The given IAS questions have been created from the most reliable sources considered for IAS preparation. It has been seen that the questions from the current affairs section have been asked from the sources like The Hindu, PIB and other important sources in IAS Prelims Exam. Here, such questions of current affairs are given which are very important for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.
1. A 14-day joint training exercise “PRABAL DOSTYK – 2017” has been commenced on November 2, 2017, with which of the following country?
A fourteen-day joint training exercise “PRABAL DOSTYK – 2017” between the Indian Army and the Kazakhstan Army commenced today with the Opening Ceremony at Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh. The joint exercise is aimed at enhancing the military ties between the two countries as also at achieving interoperability between the two armies. The training contingents comprise of platoon strength from the 11th Gorkha Rifles of the Indian Army and a similar strength of the Kazakhstan Army.
2. Recently, Ministry of Communications has launched a Pan India scholarship program for school children called Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana to increase the reach of Philately. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. Under the scheme of SPARSH, it is proposed to award annual scholarships to children of Standard VI to IX having good academic record and also pursuing Philately as a hobby through a competitive selection process in all postal circles.
2. The amount of Scholarship will be Rs. 6000/- per annum @ Rs. 500/- per month.
3. Under the scheme, it is proposed to award 920 scholarships to students pursuing Philately as a hobby.
Which of the following above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
Minister of Communications Manoj Sinha launched a Pan India scholarship program for school children called Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana to increase the reach of Philately on 3 November 2017. Under the scheme of SPARSH (Scholarship for Promotion of Aptitude & Research in Stamps as a Hobby), it is proposed to award annual scholarships to children of Standard VI to IX having good academic record and also pursuing Philately as a hobby through a competitive selection process in all postal circles. Under the scheme, it is proposed to award 920 scholarships to students pursuing Philately as a hobby. Every Postal Circle will select a maximum of 40 scholarships representing 10 students each from Standard VI, VII, VIII & IX. The amount of Scholarship will be Rs. 6000/- per annum @ Rs. 500/- per month.
3. Recently, the Indian scientists have discovered the hotspots of rattan or cane (light, flexible climbing palms) species near which of the following Biosphere Reserve?
a. Agastyamalai Biosphere Reserve
b. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
c. Nanda Devi National Park & Biosphere Reserve
d. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
Scientists have discovered that non-protected areas near the Agastyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Silent Valley-Mukurthi National Parks and Coorg-Wayanad in the Western Ghats are hotspots of rattan or cane (light, flexible climbing palms) species. Urgent conservation attention in the face of threats including habitat loss and excessive harvesting would be critical here, warns a study published in Plant Diversity.
More than half a million people are directly employed in harvesting and processing rattan in Southeast Asia, including India. Using location records from field studies and literature, scientists at Bengaluru’s Asoka Trust for Ecology and Environment (ATREE) and Pune's Indian Institute for Science Education and Research (IISER) first mapped the distribution of all 21 endemic rattan species across the Western Ghats. At 19, the Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu have the highest number of species.
4. Which of the following birds, found only in the arid grasslands and scrub lands of central and west-central India including Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, is known for its ability to mimic 34 other bird species?
a. Rose-ringed parakeet
b. Tawny lark
c. Saker Falcon
d. Common Minah
Appearances are deceptive, and unbelievably so for the tiny Tawny lark: the dull brown-coloured bird that is small enough to fit in your palm can imitate calls of 34 other birds found in its habitat, and even shepherds’ whistles.
Many birds mimic the calls of other birds to impress females during territorial displays, to discourage competing species from using the area and to teach their young to associate the calls of other birds with danger. The diminutive crested Tawny lark – found only in the arid grasslands and scrub lands of central and west-central India including Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra – belongs to a family of larks well-known for their mimicking abilities.
A team of scientists from Cornell University and the Bombay Natural History Society studied the flight songs of these birds in Gujarat and analysed the acoustics of their calls. They found that male Tawny larks imitate the calls of 34 other bird species, including babblers and lapwings, with varied accuracy.
5. Recently, the State Cabinet of which of the following states has approved a Blackbuck Conservation Reserve in the Meja Forest Division?
a. Madhya Pradesh
c. Uttar Pradesh
A wildlife conservation reserve dedicated exclusively to the blackbuck or Antilope cervicapra is coming up in Uttar Pradesh. The State Cabinet has approved a Blackbuck Conservation Reserve in the Meja Forest Division, in the Trans-Yamuna region of Allahabad near the Madhya Pradesh border, known for its rocky, undulating and arid terrain.
The conservation reserve will occupy 126 hectares. This would consist of 88 hectares under the Khamariya and Mahukikala gram sabhas, and 38 hectares of adjoining forest land. A herd of around 350 blackbucks is estimated to inhabit in the region, a senior government official said.
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