The conclusion of British Rule in India saw the end of the old institution of British honours and awards. Independent India saw the introduction of awards such as Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Shaurya Chakra etc. Param Vir Chakra (Pvc) is the highest gallantry award for officers and other enlisted personnel of all military branches of India for the highest degree of valor in the presence of the enemy.
Description of Indian Gallantry Awards:
War Time Awards:
• Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra, Vir Chakra
Peace Time Awards:
• Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra, Shaurya Chakra
Distinguished Service Medals:
• Sena Medal (Army), Naosena Medal (Navy), vayusena madel
Param Vir Chakra (Pvc)-
I. This is the highest gallantry award for officers and other enlisted personnel of all military branches of India for the highest degree of valor in the presence of the enemy
II. It is introduced on January 26, 1950; this award may be given posthumously. Literally, Param Vir Chakra means ‘wheel (or Cross) of the Ultimate Brave'.
III.In Sanskrit, ‘Param' means Ultimate, ‘vir (pronounced veer) means Brave and Chakra' means wheel.
I. The Maha vir Chakra (MVC) is the second highest military decoration in India and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.
II. It may be awarded posthumously. More than 155 acts of bravery and selfless courage have been recognized since the inception of the medal.
III. The most MVCs awarded in a single conflict was in the lndo-Pakistan War of 1971, when eleven were given to the Indian Air Force.
I. Vir Chakra is an lndian gallantry award presented for acts of bravery in the battle field. Award of the decoration carried with it the right to use Vr.C.as a postnominal abbreviation (note the careto distinguish this abbreviation from that for the Victoria Cross (V.C.).
II. It is third in precedence in the war time gallantry awards and comes after the Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra.
I. The Ashok Chakra series of awards are open to civilians also.
II. It is the Peacetime equivalent of Paramvir Chakra and is awarded for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring or preeminent valour of sacritice other than in the face of enemy.
III.The decoration may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel and may be awarded posthumously
IV. Recommendations received in respect of civilians from the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations and Ministries/Departments of the Central Government are processed by the Ministry of Defence for the consideration of the Central Honours and Awards Committee chaired by the Defence Minister.
V. These awards are biannual and are given on the Republic Day and Independence Day.
I. Kirti Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for valor, courageous action or selfs sacriice away from the battlefield.
II. It may be awarded to civilians as well as military personnel, including posthumous awards.
III. it is the peacetime equivalent of the Maha Vir Chakra.
IV. It is second in order of precedence of peacetime gallantry awards: it comes after Ashoka Chakra and before Shaurya Chakra. Before 1967, the award was known as the Ashoka Chakra, Class II.
I. Shaurya Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for valor, courageous action or self- sacrifice while not engaged in direct action with the enemy.
II. It may be awarded to civilians as well as military personnel, sometimes posthumously.
III. It is the peacetime equivalent of the vir Chakra. it is generally awarded for Counter-Insurgency operations and actions against the enemy during peace-time.
IV. It is third in order of precedence of peacetime gallantry awards and comes after Ashoka Chakra and Kirti Chakra. It precedes the Sena Medal. Before 1967, the award was known as the Ashoka Chakra, Class III.
Highest Military Decorations on the World-
Image courtesy: http://mha.nic.in/awards_medals
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