9 August: International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples
The International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples was observed across the world on August 9, 2018 with an aim to strengthen international cooperation for solving problems faced by indigenous peoples in areas such as human rights, the environment, education, health and social development.
The theme of 2018 International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples was ‘Indigenous peoples’ migration and movement’.
The 2018 theme focuses on the current situation of indigenous territories, the root causes of their migration; and their trans-border movement and displacement. It seeks to explore the challenges and ways-out to revitalise indigenous peoples’ identities and encourage the protection of their rights.
2019: International Year of Indigenous Languages
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) through its Resolution on ‘Rights of Indigenous Peoples’ proclaimed the year 2019 as the ‘International Year of Indigenous Languages’.
The indigenous languages are a significant factor in a wide range of other indigenous issues including education, scientific and technological development; biosphere and the environment; freedom of expression; employment and social inclusion.
When was the Day proclaimed?
The United Nations General Assembly on December 23, 1994 proclaimed 9 August as the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples through its resolution 49/214.
The date marks the day of the first meeting of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights in 1982.
What: Observed globally
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