Jharkhand: Languages

Hindi is the state language of Jharkhand. However, the people of the state converse in a number of languages
Created On: Jul 16, 2013 14:00 IST
Modified On: Jul 29, 2013 12:13 IST


Hindi is the state language of Jharkhand. However, the people of the state converse in a number of languages. Most of the people converse in Hindi which has turned out to be one of the major languages of Jharkhand state. 


Some parts of Jharkhand state speak Bengali language. The Angika language is the main language to commune in the whole area of the Santhal Paragnas. In recent times, in a proposition to conciliate the tribal’s, the Jharkhand government has made acquaintance of at least one of the 4 tribal languages obligatory for its government executives.


The 4 tribal languages are:


•             Kurukh

•             Mundari

•             Santali

•             Ho


Babulal Murmu is a renowned writer in Santhali language. Jharkhand’s foremost tribal languages are either the planned languages of the Indo-Aryan people or their dialects. Communication within this intricate linguistic group has generated multilingual people, with interface between various aboriginal groups. The Mundari language is mainly spoken in Ranchi, Simdega,  Gumla,  Khunti, Latehar and Singhbhum.



The other languages spoken by people in Jharkhand state are:


Santali Language

It is spoken chiefly in Pakur, Dumka, Godda, Jamtara, Sahibganj, Singhbhum.


Munda language

It includes different languages such as Mundari, Santhali, Kharia, Ho, Bhumij, Kurmali and Koraku. Munda language is chiefly spoken in the Chota Nagpur Plateau, Jharkhand. The language belongs to the Kherwarian sub-group found in the Jharkhand state.



Dravidian language

It includes languages such as Korwa, Oraon and Paharia. Paharia language has been looked upon as a Bengali–Assamese language and a varied Dravidian–Indo-Aryan language. The Dravidian languages include approximately 73 different lingoes, between which Korwa, Oraon and Paharia have pierced into the home of relatively a few residents of Jharkhand state.  The People who speak the language has been spread all across the state.


Indo-Aryan language


Almost all the main languages of the state of Jharkhand own a link with Indo-Aryan languages. The Indo-Aryan language of Jharkhand has tumbled down from 3 main dialects. The chief lingos which dominate in the Jharkhand state includes Urdu, Oriya, Bengali, Nagpuri, Khortha, Bhojpuri, Angika and Sadri. The languages are widely spread in all the regions of Jharkhand state.


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