1. Home
  2. |  
  3. MBA |  

MBA Verbal Ability Questions & Answers – Reading Comprehension Set-I

Jul 5, 2016 12:33 IST

    Passage - 1

    India has opposed a move for Internet to be managed by ICANN—it governs the domain names for websites—while favouring a multi-stakeholder model to oversee the World Wide Web. “The Internet must remain plural. It must be managed by multi-layer and multi-stakeholder system,” telecom minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said in a video address to the meeting of Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) that began on Sunday in Buenos Aires. He also said India not only supports the multi-stakeholder model, but also encourages others to support it. More than 1,400 members of the global Internet community are meeting this week to discuss and debate the future of ICANN and Internet governance. This is a significant step forward, because India has rarely expressed its stance on Internet governance on a global platform. Its position might appear contrary to India’s traditional stance of democratising governance but this is the right choice.

    The pitfalls of state-controlled governance of the net are obvious. The states eager to have a say in how the net would be controlled include many that curtail freedoms of citizens. Their eagerness could impose restrictions on how people elsewhere use the net, if they are given control. In a multi-stakeholder process, all stakeholders—individuals, groups, outfits including businesses, governments, research institutes and NGOs—are actively involved. Decision making is based on consensus, and transparency and accountability are the keys.

    India has favoured creation of a contract company amenable to global stakeholders. The Indian suggestion is that under the new system, the body managing Internet should have “accountability towards governments” in areas where “governments have primary responsibility, such as security and similar public policy concerns”. India has also raised concerns over jurisdiction in case there is any dispute among people affected by Internet. While abuse of powers by governments must be zealously watched, there should be no quarrel with their legitimate concerns on public policies. India’s stand on a multi-stakeholder model of Internet governance has been broadly supported by the ICANN president and CEO but there are bones of contention on the specifics of governance.

    1. According to the passage, the main objective of introducing the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is strengthening:

    a) Democratic Governance in India

    b) Internet Governance in India

    c) Economic Governance in India

    d) Corporate Governance in India

    2. According to the passage, which of the following elements needed for implementing multi-stakeholder model?

    a) Consensus and Transparency

    b) Transparency and Accountability

    c) Consensus and Accountability

    d) Consensus, Transparency and Accountability

    3. In reference to the passage, what does the phrase ‘bone of contention’ means?

    a) To take on a task that is way too big.

    b) Dealing with the problem if and when it becomes necessary.

    c) A subject or issue over which there is continuing disagreement.

    d) When you are extremely desperate you need to take drastic actions.

    4. What is the drawback of the state-controlled Internet governance?

    a) Increasing people’s freedom to the Internet access.

    b) Restricting people’s freedom to the Internet access.

    c) Supporting people’s freedom to the Internet access.

    d) Blocking people’s freedom to the Internet access.

    5. According to the passage, India is in the favor of creating:

    a) Single-stakeholder model of Internet governance.

    b) Broker business model of Internet governance.

    c) Multi-stakeholder model of Internet governance.

    d) Creator business model of Internet governance.

    Passage - 2

    If one were to go by the Meteorological Department’s latest monsoon forecast, rainfall deficit in the country has widened to 10 per cent as a result of the strengthening El Nino, a cyclical weather pattern triggered by the warming of oceans. El Nino-2015, said to be the strongest since 1997, is expected to last well into 2016. This means that India could be heading towards its first major drought in six years. Though agriculture accounts for only 15 per cent of our gross domestic product, nearly three-fifths of our population depends on it for survival. The sector is already under stress as continuing farmer suicides painfully inform us. A drought now will be calamitous.

    The portents have already become alarming in Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar. Immediate action by the Centre and State governments is necessary to help the farming community. Since more than half the farmland in the country lacks proper irrigation facilities, it is the June-September rainfall that mainly decides a farmer’s annual income. While relief should be the top priority, concerted efforts are also needed to ensure that drought does not spur inflation. State agencies should take steps to make essential commodities available to the Aam Aadmi at reasonable prices and drives against black-marketers and hoarders must be prompt and drastic.

