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List of Ancient Astronomers and their contribution

15-DEC-2017 15:47
    List of Ancient Astronomers and their contribution

    The 4th and 6th century AD considered as 'Golden Age of India' because between these centuries, India had immense achievement in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, sculpting and painting. This period witnesses vast range of scientific and cultural achievements. Here, we are giving the list of Ancient Astronomers and their contribution for enhancing the knowledge of the reading about the ancient glory of India.

    List of Ancient Astronomers and their contribution

    Astronomers and their period


    Names of instrument used by them

    1000 BC



    Aryabhata (476 AD)

    Aryabhata Sidhanta


    1. Chakra Yantra (Disk instrument)

    2. Gola Yantra (Spherical instrument)

    Varahamihira (505 AD)

    Panch Sidhanta


    Brihat Jataka

    1. Chankra Yantra (Ring instrument)

    Brahmagupta (598 AD)

    Brahmasphuta Sidhanta


    1. Gola Yantra (Spherical instrument)

    2. Bhangana Yantra (Ring instrument)

    3. Chakra Yantra (Disk instrument)

    4. Dhanu Yantra (Bow & Arrow instrument)

    5. Ghati Yantra (Time Vessel)

    6. Shakat Yantra (Two pivoted sticks)

    7. Kartari Yantra (Scizzor instrument)

    8. Shalaka Yantra (Needle instrument)

    9. Yashti Yantra (Stick instrument)

    Lalla (700 AD)

    Shihya Dhi Vriddhida

    1. Shalaka Yantra (Needle instrument)

    Shripati (999 AD)




    1. Shalaka Yantra (Needle instrument)

    Bhaskaracharya (1072 AD)





    1. Chakra Yantra (Disk instrument)

    2. Chaapa Yantra (Semicirclular disk instrument)

    3. Yashti Yantra (Stick instrument)

    4. Gola Yantra (Spherical instrument)

    Ganesh Daywanya (1507 AD)




    1. Jalanalika Yantra (Star positioning instrument)

    This period also witnesses the Earth is not flat, but round and it is rotating on its own axis causing a lunar eclipse. Discoveries regarding gravity, planets and solar system were also made during this time. Not only scientific, but there were developments in literature as well that includes famous story tales of Panchatantra, the very popular Kama Sutra, epics of Ramanyana and Mahabharata were also written in this period.

    Development of Science and Technology during Ancient India

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