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Lakes in India

29-MAY-2017 18:41

    A large water body which is surrounded by land is called a lake. Most of the lakes are permanent, while some contain water only during the rainy season. Lakes are formed by the action of glaciers and ice sheets, by wind, river action and by human activities. There are about 500,000 lakes on Earth, storing volume of water equalling 103,000 cubic km. Most of the world's water lakes are found in North America (25%), Africa (30%) and Asia (20%).

    Surya Tal

    Source: virtualindianstates.com

    Types of lakes

    1. Ox-bow Lake: A lake formed when a meandering river is cut off from the mainstream. The shape of this lake resembles an ox-bow.
    2. Lagoon: When the lake is formed by spits and bars in coastal areas, it is called a lagoon. Chilika Lake, Pulicat Lake, Kolleru Lake, etc. are examples of lagoon.
    3. Glacial Lake: A lake formed by melting of glacier is called a glacial lake. Most of the lakes in the Himalayan region are glacial lakes.

    Drainage System

    List of Lakes in India

    Haflong Lake

    Type: High altitude Lake Location: Silchar

    State: Assam

    Son Beel

    River: Kakra River

    Type: fresh water Tectonic Lake

    Surface area: 34.58 km2

    Location: Karimganj

    State: Assam

    Kanwar Lake

    River: Gandak River

    Location: Begusarai

    State: Bihar

    Hamirsar Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 11 Hectare

    Location: Bhuj

    State: Gujarat

    Kankaria Lake

    Surface area: Artificial Lake

    Location: Ahmedabad

    State:  Gujarat

    Nal Sarovar

    River: Bhogawo River

    Surface area: 123 km2

    Location: West Ahmedabad

    State: Gujarat

    Narayan Sarovar

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Location: Bhuj

    State: Gujarat

    Thol Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 14 km2

    Location: West Ahmedabad

    State: Gujarat

    Vastrapur Lake

    River: Narmada River

    Type: Fresh waters Location: West Ahmedabad

    State: Gujarat

    Lakhota Lake

    Location: Jamnagar

    State: Gujarat

    Sursagar Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 22,800m2 (approx.)

    Location: Vadodara

    State: Gujarat

    Brighu Lake

    Type: High Altitude Lake

    Location: Kullu

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Dashir Lake

    Type: High Altitude Lake

    Location: Keylong

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Dhankar Lake

    Type: High Altitude Lake

    Location: Kullu

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Kareri (Kumarwah) Lake

    Type: Freshwater, High altitude Lake

    Surface area: 2934 Sq. meters (sea level)

    Location: Dharamsala

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Khajjiar Lake

    River: Ravi River

    Type: Mid Altitude Lake

    Surface area: 4180.64 m2

    Location: Chamba

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Macchial Lake

    Type: Low Altitude Lake

    Location: Mandi

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Maharana Pratap Sagar

    River: Beas River

    Surface area: 400 Km2 (approx.)

    Location: Kangra

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Manimahesh Lake

    Type: High Altitude Lake

    Location: Chamba

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Nako Lake

    Type: High Altitude Lake

    Location: Kinnaur

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Pandoh Lake

    River: Beas River Location: Mandi

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Prashar Lake

    Type: Holomictic Location: Mandi

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Renuka Lake

    Type: Low Altitude Lake

    Location: Sirmour

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Rewalsar Lake

    Type: Mid Altitude Lake

    Location: Mandi

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Seruvalsar Lake

    Type: High Altitude Lake

    Location: Chamba

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Suraj Taal

    River: Chandra River

    Type: High Altitude Lake

    Location: Lahaul and Spiti

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Chandra Taal

    Surface area: Sweet Water Lake

    Location: Lahaul and Spiti

    State: Himachal Pradesh

    Badkhal Lake

    Type: Natural Water ake

    Surface area: 206 Acres

    Location: Faridabad

    State: Haryana

    Brahma Sarovar

    River: Rajwaha River

    Type: Ancient Water Tank

    Surface area: 430 meters

    Location: Thanesar

    State: Haryana

    Karna Lake

    Type: Landscaped

    Location: Uchana

    State: Haryana

    Sannihit Sarovar

    River: Seven Sacred Sarasvatis of Rig Veda

    Type: Holy Water Tank

    Location: Thanesar

    State: Haryana

    Surajkund Lake

    Type: Ancient Reservoir

    Surface area: 99 Acres

    Location: Sunam

    State: Haryana

    Tilyar Lake

    Surface area: 132 Acres

    Location: Rohtak

    State: Haryana

    Blue Bird Lake

    Surface area: 20 Acres

    Location: Hisar

    State: Haryana

    Dal Lake

    River: Jhelum River

    Type: Warm monomictic

    Surface area: 22 Km2

    Location: Srinagar

    State: Jammu and Kashmir

    Pangong Tso

    Type: Soda Lake

    Surface area: 700 Km2 (approx.)

