;
    c)Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    4.Recently, India pitches for strong pre-2020 climate action by developed Countries. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1.Under the pre-2020 agenda, the developed countries are to ratify the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (KP II) to undertake greenhouse gas emission cuts.
    2.The pre-2020 agenda also provide finance and technology support to developing countries for enhancing their ambition, found a place on the COP 23 agenda.

    Which of the following above statements is true?

    a.Only 1
    b.Only 2
    c.Both 1 and 2
    d.Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The much forgotten, pre-2020 agenda, under which developed countries are to ratify the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (KP II) to undertake greenhouse gas emission cuts and also provide finance and technology support to developing countries for enhancing their ambition, found a place on the COP 23 agenda.

    Meeting the long-term temperature goal of limiting the temperature rise to 2°C by the end of century requires strong short-term action. Enhanced pre-2020 action will reduce the overall costs and economic challenges for making a transition to low carbon growth pathway and also reduce climate risks and help realize immediate co-benefits such as improved public health as a result of lower air pollution, improved energy security, reduced crop yield losses among others.

    5.Recently, AstroSat has successfully accomplished the extremely difficult task of measuring X-ray polarisation. Consider the following statements regarding the AstroSat:

    1)AstroSat is India’s multi-wavelength space telescope.
    2)ASTROSAT mission is that enables the simultaneous multi-wavelength observations of various astronomical objects with a single satellite.
    3)ASTROSAT observes the universe in the optical and high energy X-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.

    Which of the following above statements is true?

    a.1 and 2
    b.2 and 3
    c.1 and 3
    d.1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    AstroSat, India’s multi-wavelength space telescope, has successfully accomplished the extremely difficult task of measuring X-ray polarisation. The team has documented the results in the Taurus Constellation and measured the variations of polarisation as this highly magnetised object spins around 30 times every second. This landmark measurement puts up a strong challenge to prevailing theories of high energy X-ray emission from pulsars.

    ASTROSAT is India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory. This scientific satellite mission endeavours for a more detailed understanding of our universe. One of the unique features of ASTROSAT mission is that enables the simultaneous multi-wavelength observations of various astronomical objects with a single satellite.

    ASTROSAT observes the universe in the optical, ultraviolet, low and high energy X-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, whereas most other scientific satellites are capable of observing a narrow range of wavelength band.

    IAS Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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