Current Affairs 11 April 2019 Digest 2: Kohli, Mandhana tops Wisden Cricketers list; Meteorite study reveals facts
Afghanistan’s Rashid Khan has been named as Wisden’s Leading Twenty20 Cricketer in the World for the second year in a row.
Story 1: Kohli, Mandhana named Wisden’s leading Cricketers of the Year
Indian cricketer Virat Kohli on April 10, 2019 was named The Wisden Almanack’s Leading Cricketer of the Year for 2018. At the same level Smriti Mandhana won the Women’s Leading Cricketer award. Now Kohli has won the title thrice, is third only to Sir Don Bradman and Jack Hobbs who have won it 10 and eight times respectively.
Virat Kohli has been named among England’s Rory Burns, Jos Buttler, Sam Curran and Tammy Beaumont in receiving the honour Wisden’s Five Cricketers of the Year.
- Kohli scored 2735 runs at 68.37 across all formats in 2018, while Mandhana, scored 1291 runs across limited overs format, including 13 fifties.
- According to the Wisden data, Kohli topped the run charts in India’s 4-1 Test series defeat to England last summer. On the naming of the batsman as one of Wisden’s Five Cricketers of the Year.
- Afghanistan’s Rashid Khan has been named as Wisden’s Leading Twenty20 Cricketer in the World for the second year in a row.
- He took 22 wickets at an average of 8.68 for Afghanistan in T20Is, besides scalping 21 wickets in the Indian Premier League 2018.
- The Five Cricketers of the Year are chosen by Lawrence Booth, the editor of the Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack, with the 2019 version serving as the 156th edition.
Virat Kohli’s records-2018
On October 24, 2018, Kohli became the fastest cricketer to score 10,000 runs in One-Day Internationals. He scored his 10,000th run during his unbeaten knock of 157 against the West Indies in Visakhapatnam.
In January this year, Kohli became the first player in the history of the game to win the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC Cricketer of the Year, his second consecutive, the ICC Test and the ODI Player of the Year awards following an extraordinary 2018.
Smriti Mandhana's records-2018
- Wisden says that Smriti Mandhana rose to prominence in 2018 with a string of eye-catching innings for India, racking up more runs – 1,291 – than anyone in the limited-overs formats. She passed 50 on 13 occasions.
- Mandhana was instrumental in India’s semi-final appearance at the Women’s World T20 in the West Indies, where she scored 178 runs in five matches at a strike-rate of 125.35.
- Mandhana became only the second India woman player to win an ICC award after fast bowler Jhulan Goswami, who was named the ICC Player of the Year in 2007.
The Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack – often labelled the “Bible of cricket” – is an annual publication founded in 1864. The Five Cricketers of the Year, a feature since 1889, form the game’s hall of fame, and the almanack has named the Leading Cricketer in the World for the previous calendar year since 2004.
John Wisden, a.k.a. “the Little Wonder”, was a prominent cricketer of the mid-nineteenth century. In 1850, he took ten wickets in an innings, all bowled, in a North vs South encounter at Lord’s. It remains a record in first-class cricket. John Wisden sold sports equipment from his London shop before branching out into publishing, producing the inaugural Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack in 1864.
Story 2: Meteorite study reveals Sun’s early years
After analysing a meteorite by researchers, it has been found that Sun was able to generate super-flares during initial years. These were a million times strongest solar flares than the recorded at the 1859 Carrington event. Carrington Event was a solar storm happened during solar cycle 1855–1867.
- Researchers found that asolar flare is a sudden flash of increased brightness on the Sun, sometimes they are also accompanied by a coronal mass ejection.
- It was estimated that these super-flares must have taken place 4.5 billion years ago when the Sun was barely forming.
- Researchers also inferred that irradiation by such superflares from the Sun is the sources of elements like beryllium-7.
- Among the first-formed solids of the solar system were the calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAI). The CAIs are nearly 4.5 billion years old.
What is Meteorite?
A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon. When the object enters the atmosphere, various factors such as friction, pressure, and chemical interactions with the atmospheric gases cause it to heat up and radiate that energy. It then becomes a meteor and forms a fireball, also known as a shooting star or falling star.
What is Coronal Mass Ejection?
- A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a significant release of plasma and accompanying magnetic field from the solar corona. They are often followed by solar flares.
- Solar Flares on reaching earth causes spectacular light shows by interacting with the earth’s magnetic field called Aurora’s.
- Solar Flares can also disrupt radio transmission and harm satellites in orbit.