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Lakes in India

A large water body which is surrounded by land is called a lake. Most of the lakes are permanent, while some contain water only during the rainy season. Lakes are formed by the action of glaciers and ice sheets, by wind, river action and by human activities. There are about 500,000 lakes on Earth, storing volume of water equalling 103,000 cubic Km. Most of the world's water lakes are found in North America (25%), Africa (30%) and Asia (20%).
May 29, 2017 18:41 IST
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A large water body which is surrounded by land is called a lake. Most of the lakes are permanent, while some contain water only during the rainy season. Lakes are formed by the action of glaciers and ice sheets, by wind, river action and by human activities. There are about 500,000 lakes on Earth, storing volume of water equalling 103,000 cubic km. Most of the world's water lakes are found in North America (25%), Africa (30%) and Asia (20%).

Surya Tal

Source: virtualindianstates.com

Types of lakes

1. Ox-bow Lake: A lake formed when a meandering river is cut off from the mainstream. The shape of this lake resembles an ox-bow.
2. Lagoon: When the lake is formed by spits and bars in coastal areas, it is called a lagoon. Chilika Lake, Pulicat Lake, Kolleru Lake, etc. are examples of lagoon.
3. Glacial Lake: A lake formed by melting of glacier is called a glacial lake. Most of the lakes in the Himalayan region are glacial lakes.

Drainage System

List of Lakes in India

Haflong Lake

Type: High altitude Lake Location: Silchar

State: Assam

Son Beel

River: Kakra River

Type: fresh water Tectonic Lake

Surface area: 34.58 km2

Location: Karimganj

State: Assam

Kanwar Lake

River: Gandak River

Location: Begusarai

State: Bihar

Hamirsar Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 11 Hectare

Location: Bhuj

State: Gujarat

Kankaria Lake

Surface area: Artificial Lake

Location: Ahmedabad

State:  Gujarat

Nal Sarovar

River: Bhogawo River

Surface area: 123 km2

Location: West Ahmedabad

State: Gujarat

Narayan Sarovar

Type: Artificial Lake

Location: Bhuj

State: Gujarat

Thol Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 14 km2

Location: West Ahmedabad

State: Gujarat

Vastrapur Lake

River: Narmada River

Type: Fresh waters Location: West Ahmedabad

State: Gujarat

Lakhota Lake

Location: Jamnagar

State: Gujarat

Sursagar Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 22,800m2 (approx.)

Location: Vadodara

State: Gujarat

Brighu Lake

Type: High Altitude Lake

Location: Kullu

State: Himachal Pradesh

Dashir Lake

Type: High Altitude Lake

Location: Keylong

State: Himachal Pradesh

Dhankar Lake

Type: High Altitude Lake

Location: Kullu

State: Himachal Pradesh

Kareri (Kumarwah) Lake

Type: Freshwater, High altitude Lake

Surface area: 2934 Sq. meters (sea level)

Location: Dharamsala

State: Himachal Pradesh

Khajjiar Lake

River: Ravi River

Type: Mid Altitude Lake

Surface area: 4180.64 m2

Location: Chamba

State: Himachal Pradesh

Macchial Lake

Type: Low Altitude Lake

Location: Mandi

State: Himachal Pradesh

Maharana Pratap Sagar

River: Beas River

Surface area: 400 Km2 (approx.)

