List of All the Political Parties in India 2022

List of All the Political Parties in India 2022: As India has a multi-party system, there are eight national parties in the county-- BSP, BJP, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, TMC, NCP, and NPP (the first national party from the North-East region). Apart from these, India has more than 50 recognised state parties as of 2022. Check the complete list of all the national and state parties in the country below.
National Parties of India
National Parties of India

List of All the Political Parties in India 2022: India has a multi-party system. As of January 2022, India has eight national parties, over 50 recognised state parties, and 2796 unrecognised parties. 

If a political party fulfils certain objectives then it is recognised as the national or state political party by the Election Commission of India (ECI). A party recognised by the ECI enjoys certain privileges such as a reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state-run television and radio, consultation in the setting of election dates, and more. 

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National Political Party:

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:

1. If a party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of 2014, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States. 

2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States in addition to 4 Lok Sabha seats. 

3. A party is recognised as a State Party in four or more States.

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List of all the National Parties in India

S.No.

Name

Abbreviation

Founding
Date

1.

Bharatiya Janata Party

 BJP

6 April 1980

2.

Indian National Congress

 INC

28 December 1885

3.

Communist Party of India (Marxist)

 CPI-M

7 November 1964

4.

Communist Party of India

 CPI

26 December 1925

5.

Bahujan Samaj Party

 BSP

14 April 1984

6.

Nationalist Congress Party

 NCP

10 June 1999

     7.  All India Trinamool Congress  AITC 1 January 1998
     8. National People's Party  NPP 6 January 2013

Source: Election Commission of India

State Political Party:

A registered party has to fulfil any of the following conditions to be known as the State political Party:

1. A party should win a minimum of 3% of the total number of seats or a minimum of 3 seats in the Legislative Assembly. 

2. A party should win at least 1 seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.

3. A political party should secure at least 6% of the total valid votes polled during the general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least 1 Lok Sabha, and 2 Legislative Assembly seats in that election. 

4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.

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List of all the State Parties in India

Name

Abbreviation

Foundation
Year

States/UT

Aam Aadmi Party

AAP

2012

Delhi, Punjab

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

AIADMK

1972

Puducherry, Tamil Nadu

All India Forward Bloc

AIFB

1939

West Bengal

All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

AIMIM

1927

Telangana

All India N.R. Congress

AINRC

2011

Puducherry

All India United Democratic Front

AIUDF

2004

Assam

All Jharkhand Students Union

AJSU

1986

Jharkhand

Asom Gana Parishad

AGP

1985

Assam

Biju Janata Dal

BJD

1997

Odisha

Bodoland People's Front

BPF

1985

Assam

Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam

DMDK

2005

Tamil Nadu

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

DMK

1949

Puducherry, Tamil Nadu

Indian Union Muslim League

IUML

1948

Kerala

Hill State People's Democratic Party

HSPDP

1968

Meghalaya

Indian National Lok Dal

INLD

1999

Haryana

Indian Union Muslim League

IUML

1948

Kerala

Jammu & Kashmir National Conference

JKNC

1932

Jammu & Kashmir

Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party

JKNPP

1982

Jammu & Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party

JKPDP

1998

Jammu & Kashmir

Janata Dal (Secular)

JD(S)

1999

Karnataka, Kerala

Janata Dal (United)

JD(U)

1999

Bihar

Jharkhand Mukti Morcha

JMM

1972

Jharkhand

People's Democratic Front

PDF

2017

Meghalaya

Kerala Congress (M)

KC(M)

1979

Kerala

Lok Janshakti Party

LJP

2000

Bihar

Maharashtra Navnirman Sena

MNS

2006

Maharashtra

Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party

MGP

1963

Goa

United People's Party Liberal

UPPL

2015

Assam

Mizo National Front

MNF

1959

Mizoram

Mizoram People's Conference

MPC

1972

Mizoram

Naga People's Front

NPF

2002

Manipur, Nagaland

Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party

NDPP

2017

Nagaland

Pattali Makkal Katchi

PMK

1989

Puducherry, Tamil Nadu

People's Party of Arunachal

PDA

1977

Arunachal Pradesh

Rashtriya Janata Dal

RJD

1997

Bihar, Jharkhand

Rashtriya Loktantrik Party

RLP

2020

Rajasthan

Zoram Nationalist Party

ZNP 1997 Mizoram

Revolutionary Socialist Party

RSP

1940

Kerala, West Bengal

Samajwadi Party

SP

1992

Uttar Pradesh

Shiromani Akali Dal

SAD

1920

Punjab

Shiv Sena

SS

1966

Maharashtra

Sikkim Democratic Front

SDF

1993

Sikkim

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

SKM

2013

Sikkim

Telangana Rashtra Samithi

TRS

2001

Telangana

Telugu Desam Party

TDP

1982

Andhra Pradesh, Telangana

United Democratic Party

UDP

1972

Meghalaya

YSR Congress Party

YSRCP

2011

Andhra Pradesh, Telangana

Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)

SJP

1990

Uttar Pradesh

Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation

CPI (ML)L

1974

Bihar

Goa Forward Party

GFP

2016

Goa

Indigenous People's Front of Tripura

IPFT

2009

Tripura

Janta Congress Chhattisgarh

JCC

2016

Chhattisgarh

Jan Nayak Janta Party

JJP

2018

Haryana

Source: Election Commission of India

A political party is a group of people who share similar political views, come together to contest elections and try to hold power in the government. The members of the political parties agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promoting the collective good.

Political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered with the Election Commission of India (EC). The number/status of national, state and regional parties increases or decreases on the basis of their performance in the elections.

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