The UPSC will conduct the NDA & NA (II) Exam on 10 September 2017. The exam will consist of two papers – Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The GAT consists of two sections – English and GK.
For the benefit of NDA aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing practice questions on Indian Polity. The answers to the questions along with detailed explanations will help the candidates in improving scores in the GK Section of GAT. The questions are given below.
1. Which of the following elections is not conducted under the supervision of the Election Commission of India?
a) Election of Vice President of India
b) Election of States legislatures
c) Election of local bodies
d) Election of Union Legislature
2. The Ninth Schedule of the Indian Constitution was added by
a) First Amendment
b) Eighth Amendment
c) Ninth Amendment
d) Forty Second Amendment
3. Who among the following is often referred to as the ‘De Jure’ head of the Indian State?
b) Prime Minister
c) Chief Justice of India
d) Vice President of India
4. As per the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental to the governance of the country?
a) Fundamental Rights
b) Fundamental Duties
c) Directive Principles of State Policy
d) Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties
5. Who said that the preamble is the keynote to the constitution?
a) Ernest Barker
b) BR Ambedkar
c) KM Munshi
d) Jawahar Lal Nehru
6. Which of the following is not true regarding the Office of the Chief Election Commissioner of India?
a) President appoints the Chief Election Commissioner of India
b) Chief Election Commissioner is nowhere mentioned in the Constitution of India
c) Chief Election Commissioner’s salary is equal to a judge of the Supreme Court
d) T Swaminathan was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India.
7. Which of the following is not a fundamental duty of Indian citizens?
a) To safeguard public property
b) To protect and improve the natural environment
c) Respecting women
d) To develop the scientific temper and spirit of inquiry
8. The Union Council of Ministers is responsible to the……..
a) Rajya Sabha
c) Lok Sabha
d) Prime Minister
9. Which of the following Government of India Acts is called as the mini constitution of India?
a) Government of India Act, 1919
b) Government of India Act, 1935
c) Government of India Act, 1919
d) Government of India Act, 1909
10. Separate electorate for Muslims was introduced by the
a) Indian Councils Act, 1909
b) Government of India Act, 1919
c) Government of India Act, 1935
d) None of the Above
Answers with Explanations
1. (c) Election of local bodies
As per the Article 243K and 243ZA, State Election Commissions conduct elections to Panchayath Raj Institutions and Urban Local Bodies respectively; these two articles were inserted in the Constitution through 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts respectively.
2. (a) First Amendment
The first amendment to the Indian Constitution added the Ninth Schedule to it. It was introduced by the Nehru Government, on 10 May 1951 to address judicial decisions and pronouncements especially about the chapter on fundamental rights. The schedule seeks to protect legislations from judicial ‘reach’.
3. (a) President
The President is often referred to as the De Jure (nominal) head of the Indian State; In contrast, Prime Minister, is referred to as the ‘De facto’ (real) head.
4. (c) Directive Principles of State Policy
The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) as the name suggests are guiding principles to the governments at all the levels for policy making. However, DPSP, contained in Part IV (Article 36-51) of the Constitution are not enforceable by any court.
5. (a) Ernest Baker
Sir Ernest Barker was an English political scientist who served as Principal of King's College London from 1920 to 1927. He opined that the preamble is the keynote to the constitution.
6. (d) T Swaminathan was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India
India’s first Chief Election Commissioner of India is Sukumar Sen, who occupied the office between 21 March 1950 and 19 December 1958.
7. (c) Respecting women
The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976. They were added upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee. Originally 10 in number, the Fundamental Duties were increased to 11 by the 86th Amendment in 2002, which added a duty on every parent or guardian to ensure that their child or ward was provided opportunities for education between the ages of 6 and 14 years.
8. (c) Lok Sabha
The article 75(3) of the Constitution states that the Council of Minister shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People (Lok Sabha).
9. (b) Government of India Act, 1935
The Government of India Act, 1935 was originally passed in August 1935 and is said to be the longest Act (British) of Parliament ever enacted by that time. Many of its features like autonomous status to provinces, federal constitution, federal court, etc were incorporated in the Constitution of India that came into force on 26 January 1950.
10. (b) Indian Councils Act, 1909
The Act of 1909 stipulated that in councils and in the imperial legislature that only Muslims should vote for candidates for the Muslim seats ('separate electorates').