Location: Kangra

State: Himachal Pradesh

Manimahesh Lake

Type: High Altitude Lake

Location: Chamba

State: Himachal Pradesh

Nako Lake

Type: High Altitude Lake

Location: Kinnaur

State: Himachal Pradesh

Pandoh Lake

River: Beas River Location: Mandi

State: Himachal Pradesh

Prashar Lake

Type: Holomictic Location: Mandi

State: Himachal Pradesh

Renuka Lake

Type: Low Altitude Lake

Location: Sirmour

State: Himachal Pradesh

Rewalsar Lake

Type: Mid Altitude Lake

Location: Mandi

State: Himachal Pradesh

Seruvalsar Lake

Type: High Altitude Lake

Location: Chamba

State: Himachal Pradesh

Suraj Taal

River: Chandra River

Type: High Altitude Lake

Location: Lahaul and Spiti

State: Himachal Pradesh

Chandra Taal

Surface area: Sweet Water Lake

Location: Lahaul and Spiti

State: Himachal Pradesh

Badkhal Lake

Type: Natural Water ake

Surface area: 206 Acres

Location: Faridabad

State: Haryana

Brahma Sarovar

River: Rajwaha River

Type: Ancient Water Tank

Surface area: 430 meters

Location: Thanesar

State: Haryana

Karna Lake

Type: Landscaped

Location: Uchana

State: Haryana

Sannihit Sarovar

River: Seven Sacred Sarasvatis of Rig Veda

Type: Holy Water Tank

Location: Thanesar

State: Haryana

Surajkund Lake

Type: Ancient Reservoir

Surface area: 99 Acres

Location: Sunam

State: Haryana

Tilyar Lake

Surface area: 132 Acres

Location: Rohtak

State: Haryana

Blue Bird Lake

Surface area: 20 Acres

Location: Hisar

State: Haryana

Dal Lake

River: Jhelum River

Type: Warm monomictic

Surface area: 22 Km2

Location: Srinagar

State: Jammu and Kashmir

Pangong Tso

Type: Soda Lake

Surface area: 700 Km2 (approx.)

Location: Jammu

State: Jammu and Kashmir

Tso Moriri

Type: Brackish

Surface area: 30,000 Acres

Location: Jammu

State: Jammu and Kashmir

Wular Lake

River: Jhelum River

Type: Fresh-Water Lake

Surface area: 30 - 260 Km2

Location: Srinagar

State: Jammu and Kashmir

Manasbal Lake

River: Jhelum River

Type: Mixing Monomictic

Surface area: 2.81 Km2

Location: Srinagar

State: Jammu and Kashmir

Mansar Lake

Type: Holocene mono-mictic, Oligotropic

Surface area: 0.59 Km2

Location: Jammu

State: Jammu and Kashmir

Sheshnag Lake

River: Lidder River

Type: Altitude, Oligotrophic Lake

Location: Anantnag

State: Jammu and Kashmir

Bellandur Lake

River: Ponnaiyar River

Surface area: 3.61 Km2

Location: Bengaluru

State: Karnataka

Ulsoor Lake

Type: Stale water

Surface area: 123.6 Acres

Location: Bengaluru

State: Karnataka

Sankey Lake

Type: Artificial Lake or tank

Surface area: 37.1 Acres

Location: Bengaluru

State:  Karnataka

Hebbal Lake

Surface area: 150 Acres

Location: Bengaluru

State: Karnataka

Lalbagh Lake

Surface area: 40 Acres

Location: Bengaluru

State: Karnataka

Puttenahalli Lake

Surface area: 13 Acres

Location: Bengaluru

State: Karnataka

Madiwala Lake

Type: Artificial tropical Lake

Surface area: 114.3 Hectare

Location: Bengaluru

State: Karnataka

Agara Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 0.24 km2

Location: Bengaluru

State: Karnataka

Karanji Lake

Surface area: 90 Hectare

Location: Mysore

State: Karnataka

Kukkarahalli Lake

Type: Freshwater, Recreational and Fisheries

Surface area: 150 Acres

Location: Mysore

State: Karnataka

Lingambudhi Lake

River: Kaveri River

Type: Perennial freshwater

Location: Mysore

State: Karnataka

Pampa Sarovar

River: Tungabhadra River

Type: Sacred Pond (Holy Pond for Hindus epic)

Location: Koppal

State: Karnataka

Ashtamudi Lake

River: Kallada River

Type: Unique wetland ecosystem, a palm-shaped

Surface area: 61.42 km2

Location: Kollam

State: Kerala

Maanaanchira Lake

Type: Artificial, freshwater Lake

Surface area: 3.49 Acres

Location: Kozhikode

State: Kerala

Padinjare chira Lake

Type: Artificial pond

Location: Thrissur

State: Kerala

Paravur Kayal

River: Ithikkara River

Type: Fresh and backwater

Surface area: 6.62 km2

Location: Kollam

State: Kerala

Punnamada Lake (Vembanad Lake)

