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List of Major Coal Fields in India

23-DEC-2016 15:40

    India is one the richest countries in mineral resources in the world. Since India’s internal structure of earth is the product of ancient hard rock’s therefore all types of mineral are found here. Gondawana rocks (Chhota Nagpur Plateau) are the richest mineral deposits in India. Here, we are giving the list of Major Coal Fields in India which is very important as GK Study material for the aspirants who are preparing for the different competitive examinations.


    Source: www.geo.hunter.cuny.edu

    There are four types of coal found in India: Anthracite (Best quality of coal found only in Jammu & Kashmir); Bituminous (Second best quality of coal); Lignite (Found in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Jammu & Kashmir). Coal accounts for approx. 67 % of total commercial energy produced in India and 98% of India’s total account is found in Gondwana rocks of Moran region. The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha. The first effort made to extract coal with modern technology in India was at Ranigunj coal region in West Bengal. The list of Major Coal Fields in India is given below:

    Mineral belts in India

    List of Major Coal Fields in India


    Coal Field

    West Bengal

    Ranigunj (Oldest coal field in India)


    Jharia (Largest), Bokaro, Dhanbad, Giridih, Karanpura, Ramgarh, Daltonganj

    Madhya Pradesh

    Singrauli, Suhagpur,  Johila, Umaria, Satpura coalfield


    Talcher, Himgiri, Rampur

    Andhra Pradesh

    Kantapalli, Singareni


    Korba, Bisrampur, Sonhat, Jhilmil, Hasdo-Arand


    Makum, Najira, Janji, Jaipur


    Umralong, Darrangiri, Cherrapunji, Mawlong, Langrin

    Arunachal Pradesh


    Coal is found in sedimentary rocks beneath rock surface and is often called “Black Gold”. The above list of Major Coal Fields in India gives extracted revision capsule for the aspirants of different examinations.

    Economic Geography of India

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