    Location: Jammu

    State: Jammu and Kashmir

    Tso Moriri

    Type: Brackish

    Surface area: 30,000 Acres

    Location: Jammu

    State: Jammu and Kashmir

    Wular Lake

    River: Jhelum River

    Type: Fresh-Water Lake

    Surface area: 30 - 260 Km2

    Location: Srinagar

    State: Jammu and Kashmir

    Manasbal Lake

    River: Jhelum River

    Type: Mixing Monomictic

    Surface area: 2.81 Km2

    Location: Srinagar

    State: Jammu and Kashmir

    Mansar Lake

    Type: Holocene mono-mictic, Oligotropic

    Surface area: 0.59 Km2

    Location: Jammu

    State: Jammu and Kashmir

    Sheshnag Lake

    River: Lidder River

    Type: Altitude, Oligotrophic Lake

    Location: Anantnag

    State: Jammu and Kashmir

    Bellandur Lake

    River: Ponnaiyar River

    Surface area: 3.61 Km2

    Location: Bengaluru

    State: Karnataka

    Ulsoor Lake

    Type: Stale water

    Surface area: 123.6 Acres

    Location: Bengaluru

    State: Karnataka

    Sankey Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake or tank

    Surface area: 37.1 Acres

    Location: Bengaluru

    State:  Karnataka

    Hebbal Lake

    Surface area: 150 Acres

    Location: Bengaluru

    State: Karnataka

    Lalbagh Lake

    Surface area: 40 Acres

    Location: Bengaluru

    State: Karnataka

    Puttenahalli Lake

    Surface area: 13 Acres

    Location: Bengaluru

    State: Karnataka

    Madiwala Lake

    Type: Artificial tropical Lake

    Surface area: 114.3 Hectare

    Location: Bengaluru

    State: Karnataka

    Agara Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 0.24 km2

    Location: Bengaluru

    State: Karnataka

    Karanji Lake

    Surface area: 90 Hectare

    Location: Mysore

    State: Karnataka

    Kukkarahalli Lake

    Type: Freshwater, Recreational and Fisheries

    Surface area: 150 Acres

    Location: Mysore

    State: Karnataka

    Lingambudhi Lake

    River: Kaveri River

    Type: Perennial freshwater

    Location: Mysore

    State: Karnataka

    Pampa Sarovar

    River: Tungabhadra River

    Type: Sacred Pond (Holy Pond for Hindus epic)

    Location: Koppal

    State: Karnataka

    Ashtamudi Lake

    River: Kallada River

    Type: Unique wetland ecosystem, a palm-shaped

    Surface area: 61.42 km2

    Location: Kollam

    State: Kerala

    Maanaanchira Lake

    Type: Artificial, freshwater Lake

    Surface area: 3.49 Acres

    Location: Kozhikode

    State: Kerala

    Padinjare chira Lake

    Type: Artificial pond

    Location: Thrissur

    State: Kerala

    Paravur Kayal

    River: Ithikkara River

    Type: Fresh and backwater

    Surface area: 6.62 km2

    Location: Kollam

    State: Kerala

    Punnamada Lake (Vembanad Lake)

