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National Health Programmes In India

04-OCT-2017 18:59

    Human health not only influenced the immunity of society, but also social structures, culture, politics, and economics. The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is instrumental and responsible for implementation of various programmes on a national scale in the areas of health, prevention and control of major communicable diseases and promotion of traditional and indigenous systems of medicines. Here we are giving the list of National health programmes in India for general awareness.

    Health and India

    List of National Health Programmes in India

    National Health Programmes

    Year of launched

    Objective/Description

    National Cancer Control Programme

     1975

    Primary prevention of cancers by health education regarding
    hazards of tobacco consumption and necessity of genital hygiene for prevention of cervical cancer, etc.

     National Program for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPPCD)

     ----

    To prevent the avoidable hearing loss on account of disease or injury, etc.

     District Mental Health Program (NMHP)

    1982

    To ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental health care for all in the foreseeable future, particularly to the most vulnerable and underprivileged sections of population.

    National Cancer Registry Programme

    1982

    To provide true information on cancer prevalence and incidence.

    National Leprosy Eradication Program

    started in 1955, launched in 1983

    To arrest the disease activity in all the known cases of leprosy.

     Universal Immunization Program (UIP)

     1985

    To achieve self-sufficiency in vaccine production and the manufacture of cold-chain equipment for storage purpose, etc.

    National Vector Borne Disease Control Program

     ----

    For the prevention and control of vector borne diseases

    National Tobacco Control Program

    2007

    Preventing the initiation of smoking among young people, educating, motivating and assisting smokers to quit smoking, etc.

     National Program of Health Care for the Elderly (NPHCE)

    2010

    To provide preventive, curative and rehabilitative services to the elderly persons at various level of health care delivery system of the country, etc.

    National Health Policy, 2017, is to inform, clarify, strengthen and prioritize the role of the Government in shaping health systems in all its dimensions- investment in health, organization and financing of healthcare services, prevention of diseases and promotion of good health through cross sectoral action, access to technologies, developing human resources, encouraging medical pluralism, building the knowledge base required for better health, financial protection strategies and regulation and progressive assurance for health. The policy emphasizes reorienting and strengthening the Public Health Institutions across the country, so as to provide universal access to free drugs, diagnostics and other essential healthcare. Hence, we can say that in the above list of National health programmes in India will enhance the general knowledge of readers.

    Rural Development Programmes

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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