River: Achenkovil, Manimala, Meenachil, Muvattupuzha, Pamba, Periyar Rivers

Surface area: 2033 km2

Location: Alappuzha

State: Kerala

Shasthamkotta Lake

River: Kallada River

Type: Largest freshwater Lake

Surface area: 920 Acres

Location: Kollam

State:  Kerala

Vadakkechira

Type: Artificial pond

Surface area: 4 Acres

Location: Thrissur

State: Kerala

Vellayani Lake

River: Karamana River

Location: Thiruvananthapuram

State: Kerala

Upper Lake

River: Kolans River

Surface area: 31 km2

Location: Bhopal

State: Madhya Pradesh

Lower Lake

Surface area: 1.29 km2

Location: Bhopal

State: Madhya Pradesh

Moti Jheel

Type: Artificial Lake

Location: Kanpur

State: Uttar Pradesh

Gorewada Lake

River: Pili River

Type: Fresh water Lake

Location: Nagpur

State: Maharashtra

Lonar Lake

Type: Impact Crater Lake, salt Lake

Surface area: 1.13 Km2

Location: Lonar

State: Maharashtra

Pashan Lake

River: Ram Nadi

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 40 Km2

Location: Pune

State: Maharashtra

Powai Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 520 Acres

Location: Mumbai

State: Maharashtra

Rankala Lake

Type: Picturesque Lake

Surface area: 107 Hectare

Location: Kolhapur

State: Maharashtra

Shivajisagar Lake

River: Koyna River

Type: Reservoir

Surface area: 891.78 km2

Location: Satara

State: Maharashtra

Talao Pali Lake

Location: Thane

State: Maharashtra

Upvan Lake

Surface area: 500 km2

Location: Thane

State: Maharashtra

Venna Lake

Surface area: 28 Acres

Location: Mahabaleshwar

State: Maharashtra

Umiam Lake

Surface area: Umiam River

Location: Shillong

State: Meghalaya

Loktak Lake

River: Manipur River

Type: Fresh water (lentic)