    River: Achenkovil, Manimala, Meenachil, Muvattupuzha, Pamba, Periyar Rivers

    Surface area: 2033 km2

    Location: Alappuzha

    State: Kerala

    Shasthamkotta Lake

    River: Kallada River

    Type: Largest freshwater Lake

    Surface area: 920 Acres

    Location: Kollam

    State:  Kerala

    Vadakkechira

    Type: Artificial pond

    Surface area: 4 Acres

    Location: Thrissur

    State: Kerala

    Vellayani Lake

    River: Karamana River

    Location: Thiruvananthapuram

    State: Kerala

    Upper Lake

    River: Kolans River

    Surface area: 31 km2

    Location: Bhopal

    State: Madhya Pradesh

    Lower Lake

    Surface area: 1.29 km2

    Location: Bhopal

    State: Madhya Pradesh

    Moti Jheel

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Location: Kanpur

    State: Uttar Pradesh

    Gorewada Lake

    River: Pili River

    Type: Fresh water Lake

    Location: Nagpur

    State: Maharashtra

    Lonar Lake

    Type: Impact Crater Lake, salt Lake

    Surface area: 1.13 Km2

    Location: Lonar

    State: Maharashtra

    Pashan Lake

    River: Ram Nadi

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 40 Km2

    Location: Pune

    State: Maharashtra

    Powai Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 520 Acres

    Location: Mumbai

    State: Maharashtra

    Rankala Lake

    Type: Picturesque Lake

    Surface area: 107 Hectare

    Location: Kolhapur

    State: Maharashtra

    Shivajisagar Lake

    River: Koyna River

    Type: Reservoir

    Surface area: 891.78 km2

    Location: Satara

    State: Maharashtra

    Talao Pali Lake

    Location: Thane

    State: Maharashtra

    Upvan Lake

    Surface area: 500 km2

    Location: Thane

    State: Maharashtra

    Venna Lake

    Surface area: 28 Acres

    Location: Mahabaleshwar

    State: Maharashtra

    Umiam Lake

    Surface area: Umiam River

    Location: Shillong

    State: Meghalaya

    Loktak Lake

    River: Manipur River

    Type: Fresh water (lentic)

