The Stonehenge is located in Wiltshire in England is one of the remarkable examples of prehistoric architecture. It is on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage sites, and consists of remains of what was once a ring of stones set within earthworks. It is believed that, Stonehenge was a memorate leader of nearby tribes. Here, we are giving 10 interesting facts related to the Stonehenge for general awareness.
Source: www. cdn.history.com
1. The structure is over 5,000 years-old, with construction beginning on the first stage of the monument 3100 BC.
2. The structure is older than all the pyramids of Egypt and holds great religious significance for Neo-Druidry.
3. The monument is made of two major types of stone, sarsens and bluestones. Sarsens are the larger ones, some of them reaching 9m tall and weighing over 20 tons.
4. It was built with a sophisticated understanding of mathematics and geometry, as aligned with the rising and setting of the Sun, which is truly astounding.
5. To fit the upright stones with the horizontal lintels, mortice holes and protruding tenons were created. The lintels were slotted together using tongue and groove joints. These types of joint are usually found only in woodworking.
6. The megalithic monuments of Britain and Europe predate those of the eastern Mediterranean, Egyptian, Mycenaean and Greek cultures.
7. The structure has appeared in folklore and cultural depictions throughout the ages. One legend says that the Devil placed Stonehenge, while another from Arthurian legend says that Merlin the magician created the stone circle.
8. To put in perspective the amazing structure of Stonehenge, scientists estimate that it may have taken around 20-30 million man-hours using the primitive tools available at the time. With 10,000 men working on the site for 20 days each year, for 8 hours per day, it would have taken 12.5 years to complete.
9. The structure is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks (artificial mounds of rock and soil) and evidence found in 2008 indicates that it may have been an ancient burial ground from its earliest beginnings.
10. The stones of the structure were dressed using sophisticated techniques and erected using precisely interlocking joints, unseen at any other prehistoric monument.