India has been placed at the 81st spot among 180 nations in the global Corruption Perception Index for 2017, which was recently released by Transparency International.
The report has, in fact, named India among the worst offenders in terms of graft and press freedom in the Asia Pacific region.
About the Index
The index ranks 180 countries and territories on the basis of their perceived levels of public sector corruption.
The index uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean.
Report: Key Highlights
• The index placed India at the 81st place. In the 2016, India was ranked at the 79th position among 176 countries.
• India's score in the latest ranking, however, remained unchanged at 40. In 2015, the score was 38.
• According to Transparency International, in some countries across the Asia Pacific region, journalists, activists, opposition leaders and even staff of law enforcement or watchdog agencies are threatened, and in the worst cases, even murdered.
• The agency reports that in this respect, Philippines, India and the Maldives were found to be among the worst regional offenders.
• All the three nations scored high in corruption and were found to have fewer press freedoms and higher numbers of journalist deaths.
• According to Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), in the last six years, 15 journalists working on corruption stories in these countries were murdered.
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Highest Ranked Nations
• New Zealand was ranked first with a score of 89 followed by Denmark at the 2nd position with a score of 88.
• Three nations -Finland, Norway and Switzerland were tied for the 3rd position, as they all had the same score of 85.
• Singapore and Sweden were on the hand tied for the 6th position with the same score of 84.
• Other three nations in the top 10 least corrupt countries included Canada, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, all of whom had the same score of 82.
• The United Kingdom also had a score of 82, one up from its previous score of 81 in 2016.
• The United States of America also improved its last year’s score of 74 by one point to get 75 this time.
• Among the South Asian nations, Bhutan was the highest ranked at the 26th position with a score of 67.
Lowest Ranked Nations
• Somalia at 180th position was the lowest ranked nation in the corruption index with a score of just 9.
• It was followed by South Sudan and Syria at 179th and 178th positions with a score of 12 and 14 respectively.
• Afghanistan, with a score of 15 was the lowest ranked South Asian nation at the 177th position.
• Several countries from the Sub Saharan Africa region were found to be among the most corrupt nations.
• China with a score of 41 was ranked 77th on the list, while Brazil with a score of 37 was placed at 96th position.
• Pakistan with a score of 32 was placed at the 117th position.
• Russia was placed at the 135th place with a score of 29.
Further analysis of the results revealed that the countries with the least protection for press and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) tend to have the worst rates of corruption.
The data showed that in the last six years, 9 out of 10 journalists were killed in countries that score 45 or less on the index.