    Surface area: 287 Km2

    Location: Moirang

    State: Manipur

    Palak Dil Lake

    Type: Lentic Lake

    Surface area: 1.5 Km2

    Location: Saiha

    State: Mizoram

    Tam Dil Lake

    Type: Reservoir

    Location: Aizawl

    State: Mizoram

    Anshupa Lake

    River: Mahanadi River

    Type: Fresh water Lake

    Surface area: 141 Hectare

    Location: Cuttack

    State: Odisha

    Chilka Lake

    River: Daya River

    Type: Brackish water

    Surface area: 1,165 Km2

    Location: Puri

    State: Odisha

    Kanjia Lake

    River: Mahanadi River

    Type: Natural Lake

    Surface area: 190 Acres

    Location: Bhubaneswar

    State: Odisha

    Kanjli Wetland

    River: Bien River

    Type: Freshwater Lake

    Surface area: 4.9 Km2

    Location: Kapurthala

    State: Punjab

    Harike Wetland

    River: Beas River and Sutlej River

    Type: Freshwater Lake

    Surface area: 4100 Hectare

    Location: Tarn Taran Sahib

    State: Punjab

    Ropar Wetland

    River: Sutlej River

    Type: Man-made freshwater

    Surface area: 1,365 Hectare

    Location: Rupnagar

    State: Punjab

    Dhebar Lake

    River: Gomti River

    Type: Reservoir

    Surface area: 87 Km2

    Location: Udaipur

    State: Rajasthan

    Kaylana Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 84 Km2

    Location: Jodhpur

    State: Rajasthan

    Nakki Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Location: Sirohi

    State: Rajasthan

    Pachpadra Lake

    Type: Saline Lake

    Location: Barmer

    State: Rajasthan

    Pushkar Lake

    River: Luni River

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 22 km2

    Location: Ajmer

    State: Rajasthan

    Ana Sagar Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 97 Hectare

    Location: Ajmer

    State: Rajasthan

    Rajsamand Lake

    River: Gomati River

    Type: Reservoir

    Surface area: 510 km2

    Location: Kankroli

    State: Rajasthan

    Sambhar Salt Lake

    Type: Salt Lake

    Surface area: 230 km2

    Location: Jaipur

    State: Rajasthan

    Ramgarh Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 15.5 Km2

    Location: Jaipur

    State: Rajasthan

    Siliserh Lake

    Type: Beautiful artificial Lake

    Surface area: 7 Km2

    Location: Alwar

    State: Rajasthan

    Man Sagar Lake

    Type: Freshwater - Recreational

    Surface area: 300 Acres

    Location: Jaipur

    State: Rajasthan

    Lake Salusagar

    State: Rajasthan

    Dudh Talai

    Type: Small water tank

    Location: Udaipur

    State: Rajasthan

    Fateh Sagar Lake

    River: Ayad River

    Type: Artificial, fresh water, Polymictic Lake

    Surface area: 4 km2

    Location: Udaipur

    State: Rajasthan

    Pichola Lake

    Type: Freshwater Lake

    Surface area: 1,720 Acres

    Location: Udaipur

    State: Rajasthan

    Rangsagar Lake

    Type: Small artificial Lake

    Location: Udaipur

    State:  Rajasthan

    List of Indian Cities and their Nicknames

    Swaroopsagar Lake

    River: Ayad River

    Type: Small artificial Lake

    Surface area: 4 km2

    Location: Udaipur

    State: Rajasthan

    Gurudongmar Lake

    Type: Fresh water Lake

    Location: North Sikkim

    State: Sikkim

    Khecheopalri Lake

    Type: Sacred Lake

    Surface area: 9.4 Acres

    Location: Pelling, West Sikkim

    State: Sikkim

    Lake Tsongmo

    Type: Glacial Lake

    Location: East Sikkim

    State: Sikkim

    Lake Cholamu

    Type: Glacial, fresh-water Lake

    Location: North Sikkim

    State: Sikkim

    Hussain Sagar

    River: Musi River

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 4.4 Km2

    Location: Hyderabad

    State: Telangana

    Osman Sagar

    River: Musi River

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 46 km2

    Location: Hyderabad

    State: Telangana

    Himayat Sagar

    River: Musi River

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Location: Hyderabad

    State: Telangana

    Shamirpet Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 100 Acres

    Location: Hyderabad

    State: Telangana

    Mir Alam Tank

    River: Musi River

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 1.7 Km2

    Location: Hyderabad

    State: Telangana

    Durgam Cheruvu (Secret Lake)

    Type: Freshwater

    Surface area: 83 Acres

    Location: Hyderabad

    State: Telangana

    Saroornagar Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 99 Acres

    Location: Hyderabad

    State: Telangana

    Alwal Cheruvu Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Location: Secunderabad

    State: Telangana

    Berijam Lake

    Type: Freshwater

    Surface area: 59 Acres

    Location: Dindigul

    State: Tamil Nadu

    Chembarambakkam Lake

    River: Adyar River

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 3,800 Acres

    Location: Chennai

    State: Tamil Nadu

    List of major ports on East Coast of India

    Kodaikanal Lake

    Type: Fresh-water, Artificial Lake

    Location: Kodaikanal

    State: Tamil Nadu

    Ooty Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 3.885 Km2

    Location:  Udhagamandalam

    State: Tamil Nadu

    Red Hills Lake (Puzhal Lake)

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 18.21 Km2

    Location: Chennai

    State: Tamil Nadu

    Singanallur Lake

    Location: Coimbatore

    State: Tamil Nadu

    Sholavaram Lake

    Location: Thiruvallur

    State: Tamil Nadu

    Veeranam Lake

    Type: Artificial, intermittent Lake

    Surface area: 25 Km2

    Location: Cuddalore

    State: Tamil Nadu

    Ramgarh Taal Lake

    Surface area: 1,790 Acres

    Location: Gorakhpur

    State: Uttar Pradesh

    Keetham Lake

    Type: Scenic Lake

    Surface area: 7.13 Km2

    Location: Agra

    State: Uttar Pradesh

    Belasagar Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 16 km2

    Location: Kulpahar

    State: Uttar Pradesh

    List of major ports on West Coast of India

    Barua Sagar Tal

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Location: Barua Sagar city

    State:  Uttar Pradesh

    Sheikha Jheel

    Type: Fresh water perennial

    Surface area: 30 Hectare

    Location: Aligarh

    State: Uttar Pradesh

    Bhimtal Lake

    Type: Largest natural Lake

    Location: Bhimtal

    State: Uttarakhand

    Dodital

    Type: Freshwater Lake

    Location: Dehradun

    State: Uttarakhand

    Nainital Lake

    Type: Natural Freshwater

    Surface area: 120.5 Acres

    Location: Nainital

    State: Uttarakhand

    Naukuchiatal

    Location: Nainital

    State: Uttarakhand

    Sat Tal

    Type: Freshwater Lake

    Surface area: 4 Hectare

    State: Uttarakhand

    Rabindra Sarobar (Dhakuria Lake)

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Surface area: 73 Acres

    Location: Kolkata

    State: West Bengal

    Senchal Lake

    Type: Artificial Lake

    Location: Darjeeling

    State: West Bengal

    East Calcutta Wetlands

    Type: Natural and human-made wetlands

    Surface area: 125 Km2

    Location: Kolkata

    State: West Bengal

    Santragachhi Lake

    Surface area: 32 Acres

    Location: Santragachhi

    State: West Bengal

    List of East and West flowing rivers in India with their characteristics

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