Maharashtra Board HSC Environmental Education Syllabus and Marks Allotment

Students can know here Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus for Environmental Education subject including Pattern and Marks weightage for each chapter for Class 11th as well as Class 12th.

Created On: Jun 21, 2018 18:35 IST
Maharashtra Board HSC Environmental Education Syllabus
Maharashtra Board HSC Environmental Education Syllabus

The syllabus of Maharashtra Board HSC Environmental Education subject is available here for Class 11th and Class 12th. The Environmental Education is one of the Compulsory subjects for all streams i.e. Arts, Commerce and Science and has been designed on suggestions of National Focus Group on Habitat and Learning and the National Curriculum Frame work (NCF-2005). The syllabus of Maharashtra Board HSC Environment Education is based on curriculum prescribed by National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT) as it is the nodal agency for the subject Environment Education as per the directive of Supreme Court. Therefore, the Environmental Education Syllabus of Maharashtra board HSC has been designed by NCERT considering the state’s needs and requirements. Moreover, there are separate books especially prepared for Class 11th and Class 12th to make it friendlier and practically applicable to students. The subject is based on various environmental education related activities and also, Journal assignments have been included to make the students’ learning assessment process easy.

Features of Maharashtra Board HSC Environmental Education subject:

  • There is no theory paper for Environmental Education subject of Class 11th and Class 12th
  • The Environmental Education subject of Maharashtra HSC level has been given weightage of 50 marks.
  • There will be only Seminar or Journal and Assignment Project work carrying the weightage of 20 marks and 30 marks respectively.

Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus for Environmental Education Subject –

Maharashtra Board HSC Environmental Education Syllabus for Class 11th



Unit 1: People and Environment

  • Humans as an integral part of the environment
  • Growth in human numbers over historical times
  • Migrations of people
  • Dispersion of human populations
  • Rural and urban settlements
  • Environment and health
  • Gender and environment

Unit 2:  Institutions (Social, Economic, Political, Legal, Cultural) and Environment

  • Evolution of technology, social, economic and political organisation, and growing resource demands
  • Impact of economic growth on environment
  • Inequitable economic growth, poverty and environment
  • India as a country where many different modes of resource co-exist
  • Open access, community controlled, private and state management of resources
  • Evolution of environmental concerns in different societies over the course of history India’s manifold traditions of conservation and sustainable use
  • Shift of environmental regulation from nature worship, customary law to Wildlife Act, Forest Conservation Act, Environmental Impact Assessment and Biological Diversity Act, etc.
  • Tools of environmental management, efficiency of resource use, sustaining harvests, pollution control
  • Concept of sustainable development
  • Concept of sustainable consumption
  • Ecological footprints
  • International economic regimes, forces of globalisation
  • International regimes of environmental regulation, Framework Convention on Climate Change, Law of Sea, Trans-boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, etc.

Unit 3: Knowledge, Science, Technology and Environment

  • Growth of knowledge and human colonisation of new environments
  • Growth of knowledge and use of newer resources
  • Growth of knowledge, control of diseases and population growth
  • Implications of intellectual property rights for environment
  • Biotechnology, agriculture, health and environment
  • Intellectual property rights over living organisms Traditional indigenous knowledge, its implication for environment

Unit 4: Man-made Artefacts and Environment

  • Technological advances and ever accelerating pace of manufacture of artefacts
  • Impact of agriculture, animal husbandry, aquaculture
  • Impact of agrochemicals on environment
  • Impact of industry, mining, transport
  • Generation and provision of energy, water and other natural resources
  • Impact of synthetic chemicals
  • Life cycle analysis of: Newspaper, household consumables, house construction, transport, personal computer, cell phones, etc.

Maharashtra Board HSC Economics Syllabus, Pattern and Marks Allotment
Maharashtra Board HSC Environmental Education Syllabus for Class 12th



Unit 1: Exosphere (Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere)

  • Sustainable and non-sustainable use of renewable and non-renewable natural resources, such as water and minerals
  • Changing patterns of land use and land cover
  • Management of gaseous, solid, liquid and hazardous wastes
  • Air, water (fresh and marine), soil pollution – sources and consequences
  • Noise and radiation pollution – sources and consequences
  • Ozone layer depletion and its effect
  • Greenhouse effect; global warming and climatic change and its effects
  • Disasters - natural (earthquakes, droughts, floods, cyclones, landslides) and manmade (technological and industrial); their impact on the environment; prevention, control and mitigation
  • Strategies for reducing pollution and improving the environment

Unit 2: Biosphere (Ecosystems and Biological Population)

  • Sustainable and non-sustainable use of biological populations
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Impact of Genetically Modified Organisms
  • Deforestation, overgrazing, over fishing
  • Concept and value of biodiversity
  • Components of biodiversity – genes, species, and ecosystems
  • Landscape ecology
  • India as a mega diversity nation
  • Economic potential of biodiversity
  • Loss of biodiversity - threatened, endangered and extinct species
  • Strategies for conservation of biodiversity – in situ and ex situ
  • Mitigating the people-wildlife conflict

Unit 3: Energy, Material, Information Flows

  • Changing global patterns of energy and water consumption - from ancient to modern times
  • Energy and water consumption and quality of life
  • Rising demand for energy, and water, gap between demand and supply (Indian context)
  • Conventional and non-conventional energy sources - potential (Indian context) and limitations of each source, methods of harnessing and environmental consequences of their use with special reference to Indian context Energy conservation - efficiency in production, transportation and utilisation of energy
  • Planning and management of energy; future sources of energy - hydrogen, alcohol, fuel cells
  • Enhancing efficiency of devices and optimising energy utilisation
  • Modern Information Communication Technology Revolution and environment

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