Jagran Josh Logo

Nelson Mandela International Day observed

Jul 18, 2018 20:45 IST
Nelson Mandela International Day observed

18 July: Nelson Mandela International Day

The Nelson Mandela International Day was observed globally on July 18, 2018. The international day marks the 100th birth anniversary of Mandela, the anti-apartheid revolutionary.

The centenary year offers an occasion to reflect on Mandela's life and legacy and to follow his call to make the world a better place. The Nelson Mandela Foundation is dedicating the 2018 Mandela Day to action against poverty, honouring Nelson Mandela's leadership and devotion to fighting poverty and promoting social justice for all.

2018 Theme: Take Action! Inspire Change!

Objective

Every year on July 18, the United Nations invites people from across the globe to mark the Nelson Mandela International Day by making a difference in their communities.

The day is observed with the objective of awakening everyone to their ability and responsibility to change the world for the better!

The day offers an occasion for all to take action and inspire change.

Nelson Mandela Rules

In December 2015, the UN General Assembly decided to extend the scope of the Mandela Day to promote humane conditions of imprisonment, to raise awareness about prisoners being a continuous part of society and to value the work of prison staff as a social service of particular importance.

The General Assembly resolution not only adopted the revised United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, but also approved that they should be known as the 'Nelson Mandela Rules' in order to honour the legacy of the late South African President, who spent 27 years in prison in the course of his struggle against racism and the legacy of apartheid.

About Nelson Mandela

  • Nelson Mandela  was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
  • He studied law at the University of Fort Hare and the University of the Witwatersrand before working as a lawyer in Johannesburg. There he became involved in anti-colonial and African nationalist politics, joining the African National Congress (ANC) in 1943 and co-founding its Youth League in 1944.
  • After the National Party's white-only government established the apartheid system, which was a system of racial segregation that privileged only the white people, he and the ANC committed themselves to overthrow it.
  • Mandela was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the 1956 Treason Trial.
  • Influenced by Marxism, he secretly joined the banned South African Communist Party (SACP) and though initially he was committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the armed group -Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961 to lead a sabotage campaign against the government.
  • In 1962, he was arrested for conspiring to overthrow the state and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial.
  • Mandela served 27 years in prison. However, growing domestic and international pressure combined with the fears of a racial civil war led President F. W. de Klerk to release him from prison in 1990.
  • Upon his release, Mandela along with de Klerk led the efforts to bring an end to the apartheid system. He and President FW de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the same.
  • Their peace efforts resulted in the 1994 multiracial general election in which Mandela led the ANC to victory.
  • On May 10, 1994 Mandela was inaugurated as South Africa’s first democratically elected President.
  • He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. 
  • His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation.
  • Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.

Background

The United Nations declared July 18 as Nelson Mandela International Day in November 2009, in an effort to recognise the former South African President’s contribution to the culture of peace and freedom.

The day was adopted through a UN resolution that recognizes Mandela’s values and his dedication to the service of humanity in conflict resolution, race relations, promotion and protection of human rights, reconciliation, gender equality and the rights of children and other vulnerable groups, the fight against poverty and the promotion of social justice.

The resolution also acknowledges Mandela's contribution to the struggle for democracy internationally and the promotion of a culture of peace throughout the world.

 

Video: Check out the latest current affairs of this week

Read More Current Affairs

Quick Digest

Who: Nelson Mandela International Day

What: Observed

When: July 18 , 2018

Is this article important for exams ? Yes1 Person Agreed

DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

Latest Videos

Register to get FREE updates

    All Fields Mandatory
  • (Ex:9123456789)
  • Please Select Your Interest
  • Please specify

  • ajax-loader
  • A verifcation code has been sent to
    your mobile number

    Please enter the verification code below

Newsletter Signup
Follow us on
This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK