UNGA adopted the resolution on establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free world

Dec 6, 2014 18:45 IST

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on 2 December 2014 adopted a resolution on establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free world and accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments.

The resolution was introduced as a part of First Committee Recommendations on Disarmament and International Security.

It was adopted by a recorded vote of 169 in favour to 7 against with 5 abstentions.

The countries who voted against the resolution were Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, France, India, Israel, Russian Federation, United Kingdom and the United States.

The countries with abstentions were Bhutan, China, Federated States of Micronesia, Pakistan, Palau.

The resolution primarily aimed at nuclear weapon possessing countries asked them to immediately and unconditionally accede to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as non-nuclear-weapon states and put all their nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards.

The resolution was adopted along with other 63 Drafts on First Committee. These other included convention prohibiting the use of those weapons, the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation, and establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East among others.

Other adopted resolutions called for lessening international tension by reducing the operational readiness of the several thousand nuclear weapons that remained on high alert despite the end of the cold war, and requested the five nuclear-weapon states to review nuclear doctrines and take steps to reduce the risks of the use of nuclear weapons.

This resolution and similar ones are generally not binding under the UN Charter, but are symbolic in nature.
Comment

The resolution mainly targeted countries namely Israel, Pakistan and India among others. Israel and Pakistan also voted against the provision. India has been firm in rejecting the NPT, which it considers discriminatory in trying to preserve the nuclear weapon monopoly of five nations — the US, Russia, China, France and Britain.

 

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