    These, vital as they are, can at best be only short-term measures. Long-term action plan to modernize agriculture must be seen as a national priority. Recent reports by eminent scientists have warned of ‘monsoon droughts’ in the next few decades due to the changing climatic conditions. Successive governments in India have failed to address problems arising from the overwhelming dependence of agriculture on monsoons. These are basic issues of survival and yet, in our over-politicized country, governments refuse to look beyond the next election. This must change. Understanding how rivers can be leveraged for agriculture, for movement of goods, for tourism is an essential first step. Extensive use of technology is just as important. The government has changed the name of the Ministry of Agriculture. That cosmetic improvement will be ineffective if it is not followed up with an integrated policy approach to agriculture.

    6. According to the passage, what is the relation between India’s population’s dependency on agriculture and agriculture sectors contribution to India’s GDP?

    a) Positive Relationship

    b) Negative Relationship

    c) Both are neutral to each other

    d) None of the above

    7. What is ‘El Nino’ causing as per the author of the passage?

    a) Floods by the warming of oceans.

    b) Cyclones by the warming of oceans.

    c) Rain Deficit by the warming of oceans.

    d) Earthquakes by the warming of oceans.

    8. According to the author of the passage, what measures should be taken to curb the inflation situation after drought?

    a) Increase the prices of essential commodities.

    b) Decrease the prices of essential commodities.

    c) Arrest the black-marketers and hoarders.

    d) Promote black-marketing and hoarding.

    9. What does the word ‘Portent’ means in the passage?

    a) Signs

    b) Advices

    c) Lessons

    d) Threats

    10. The author of the passage has referred to which thing as a cosmetic improvement?

    a) Extensive use of technology in agriculture.

    b) Ministry of Agriculture changing its name.

    c) Following integrated policy approach towards modernisation of agriculture.

    d) Government taking measure against coping with drought situation.


    Answers:

    Ques 1

    Ques 2

    Ques 3

    Ques 4

    Ques 5

    Ques 6

    Ques 7

    Ques 8

    Ques 9

    Ques 10

    b

    d

    c

    b

    c

    b

    c

    b

    a

    b

    Explanation:

    In this section we will explain the rationale for choosing the answer pertaining to every question. After practicing these MCQ(s), you would be able to understand the concepts of Reading Comprehension.

    Explanation (1): The first paragraph of the passage clearly mentions that the main objective of introducing the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is strengthening Internet Governance in India on a global platform.

    Explanation (2): According to the passage, consensus, transparency and accountability are the elements needed for implementing multi-stakeholder model for Internet Governance in India.

    Explanation (3): The phrase bone of contention means a subject or issue over which there is continuing disagreement.

    Explanation (4): In the second paragraph, it has been clearly mentioned that ‘The states eager to have a say in how the net would be controlled include many that curtail freedoms of citizens”.

    Explanation (5): India opposed a move for Internet to be managed by ICANN—which governs the domain names for websites—while favouring a multi-stakeholder model to oversee the World Wide Web.

    Explanation (6): It has been clearly mentioned in the passage that though agriculture accounts for only 15 per cent of our gross domestic product, nearly three-fifths of our population depends on it for survival.

    Explanation (7): It has been clearly mentioned in the passage that the forecast related to monsoon can be caused by rainfall deficit in the country has widened to 10 per cent as a result of the strengthening El Nino, a cyclical weather pattern triggered by the warming of oceans.

    Explanation (8): The second paragraph clearly states that “State agencies should take steps to make essential commodities available to the Aam Aadmi at reasonable prices and drives against black-marketers and hoarders must be prompt and drastic”.

    Explanation (9): Portent means a sign or warning that a momentous or calamitous event is likely to happen.

    Explanation (10): The last lines of the passage clearly mention that the government has changed the name of the Ministry of Agriculture. That cosmetic improvement will be ineffective if it is not followed up with an integrated policy approach to agriculture.

    Latest Videos

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK
    X

    Register to view Complete PDF