Surface area: 287 Km2

Location: Moirang

State: Manipur

Palak Dil Lake

Type: Lentic Lake

Surface area: 1.5 Km2

Location: Saiha

State: Mizoram

Tam Dil Lake

Type: Reservoir

Location: Aizawl

State: Mizoram

Anshupa Lake

River: Mahanadi River

Type: Fresh water Lake

Surface area: 141 Hectare

Location: Cuttack

State: Odisha

Chilka Lake

River: Daya River

Type: Brackish water

Surface area: 1,165 Km2

Location: Puri

State: Odisha

Kanjia Lake

River: Mahanadi River

Type: Natural Lake

Surface area: 190 Acres

Location: Bhubaneswar

State: Odisha

Kanjli Wetland

River: Bien River

Type: Freshwater Lake

Surface area: 4.9 Km2

Location: Kapurthala

State: Punjab

Harike Wetland

River: Beas River and Sutlej River

Type: Freshwater Lake

Surface area: 4100 Hectare

Location: Tarn Taran Sahib

State: Punjab

Ropar Wetland

River: Sutlej River

Type: Man-made freshwater

Surface area: 1,365 Hectare

Location: Rupnagar

State: Punjab

Dhebar Lake

River: Gomti River

Type: Reservoir

Surface area: 87 Km2

Location: Udaipur

State: Rajasthan

Kaylana Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 84 Km2

Location: Jodhpur

State: Rajasthan

Nakki Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Location: Sirohi

State: Rajasthan

Pachpadra Lake

Type: Saline Lake

Location: Barmer

State: Rajasthan

Pushkar Lake

River: Luni River

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 22 km2

Location: Ajmer

State: Rajasthan

Ana Sagar Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 97 Hectare

Location: Ajmer

State: Rajasthan

Rajsamand Lake

River: Gomati River

Type: Reservoir

Surface area: 510 km2

Location: Kankroli

State: Rajasthan

Sambhar Salt Lake

Type: Salt Lake

Surface area: 230 km2

Location: Jaipur

State: Rajasthan

Ramgarh Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 15.5 Km2

Location: Jaipur

State: Rajasthan

Siliserh Lake

Type: Beautiful artificial Lake

Surface area: 7 Km2

Location: Alwar

State: Rajasthan

Man Sagar Lake

Type: Freshwater - Recreational

Surface area: 300 Acres

Location: Jaipur

State: Rajasthan

Lake Salusagar

State: Rajasthan

Dudh Talai

Type: Small water tank

Location: Udaipur

State: Rajasthan

Fateh Sagar Lake

River: Ayad River

Type: Artificial, fresh water, Polymictic Lake

Surface area: 4 km2

Location: Udaipur

State: Rajasthan

Pichola Lake

Type: Freshwater Lake

Surface area: 1,720 Acres

Location: Udaipur

State: Rajasthan

Rangsagar Lake

Type: Small artificial Lake

Location: Udaipur

State:  Rajasthan

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Swaroopsagar Lake

River: Ayad River

Type: Small artificial Lake

Surface area: 4 km2

Location: Udaipur

State: Rajasthan

Gurudongmar Lake

Type: Fresh water Lake

Location: North Sikkim

State: Sikkim

Khecheopalri Lake

Type: Sacred Lake

Surface area: 9.4 Acres

Location: Pelling, West Sikkim

State: Sikkim

Lake Tsongmo

Type: Glacial Lake

Location: East Sikkim

State: Sikkim

Lake Cholamu

Type: Glacial, fresh-water Lake

Location: North Sikkim

State: Sikkim

Hussain Sagar

River: Musi River

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 4.4 Km2

Location: Hyderabad

State: Telangana

Osman Sagar

River: Musi River

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 46 km2

Location: Hyderabad

State: Telangana

Himayat Sagar

River: Musi River

Type: Artificial Lake

Location: Hyderabad

State: Telangana

Shamirpet Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 100 Acres

Location: Hyderabad

State: Telangana

Mir Alam Tank

River: Musi River

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 1.7 Km2

Location: Hyderabad

State: Telangana

Durgam Cheruvu (Secret Lake)

Type: Freshwater

Surface area: 83 Acres

Location: Hyderabad

State: Telangana

Saroornagar Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 99 Acres

Location: Hyderabad

State: Telangana

Alwal Cheruvu Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Location: Secunderabad

State: Telangana

Berijam Lake

Type: Freshwater

Surface area: 59 Acres

Location: Dindigul

State: Tamil Nadu

Chembarambakkam Lake

River: Adyar River

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 3,800 Acres

Location: Chennai

State: Tamil Nadu

List of major ports on East Coast of India

Kodaikanal Lake

Type: Fresh-water, Artificial Lake

Location: Kodaikanal

State: Tamil Nadu

Ooty Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 3.885 Km2

Location:  Udhagamandalam

State: Tamil Nadu

Red Hills Lake (Puzhal Lake)

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 18.21 Km2

Location: Chennai

State: Tamil Nadu

Singanallur Lake

Location: Coimbatore

State: Tamil Nadu

Sholavaram Lake

Location: Thiruvallur

State: Tamil Nadu

Veeranam Lake

Type: Artificial, intermittent Lake

Surface area: 25 Km2

Location: Cuddalore

State: Tamil Nadu

Ramgarh Taal Lake

Surface area: 1,790 Acres

Location: Gorakhpur

State: Uttar Pradesh

Keetham Lake

Type: Scenic Lake

Surface area: 7.13 Km2

Location: Agra

State: Uttar Pradesh

Belasagar Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 16 km2

Location: Kulpahar

State: Uttar Pradesh

List of major ports on West Coast of India

Barua Sagar Tal

Type: Artificial Lake

Location: Barua Sagar city

State:  Uttar Pradesh

Sheikha Jheel

Type: Fresh water perennial

Surface area: 30 Hectare

Location: Aligarh

State: Uttar Pradesh

Bhimtal Lake

Type: Largest natural Lake

Location: Bhimtal

State: Uttarakhand

Dodital

Type: Freshwater Lake

Location: Dehradun

State: Uttarakhand

Nainital Lake

Type: Natural Freshwater

Surface area: 120.5 Acres

Location: Nainital

State: Uttarakhand

Naukuchiatal

Location: Nainital

State: Uttarakhand

Sat Tal

Type: Freshwater Lake

Surface area: 4 Hectare

State: Uttarakhand

Rabindra Sarobar (Dhakuria Lake)

Type: Artificial Lake

Surface area: 73 Acres

Location: Kolkata

State: West Bengal

Senchal Lake

Type: Artificial Lake

Location: Darjeeling

State: West Bengal

East Calcutta Wetlands

Type: Natural and human-made wetlands

Surface area: 125 Km2

Location: Kolkata

State: West Bengal

Santragachhi Lake

Surface area: 32 Acres

Location: Santragachhi

State: West Bengal

List of East and West flowing rivers in India with their characteristics

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