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UPSC IAS Exam 2016 : Econoic Survey Questions 2015 -16: Social Sector

May 28, 2016 17:08 IST

    UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Prelims Exam will be conducted on 7 August 2016 and Civil Services aspirants are getting sleepless nights for the upcoming UPSC Prelims Exam. The Economics plays a major role in the whole IAS Preparation and Economic Survey is an important source of Economics questions as appear in the IAS Prelims Exam.

    Special emphasis is paid on the Social initiatives taken by the govenrment in the recent times especially the social schemes started by the government. It is because the syllabus is oriented towards the Socio-Economic Developments in the Indian Society.

    Q.1 Consider the following statements

    1.In 2013-2014 expenditure on health was 4.6% of expenditure on social services.
    2.In 2013-2014 Uttar Pradesh had second highest share in expenditure on education.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation: There has not been any significant change in the expenditure on health as a proportion of GDP and it has remained stagnant at less than 2 per cent during the same period. During 2013-14, out of the total expenditure on social services, 11.6 per cent was spent on education, while 4.6 per cent was spent on health. Tamil Nadu had the highest share in the expenditure of about 12 per cent, followed by Uttar Pradesh with a share of 8.67 per cent and Gujarat with 6.67 per cent.

    Q.2  Consider the following statements regarding digital gender Atlas

    1. It has been developed with partnership of (ITU).
    2.The gender Atlas is available on the ministry of women and child development.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: d

    Explanation:Digital Gender Atlas for Advancing Girl’s Education in India’ was launched on International Women’s Day in March 2015. The tool has been developed in partnership with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to help identify low-performing geographic pockets for girls, particularly from marginalized groups. The Gender Atlas is available on the Ministry of Human Resource Development’s website.

    Q.3 Which of the following is/are true about SHRAM SOVIDHA PORTAL?

    1. It launched by private corporate.
    2. It provides transparency in labour inspection scheme.
    3. Unified return filling with EPFO & ESIC.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    a.    Only 1
    b.    Only 1 and 2
    c.    Only 2 and 3
    d.    1,2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation: Shram Suvidha Portal: The features of the Shram Suvidha Portal launched by the Government are: unique Labour Identification Number (LIN) to units/ establishments registered on it transparent labour inspection scheme; unified annual returns under nine central acts and unified electronic challan-cum-return for filling of monthly contribution with Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) & Employee State Insurance Corporation (ESIC). Universal Account Number: As part of the Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Karyakram, portability feature has been launched through the Universal Account Number (UAN) by EPFO.

    Q.4 Consider the following statements

    1. Pradhan mantra kaushal vikas yojana(PMKVY) targets placement linked skill development for poor rural youth.
    2. Deen dayal upadhaya grameen kaushalya yojana targets industry relevant, skill basedtraining and government certification for Indian youth.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: d

    Explanation: The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), which targets offering 24 lakh Indian youth meaningful, industry-relevant, skill-based training and a government certification on successful completion of training along with assessment to help them secure a job for a better future, the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), a placement-linked skill development scheme for rural youth who are poor, as a skilling component of the NRLM has also been launched.

    Q.5 Consider the following statements

    1. Immunisation is one of the goal of MDG.
    2. Percentage of fully immunised children is lower in urban areas compared to rural areas.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: b

    Explanation: Immunization is one of the thrust areas of the child health programme of the Government to achieve Goal 4 of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing the
    child mortality. The percentage of children who are fully immunized is lower in urban areas compared to rural areas in majority of the States , indicating that although the private sector is more wide spread in urban areas, the availability of preventive health care is through the public health system, which needs strengthening in urban areas.

    Q.6 Which of the following  diseases is/are covered under vaccination programme of mission Indradhanush?

    1. Dengue.
    2. Hepatitis-B
    3. Tuberculosis.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 1 and 2
    c. Only 2 and 3
    d. 1,2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation: Targeting coverage of all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against seven vaccine-preventable diseases which include diphtheria, whooping
    cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B, Mission Indradhanush was launched in December 2014. In addition, vaccination against Japanese Encephalitis and Haemophilus influenza type B will be provided in selected districts/states of the country.

    Q.7 With reference to government steps in prevention health care, Which of the following  disease is/are covered in this direction?

    1.  Cataract surgery for blindness control.
    2.  Detection and treatment of MDR-TB.
    3.  Detection and treatment of Leprosy.

    Select the correct answer from the following codes

    a.    Only 1
    b.    Only 1 and 2
    c.    Only 2 and 3
    d.    1,2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:  As preventive health care has always been a priority area because of its long-term societal benefits, Government has taken several steps in the direction of preventive health care to reduce the burden of diseases in India. Some of the important programmes aimed at investigation/screening and treatment cover Malaria; Kala-azar, Filaria, Dengue; Japanese Encephalitis and Chikungunya; detection and treatment for Tuberculosis including MDRTB; detection and treatment for Leprosy; detection, treatment and counselling for HIV/AIDs; and cataract surgery for blindness control.

    Q.8 Jan aushadhi scheme is about:

    a. Providing quality of generic medicines at affordable prices.
    b. Providing affordable treatment to MDR-TB.
    c. Providing hospitalised care to pregnant women.
    d. Providing quality and fimely medicines for communicable diseases.

    Answer: a

    Explanation: Jan Aushadhi Scheme’ for providing quality generic medicines at affordable prices in collaboration with the State Governments has also been launched.

    Click here for More Economic Survey Questions

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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