National Security Guard: History, Functions and Operations

The National Security Guard (NSG) was formed on September 22, 1986 to save the country from terror activities. NSG was formed on the pattern of the GSG-9 of Germany and SAS of the United Kingdom. The National Security Guard (NSG) comes under the control of Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
National Security Guards
National Security Guards

Important Facts about National Security Guard

Head of the NSG: Director-General

Headquarters: New Delhi

Ministry: Ministry of Home Affairs

Employees: 7,350 active personnel

Annual budget: Rs 816 crore (2017-18)

Main operations conducted 

i.  Black Thunder

ii.  Ashwamedh

iii. Combat missions in Jammu and Kashmir

iv. Vajra Shakti

v. Black Tornado

List of National Security Advisor in India

History of The National Security Guard (NSG)

The NSG was established in the wake of Operation Blue Star of 1984. During this operation the central government desperately needed to have a special force to tackle terror activities. 

What is National Security Guard (NSG)?

National Security Guard (NSG) is a specialist force to tackle terror activities in any part of the country. It's world-Class “Zero Error Force”. The NSG is served by the officers/personnel from the Central Armed Police Forces, Indian Army and State Police Forces.

NSG has become a formidable Force through its training and operational achievements and dedication. The NSG personnel are often referred as Black Cats because of the black outfit and black cat insignia on their uniform.

The moto of the NSG is "Sarvatra Sarvottam Suraksha".That is why it completes the operation with the objective of "Never Give Up". Its proud to say that whenever wherever NSG deployed, the these black Commandos of the NSG have executed their task with accuracy and courage.

Functions of National Security Guard (NSG)

1. Counter hijacking tasks on land, sea, and air

2. Bomb disposal (search, detection and neutralization of IEDs) 

3. Post Blast Investigation (PBI) 

4. Hostage Rescue missions like in Taj Hotel during 26/11 Mumbai attack

5. VIP security (like security to Cabinet Ministers and others eminent persons)

When was the National Security Guard formed?

In the year 1984 the Union Cabinet decided to create a Federal Contingency Force to tackle terror activities on Indian soil. So a bill was introduced in the Indian parliament in August 1986 and the President of India has approved the bill on September 22, 1986 and the National Security Guard (NSG) formally came into existence from that date.

Why was the National Security Guard formed

The basic philosophy behind the establishment of the NSG was to create such a dedicated, responsible and agile task force that can strike speedily on all facets of terrorism in any part of the country as a Federal Contingency Force. 

The NSG is a task oriented force that has 2 complementary elements consists of Special Ranger Groups (SRG) and the Special Action Group (SAG). 

The Special Ranger Groups (SRG), comprises of personnel drawn from the Central Armed Police Forces and State Police Forces while Special Action Group (SAG) is composed of Army personnel.
The National Security Guard (NSG) remains ready 24x7 to meet all challenges to ensure security of the Nation.

List of Cabinet Ministers of India 2019

What is Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA)?

Get the latest General Knowledge and Current Affairs from all over India and world for all competitive exams.
Jagran Play
खेलें हर किस्म के रोमांच से भरपूर गेम्स सिर्फ़ जागरण प्ले पर
Jagran PlayJagran PlayJagran PlayJagran Play