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Indian Polity Quiz for IAS Exam: Functions and Powers of a Governor Part 2

Feb 20, 2018 18:56 IST
    Indian Polity Quiz for IAS Exam Functions and Powers of a Governor
    Indian Polity Quiz for IAS Exam Functions and Powers of a Governor

    The IAS aspirants need better and precise study material for IAS Exam which consist of questions based on the pattern of UPSC IAS Exam.IAS aspirants should follow such IAS study materials which can provide a better solution for every stage of IAS Exam. Here, we have provided Indian Polity questions for IAS Prelims Exam for the topic- ‘functions and powers of a Governor of a state’.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Consider the following executive powers and functions of the Governor:
    1. Governor appoints and removes the chairman and members of the state public service commission.
    2. Governor can seek any information relating to the administration of the affairs of the state and proposals for legislation from the chief minister.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The executive powers and functions of the Governor are:

    • All executive actions of the government of a state are formally taken in his name.

    • He can make rules specifying the manner in which the Orders and other instruments made and executed in his name shall be authenticated.

    • He can make rules for more convenient transaction of the business of a state government and for the allocation among the ministers of the same business.

    • He appoints the chief minister and other ministers. They also hold office during his pleasure. There should be a Tribal Welfare minister in the states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha appointed by him.

    • He appoints the advocate general of a state and determines his remuneration. The advocate general holds office during the pleasure of the governor.

    • He appoints the state election commissioner and determines his conditions of service and tenure of office. However, the state election commissioner can be removed only in like manner and on the like grounds as a judge of a high court.

    • He appoints the chairman and members of the state public service commission. However, they can be removed only by the president and not by a governor.

    • He can seek any information relating to the administration of the affairs of the state and proposals for legislation from the chief minister.

    • He can require the chief minister to submit for the consideration of the council of ministers any matter on which a decision has been taken by a minister but which has not been considered by the council.

    • He can recommend the imposition of constitutional emergency in a state to the president.

    • During the period of President’s rule in a state, the governor enjoys extensive executive powers as an agent of the President.

    • He acts as the chancellor of universities in the state. He also appoints the vice-chancellors of universities in the state.

    IAS Exam 2018 | Exam Pattern| Preparation | Syllabus | Study Material

    2. Consider the following statements regarding the legislative powers of the Governor:
    1. He can summon or prorogue the state legislature and dissolve the state legislative assembly.
    2. He can address the state legislature at the commencement of the first session after each general election and the first session of each year.
    3. He can nominate one member to the state legislature assembly from the Anglo-Indian Community.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    A governor is an integral part of the state legislature. In that capacity, he has the following legislative powers and functions:

    • He can summon or prorogue the state legislature and dissolve the state legislative assembly.

    • He can address the state legislature at the commencement of the first session after each general election and the first session of each year.

    • He can send messages to the house or houses of the state legislature, with respect to a bill pending in the legislature or otherwise.

    • He can appoint any member of the State legislative assembly to preside over its proceedings when the offices of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker fall vacant. Similarly, he can appoint any member of the state legislature council to preside over its proceedings when the offices of both Chairman and Deputy Chairman fall vacant.

    • He nominates one-sixth of the members of the state legislative council from amongst persons having special knowledge or practical experience in literature, science, art, cooperative movement and social service.

    • He can nominate one member to the state legislature assembly from the Anglo-Indian Community.

    • He decides on the question of disqualification of members of the state legislature in consultation with the Election Commission.

    Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy

    3. Consider the following statements regarding the judicial powers of Governor:
    1. He can grant pardons, reprieves, respites and remissions of punishment or suspend, remit and commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the state extends.
    2. He is consulted by the president while appointing the judges of the concerned state high court.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The judicial powers and functions of the governor are:

    • He can grant pardons, reprieves, respites and remissions of punishment or suspend, remit and commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the state extends.

    • He is consulted by the president while appointing the judges of the concerned state high court.

    • He makes appointments, postings and promotions of the district judges in consultation with the state high court.

    • He also appoints persons to the judicial service of the state (other than district judges) in consultation with the state high court and the State Public Service Commission.

    Indian Polity Questions on Preamble, States committee, Fundamental Rights, Freedom of Press, amendment of the constitution

    4. Consider the following statements regarding the Veto Powers of Governor regarding an Ordinary Bill:
    1. He may give his assent to the bill, but the bill cannot be termed as an act.
    2. He may withhold his assent to the bill, the bill then ends and does not become an act.
    3. He may return the bill for reconsideration of the House or Houses. If the bill is passed by the House or Houses again with or without amendments and presented to the governor for his assent, the governor must give his assent to the bill. Thus, the governor enjoys only a ‘suspensive veto’.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Veto Powers of Governor:

    Every ordinary bill, after it is passed by the legislative assembly in case of a unicameral legislature or by both the Houses in case of a bicameral legislature either in the first instance or in the second instance, is presented to the governor for his assent. He has four alternatives:

    • He may give his assent to the bill, the bill then becomes an act.

    • He may withhold his assent to the bill; the bill then ends and does not become an act.

    • He may return the bill for reconsideration of the House or Houses. If the bill is passed by the House or Houses again with or without amendments and presented to the governor for his assent, the governor must give his assent to the bill. Thus, the governor enjoys only a ‘suspensive veto’.

    • He may reserve the bill for the consideration of the President.

    5. Consider the following statements regarding the Veto Powers of Governor regarding an Money Bill:
    1. He may give his assent to the bill, the bill then becomes an act.
    2. He cannot withhold his assent to the money bill.
    3. He may reserve the bill for the consideration of the president.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 3
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Every money bill, after it is passed by the state legislature unicameral or bicameral), is presented to the governor for his assent. He has three alternatives:

    • He may give his assent to the bill, the bill then becomes an act.

    • He may withhold his assent to the bill; the bill then ends and does not become an act.

    • He may reserve the bill for the consideration of the president.

    IAS Prelims Exam 2018 : GS Indian Polity : Study Material

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