Pongal 2023: What are the 4 types of Pongal & what is their significance?

Pongal 2023: Pongal is the harvest festival mainly celebrated by the Tamil people at the end of the harvest season. Pongal is a 4-day festival.
What are the different types of Pongal?
What are the different types of Pongal?

Pongal is the harvest festival mainly celebrated by the Tamil people at the end of the harvest season. Pongal is a 4 - day festival. It generally takes place from 13 January to 16 January in the Gregorian calendar. Pongal is distinguished successively for a period of 4 days.

 

  • Bhogi / Bhogi Pongal

On the 1st day called Bhogi Pongal, old clothes and other similar materials are thrown away & set on fire. On this auspicious day, people clean their homes comprehensively and dispose of unwanted materials. Pongal festival is well thought-out as a time to shed away the old and greet the new. People adulate Lord Indra to this day. A bonfire called Bhogi Mantalu is lit.

 

  • Veethu Pongal or Sarkarai Pongal

The 2nd day of Pongal is the most important day. It is also called Veethu Pongal or Sarkarai Pongal. It is celebrated by making a sweet dish made from rice, jaggery, and milk. The sweet dish (Sarkarai Pongal) is presented to the Sun as a symbol of thanksgiving to Sun God and nature for affluence.

 

  • Mattu Pongal

The 3rd day of the festival is called Mattu Pongal. On this day thanks are given to the cattle. On this auspicious day, cattle are bejeweled with flowers, paint, bells, etc. The horns of cattle are decorated and made clean. In some of the villages in Tamil Nadu, 'Jallikattu' takes place. Jallikattu is a contest wherein bundles of notes are attached to the horns of the ferocious bulls that the farmers try to pull through.

 

  • Kaanum Pongal

The final day of Pongal is Kaanum Pongal. On this auspicious day, people visit their friends and relatives. People present food to the crow. They visit temples and proffer respect to elders. On this day, the sun is worshipped.  

 

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