Top 5 Current Affairs: 18 December 2017

Dec 18, 2017 17:26 IST

Distorting facts in Passive Euthanasia cases may attract jail term: Passive Euthanasia Bill

The Management of Patients with Terminal Illness- Withdrawal of Medical Life Support Bill states that hospitals will be required to set up approval committees for considering cases of Passive Euthanasia.

Passive Euthanasia means the withdrawal of medical treatment and life support system of a terminally-ill patient.

The Bill states that all super-speciality hospitals should have approval committees on passive euthanasia. It also states that any distortion of facts before approval committees may lead to imprisonment of 5 to 10 years in jail and a fine of Rs 20 lakh to Rs 1 crore.

The approval committees will decide on applications of “Living will”, a written document that allows patients to explicitly state their desire against life when recovery is not possible from a terminal condition.

Union Cabinet approves agreement with UNESCO for establishing ITCOocean Centre

The Union Cabinet on 16 December 2017 approved the agreement with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for establishing International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean) in Hyderabad.

The International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography will be established as a Category-2 Centre (C2C) at the ESSO-INCOIS (ESSO-Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services) campus.

The field of operational oceanography involves systematic ocean studies aimed at supporting day-to-day operations and  providing information services to  various sectors like fishing, disaster management, shipping, coastal management, environmental management, offshore industries and defence forces.

International Migrants Day 2017 observed globally

The International Migrants Day was observed across the world on 18 December 2017 with the theme 'Safe Migration in a World on the Move'.

Migration has always been a way-out for individuals to overcome the hitches and snags and to live a better life. In this new era of crisis and complexity, challenges and difficulties, international migration requires enhanced cooperation and collective action among countries and regions.

The total number of international migrants has increased from an estimated 175 million in 2000 to 244 million in 2015. Nearly two thirds of all international migrants, that is 76 million people, live in Europe or Asia. One in every ten migrants is below 15 years of age.  

PV Sindhu loses to Japan’s Yamaguchi in Dubai World Superseries final

India’s ace shuttler, P V Sindhu had to settle for the silver medal at the BWF Dubai World Series Finals 2017 in Dubai, UAE on 17 December 2017, after she went down fighting against Japan’s top-seeded Akane Yamaguchi.

Sindhu lost to Yamaguchi by 15-21, 21-12, 21-19 in a match that lasted for an hour and 34 minutes. Considering her unbeaten streak and the fact that she had already defeated Yamaguchi at the group stage, Sindhu was the clear favourite before the summit clash began.

However, with the loss, this is the third major event in the last two years where Sindhu has had to settle for silver after a second-place finish at Rio Olympics 2016 and BWF World Championships 2017. Overall though, Sindhu’s run in 2017 has been a successful one, as she previously won the India Open Super Series and Korea Super Series.

Counting of votes for assembly elections in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh begins

The counting of votes for Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh Assembly elections started early morning at 8 am on 18 December 2017. The results will be announced today itself.

In total, 182 seats in Gujarat and 68 seats in Himachal Pradesh are up for elections. While in Gujarat, the polling was held in two phases on 9 and 14 December, Himachal Pradesh went to polls in a single phase on 9 November.

In Gujarat, the counting is taking place at 37 centres amidst tight security. Over 68 per cent polling was recorded in the two-phase elections. While in Himachal Pradesh, the counting for all 68 assembly seats is being held at 42 centres. Around 2820 officers including 940 micro-observers have been deployed for the purpose.

Is this article important for exams ? Yes

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