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India-China signed sixteen agreements during the visit of Chinese President Xi Jingping to India

Sep 19, 2014 12:12 IST

India and China signed sixteen agreementsIndia and China signed sixteen agreements to strengthen the strategic and bilateral relations between the two countries. Of these sixteen, thirteen were signed on 18 September 2014 in New Delhi and the three others were signed in Gujarat on 17 September 2014.  

These agreements were signed in the presence of President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jingping and Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi. The agreements were signed during the three-day state visit of President of China from 17 September to 19 September 2014.


List of Documents signed during the State Visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to India are

S.No

Name of Agreement/MoU

Brief of documents of the Agreement/MoU

1.

Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of External Affairs of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China on Opening a New Route for Indian Pilgrimage (Kailash Mansarovar Yatra) to the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China

The MoU provides for conducting the annual Kailash Manasarovar Yatra through Nathula Pass in Sikkim addition to the existing Lipulekh Pass in Uttarakhand. The route through Nathula will augment the capacity and reduce the hardship and journey time enabling many more pilgrims in particular aged pilgrims to undertake the Yatra.

2.

Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Railways of the Government of Republic of India and the Government of People’s Republic of China on strengthening cooperation in Railways

Under the MoU, both sides have agreed to enhance cooperation in the Railway sector in following areas: (i)speed-raising, (ii)studying feasibility of cooperation in High-Speed Railways, (iii)Heavy-Haul transportation training of Indian Railway personnel, (iv)Redevelopment of Railway stations, (v)setting up of a Railway University in India, etc.

3.

Action Plan between Ministry of Railways of the Government of Republic of India and the National Railway Administration of the Government of People’s Republic of China on strengthening cooperation in Railways

It provides specific projects for cooperation in railway sector.

4.

Five year Trade and Economic Development Plan between Ministry of Commerce and Industry of the Government of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Commerce of the Government of the People’s Republic of China

It lays down a medium term roadmap for promoting balanced and sustainable development of economic and trade relations between China and India, on the principle of equality and mutual benefit. The main objectives of the plan are: (i) reduction of bilateral trade imbalance; (ii) strengthen investment cooperation to realize US$ 20 billion investment from China in 5 years; (iii) a transparent, stable and investor friendly business environment; and (iv) enhanced cooperation between Chambers of Commerce and financial sectors.

5.

Agreed Minutes of the Tenth Session of India-China Joint Economic Group

The tenth Session of the India-China Joint Group on Economic Relations, Trade, Science and Technology (JEG) was held in Beijing on 2nd September 2014. Both sides held detailed discussions on issues to promote broad and deep bilateral trade and economic cooperation between India and China and agreed to undertake measures to achieve sustainable and balanced trade. Specific measures to enhance market access to Indian products such as agricultural, pharmaceutical and export of services will be expedited.

6.

Agreement on Audio-Visual Co-production between The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of the Republic of India and the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television of The People's Republic of China

The Agreement would enable the producers from both countries to get an opportunity to pool their creative, artistic, technical, financial and marketing resources to co-produce films. It would held Indian audio-visual products to gain greater market access.

7.

Agreement
between the Government of the Republic of India
and the Government of the People’s Republic of China
On mutual administrative assistance and co-operation in Customs matters

The Agreement will help in enhancing cooperation to fight trans-border economic crimes and custom offences through sharing of information. It would also facilitate trade through enhanced customs cooperation.

8.

Memorandum of Understanding between Indian Space Research Organisation and China National Space Administration on Cooperation in the Peaceful use of Space

The MoU enables both sides to encourage exchange and cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes, including Research and development of scientific experiment satellites, remote sensing satellites and communications satellites.

9.

Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Culture of the People’s Republic of China on Strengthening the Exchange and Cooperation between Cultural Institutions

This MOU is intended to foster long-term collaboration between various cultural institutions of the two countries. These cultural institutions include museums, archaeological organizations and performing art centers.

10.

Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation between National Book Trust of the Republic of India and the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television of The People's Republic of China

Both sides have agreed that China will participate in the New Delhi World Book Fair 2016 as the Guest of Honour Country. The Agreement will help provide greater access to their nationals of publications of the other side.

11.

Work Plan on Drug Administration and Cooperation
Between China Food and Drug Administration of the People’s Republic of China
And Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of the Republic of India

Under the work plan, the two sides will carry out cooperation in fields of drug standards, traditional medicine and drug testing, etc. Both sides will exchange delegations to enhance cooperation in this area.

12.

Agreement on establishing Sister City relationship between Mumbai and Shanghai

Establishes Sister-City relations between Mumbai and Shanghai. It will enhance people-to-people exchanges fostering greater mutual understanding.

13.

Memorandum of Understanding between Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation and Beiqi Foton Motor Co. Ltd. on supporting the setting up of industrial parks in Maharashtra

The MoU would lead to setting up of a 1250 acre Industrial Park near Pune, Maharashtra, providing cluster-type development and generation of employment for a large number of people.

14.

Agreement on establishing Sister Province/State relationship between Gujarat and Guangdong
(Signed in Gujarat)

Establishes Sister-Province/State relations between Gujarat and Guangdong. It will enhance people-to-people exchanges fostering greater mutual understanding.

15.

Agreement on establishing Sister City relationship between Ahmedabad and Guangzhou

(Signed in Gujarat)

Establishes Sister-City relations between Ahmedabad and Guangzhou. It will enhance people-to-people exchanges fostering greater mutual understanding.

16.

Memorandum of Understanding between China Development Bank Corporation and iNDEXTb on supporting the setting up of industrial parks in Gujarat

(Signed in Gujarat)

The MoU would lead to setting up of Industrial Parks in Gujarat with the support of Chinese enterprises and provide a platform for cluster development and generate employment for a large number of people.


Apart from these agreements, the two countries also had discussion on the border issue shared by the two nations that is also termed as LAC (Line of Actual Control). During the talks, the two leaders agreed and committed to resolve the border dispute through friendly consultation at an early date, so that peace and cooperation between the two countries lasts long.

However, in relation to repeated incursions by Chinese troops in the Indian side, Xi described that as the border between the two countries is not demarcated so such incidents would occur but both sides are much capable of effectively managing the situation through border-related mechanisms, so that they do not have big impact on the bilateral relations of the two countries.

Commentary and Analysis
These sixteen pacts between India and China will enhance the diplomatic relations between the two countries. Xi Jingping is the first President of China to visit India in past eight years and also the first Chinese leader to be given a public reception in six decades. Last such kind of public welcome was given to Zhou Enlai on 28 June 1954. But after that visit of Enlai, the two countries saw 1962 war on its border. This time also the same kind of welcome was given to Xi Jing Ping but during his visit the army of the two nations faced off each other in at Spanggur Gap in south-eastern Ladakh in crucial Chumar region of Jammu and Kashmir. These incursions are being repeated even after the two sides in 2005 signed a protocol on Modalities for the Implementation of Confidence Building Measures in the Military Field Along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas.

It’s time to see forward that the issue related to border sharing and repeated incursions will come to an end with discussions and talks or else end with a similar war unlike 1962. The true meaning of the term Inch towards Miles defined by Narendra Modi in terms of India-China ties is dependent on the development and changes in the diplomatic and strategic relations of the two nations.

Is this article important for exams ? Yes23 People Agreed

DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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