Common Admission test is conducted by one of the IIMs every year for admission to various reputed MBA colleges. Over 3 lakhs aspirants sit for it. It has been the first choice as an entrance examination for MBA Admissions. Find here the Solved Reasoning and Data Interpretation section from CAT 2000 Paper. CAT 2000 had 3 sections in it namely Data Interpretation & Reasoning, Quantitative Aptitude and Verbal Ability. There were 55 questions in this section.
Directions for question 1 to 2:
There are ten short passages given below. Read each of the passages and answer the question that follows it.
1. In a recent report, the gross enrollment ratios at the primary level, that is, the number of children enrolled in classes one to five as a proportion of all children aged 6 to 10, were shown to be very high for most states; in many cases they were way above 100 percent! These figures are not worth anything, since they are based on the official enrollment data compiled from school records. They might as well stand for 'gross exaggeration ratios'. Which one of the following options best supports the claim that the ratios are exaggerated?
1) The definition of gross enrolment ratio does not exclude, in its numerator, children below 6 years or above 10 years enrolled in classes one to five.
2) A school attendance study found that many children enrolled in the school records were not meeting a minimum attendance requirement of 80 percent.
3) A study estimated that close to 22 percent of children enrolled in the class one records were below 6 years of age and still to start going to school.
4) Demographic surveys show shifts in the population profiles which indicate that the number of children in the age group 6 to 10 years is declining.
2. Szymanski suggests that the problem of racism in football may be present even today. He begins by verifying an earlier hypothesis that clubs' wage bills explain 90% of their performance. Thus, if players' salaries were to be only based on their abilities, clubs that spend more should finish higher. If there is pay discrimination against some group of player-fewer teams bidding for black players thus lowering the salaries for blacks with the same ability as whites-that neat relation may no longer hold. He concludes that certain clubs seem to have achieved much less than what they could have, by not recruiting black players. Which one of the following findings would best support Szymanski's conclusion?
1) Certain clubs took advantage of the situation by hiring above-average shares of black players.
2) Clubs hired white players at relatively high wages and did not show proportionately good performance.
3) During the study period, clubs in towns with a history of discrimination against blacks, underperformed relative to their wage bills.
4) Clubs in one region, which had higher proportions of black players, had significantly lower wage bills than their counterparts in another region which had predominantly white players.