Powers of an IPS Officer

The IPS post offers immense power to the officer especially some non-mentioned powers to maintain order in the society in the time of crisis. Here, we are providing a detailed account of the powers and duties of an IPS officer.

Powers of an IPS
Powers of an IPS

IPS is a highly respected post in the internal security system of India. Indian Police Services is the most fundamental pillar of Indian democracy. IPS Officer plays the pivotal role in establishing law and order at the grassroots level in the country. The post of an IPS Officer is an achievement in itself.

Performance Appraisal of an IPS

The IPS post offers immense power to the officer especially some non-mentioned powers to maintain order in the society in the time of crisis. The IPS service is not a force itself but provides leaders and commanders to staff the state police and all-India Central Armed Police Forces.

But with great power comes great responsibility, an IPS officer is the head of the all the district level officers Superintendent of Police (SP) and Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP). Moreover, an IPS is in charge of the overall functioning of the district and solving even a slightest malpractice or malfunction in the policing system in held as the part of his duties and responsibilities.

The power structure of an IPS can’t be distinctively categorised but a broad work-zone includes:

Primary Power:

The primary duty is to make sure that people under their jurisdiction are safe. At the district level, an IPS officer works along with an IAS officer to maintain law and order. How to write Essay in IAS Exam?



Some of the most important responsibilities of an IPS officer are

•Preventing crimes
•Preventing accidents (Social, Economic etc)
•Accident management
•Detection of crimes
•Registration for first information report
•Providing security for the transportation of cash
•Taking action against the prosecution and recovery of the stolen things
•Providing permission for loud-speakers, rallies, political/religious functions

How does an IAS officer gets dismissed?

Some Unsaid Powers of an IPS Officer:

The police force is a place where you really can make a difference to society at all levels. In India, moreover, working conditions for the police are far from ideal the supporting technologies are outdated and work has to go on often in most primitive conditions, not to mention within the framework of a legal system that is quite restrictive and very slow moving.

IPS Leads all Security Commands:

IPS Officer leads and commands the Central Police Organizations like Vigilance Organizations, National Security Guards, Intelligence Bureau, CBI, BSF, Indo-Tibetan Border Police and CRPF. For Example, our national security advisor Mr.Ajith Doval was also an IPS officer and now he is the advisor for the PM in defence issue.

IPS officers also play the role of commander for CBI (Central Bureau of Investigation), CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force), NSG (National Security Guard), IB (Intelligence Bureau), BSF (Border Security Forces) and last but not the least, Indo-Tibetan Border Police.

Maintaining Peace:

IPS officers play a pivotal role in maintaining overall peace in the allocated district and they are the indispensable part of decision-making process related to all are peacekeeping actions taken within the city.

Security for VIP’s:

IPS officers are often responsible for the security of VIP’s especially for protection of Chief Ministers and Prime minister as well.

Disaster and crisis management:

It is the responsibility of an IPS officer to make sure the crisis situation is managed effectively by identifying the cause of the disaster and to make sure of the security of the people. For example, in the case of riots or disaster, the IPS officer can hold immediate meetings of the armed forces or NDRF to maintain order in the chaos.

Implement the Laws at the regional level:

IPS officers have to make sure that rules are followed in their allotted district or state, for example, any new environmental laws, health or traffic guideline etc. They have to make sure that all the laws are clear to people and that local police are making sure that all the laws are followed.

Transfer and Posting Policy for an IAS Officer

Prevent even the economic offences:

IPS officers have to make sure that there is no physical or economic harm to properties or people in their allotted area. In order to do that IPS officers have to collaborate with local police services to stay proactive and prevent such mishaps from happening.

Commanding Police Forces and collaborating with the Indian Army:

IPS officers are responsible for commanding state and union territories police forces. They have to sometime coordinate and work along with Indian Army as well in case army is deployed in the region for special purposes.


The job of an IPS calls for plenty of guts but gives little glory. It often requires an IPS officer to go without sleep for days together, with one's wits and reflexes on constant call. IPS comes in contact with the worst of society and occasionally the best. Being part of the police is no easy task at any level.

While the IAS is a generalist service, the IPS focuses exclusively on matters of law and order although this provides for a wider canvass to perform than most of us might think. A police officer could be doing anything from organising traffic duties to managing the regulations to drive the commercial and civil life and protecting the lives and property of citizens.

An IPS officer constantly deals with people, so good interpersonal and people management skills are important but he should also be able to make quick yet sensitive judgments about people and keep his cool under pressure.

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