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List of All the Political Parties in India

16-APR-2018 18:38
    National Parties of India

    India has very diverse multi party political system. As on April 13, 2018 there are three types of political parties in India i.e. national parties (7), state recognized party (24) and registered unrecognised parties (2044). All the political parties which wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI).

    A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state run television and radio in the favour of party. Election commission asks to these national parties regarding the date of elections and receives inputs for the conduct of free and fair polls.

    National Party:

    A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:

    1. If a party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of 2014, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.

    2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States in addition to 4 Lok Sabha seats.

    3. A party is recognised as a State Party in four or more States.

    List of all the National Parties in India are given below:

    S.No.

    Name

    Abbreviation

    Foundation
    year

    1.

     Bharatiya Janata Party

     BJP

    1980

    2.

     Indian National Congress

     INC

    1885

    3.

     Communist Party of India (Marxist)

     CPI-M

    1964

    4.

     Communist Party of India

     CPI

    1925

    5.

     Bahujan Samaj Party

     BSP

    1984

    6.

     Nationalist Congress Party

     NCP

    1999

         7.  All India Trinamool Congress  TMC           1998

    Source: Election Commission of India

    A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions to be known as State political Party:

    1. A party should win minimum3% of the total number of seats or a minimum of 3 seats in the Legislative Assembly.

    2. A party should win at least 1 seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction there of allotted to that State.

    3. A political party should secure at least 6% of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least 1 Lok Sabha, and 2 Legislative Assembly seats in that election.

    4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State. As on April 13, 2018 some parties in the list given below is no more state parties.

    S.No.

    Name

    Abbreviation

    Foundation
    Year

    States/UT

    1.

    Aam Aadmi Party

    AAP

    2012

    Delhi, Punjab

    2.

    All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

    AIADMK

    1972

    Puducherry, Tamil Nadu

    3.

    All India Forward Bloc

    AIFB

    1939

    West Bengal

    4.

    All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

    AIMIM

    1927

    Telangana

    5.

    All India N.R. Congress

    AINRC

    2011

    Puducherry

    6.

    All India United Democratic Front

    AIUDF

    2004

    Assam

    7.

    All Jharkhand Students Union

    AJSU

    1986

    Jharkhand

    8.

    Asom Gana Parishad

    AGP

    1985

    Assam

    9.

    Biju Janata Dal

    BJD

    1997

    Odisha

    10.

    Bodoland People's Front

    BPF

    1985

    Assam

    11.

    Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam

    DMDK

    2005

    Tamil Nadu

    12.

    Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

    DMK

    1949

    Puducherry, Tamil Nadu

    13.

    Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)

    HJC(BL)

    2007

    Haryana

    14.

    Hill State People's Democratic Party

    HSPDP

    1968

    Meghalaya

    15.

    Indian National Lok Dal

    INLD

    1999

    Haryana

    16.

    Indian Union Muslim League

    IUML

    1948

    Kerala

    17.

    Jammu & Kashmir National Conference

    JKNC

    1932

    Jammu & Kashmir

    18.

    Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party

    JKNPP

    1982

    Jammu & Kashmir

    19.

    Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party

    JKPDP

    1998

    Jammu & Kashmir

    20.

    Janata Dal (Secular)

    JD(S)

    1999

    Karnataka, Kerala

    21.

    Janata Dal (United)

    JD(U)

    1999

    Bihar

    22.

    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha

    JMM

    1972

    Jharkhand

    23.

    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)

    JVM(P)

    2006

    Jharkhand

    24.

    Kerala Congress (M)

    KC(M)

    1979

    Kerala

    25.

    Lok Janshakti Party

    LJP

    2000

    Bihar

    26.

    Maharashtra Navnirman Sena

    MNS

    2006

    Maharashtra

    27.

    Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party

    MGP

    1963

    Goa

    28.

    Manipur State Congress Party

    MSCP

    1997

    Manipur

    29.

    Mizo National Front

    MNF

    1959

    Mizoram

    30.

    Mizoram People's Conference

    MPC

    1972

    Mizoram

    31.

    Naga People's Front

    NPF

    2002

    Manipur, Nagaland

    32.

    National People's Party

    NPP

    2013

    Meghalaya

    33.

    Pattali Makkal Katchi

    PMK

    1989

    Puducherry, Tamil Nadu

    34.

    People's Party of Arunachal

    PPA

    1987

    Arunachal Pradesh

    35.

    Rashtriya Janata Dal

    RJD

    1997

    Bihar, Jharkhand

    36.

    Rashtriya Lok Dal

    RLD

    1996

    Uttar Pradesh

    37.

    Rashtriya Lok Samta Party

    RLSP

    2013

    Bihar

    38.

    Revolutionary Socialist Party

    RSP

    1940

    Kerala, West Bengal

    39.

    Samajwadi Party

    SP

    1992

    Uttar Pradesh

    40.

    Shiromani Akali Dal

    SAD

    1920

    Punjab

    41.

    Shiv Sena

    SS

    1966

    Maharashtra

    42.

    Sikkim Democratic Front

    SDF

    1993

    Sikkim

    43.

    Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

    SKM

    2013

    Sikkim

    44.

    Telangana Rashtra Samithi

    TRS

    2001

    Telangana

    45.

    Telugu Desam Party

    TDP

    1982

    Andhra Pradesh, Telangana

    46.

    United Democratic Party

    UDP

    1972

    Meghalaya

    47.

    YSR Congress Party

    YSRCP

    2011

    Andhra Pradesh, Telangana

    48.

    Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)

    SJP

    1990

    Uttar Pradesh

    Source: Election Commission of India

    A political party is a group of people who share similar political views, come together to contest elections and try to hold power in the government. The members of the political parties agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good. Political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (EC). Currently there are 6 national parties in India.

    Electoral Reforms in India

    Polity: Complete Study Material

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