The searing, arid weather of Rajasthan, its immense sandy regions, mountainous swathe and plentiful rivers, water bodies and lakes offer sundry habitation conditions apposite for numerous genuses of reptiles which comprises of snakes, crocodiles, turtles and lizards. Two species of crocodiles, the gharial and the marsh crocodile dwell in the rivers. Of the entire 30 varieties of snakes found in Rajasthan, 26 are non-venomous. The 4 poisonous snakes comprises of the Indian krait (Bungarus caeruleus), Russell’s viper (Vipera russelii), Pud (Ecbis caeruleus) and the Indian cobra (Naja naja). Unless aggravated or stepped ahead, the snakes do not assail human beings. Rock python (Python molurus) is of the largest snakes found in the state of Rajasthan. Even though python snakes can be found in many wildlife sanctuaries, the finest place to dot them in winters is at Keoladeo national park in Bharatpur.
The black buck and Abinkara are well thought-out holy and insistently cosseted. Hefty herds of these elegant antelopes wander liberally in the Bishnoi pastures in the arid regions of the state. Yet the influential maharajas of the pre - independent nation desisted from chasing on the Bishnoi lands, as per the opinion of the conservators. No poacher or hunter is likely to endeavor to hound in these regions for terror of the rage of the region. It is for this reason; there are additional untamed animals to be found in afforest regions than in the forest areas.
Despite a moderately antagonistic topography, Rajasthan astonishingly is the dwelling of numerous birds and mammals. It’s enormous dimension and latitudinal disparity higher than the sea level offers it with diverse foliage. It provides partially green woodland of Mount Abu to desiccated grasslands of the desolate tract, and from the dehydrated deciduous barb forest of Aravalli to the wetlands of Bharatpur. Sanctuaries, inaccessible scenery with a number of backdrops that pull towards itself flocks of species from their fleeting habitat that presents contented continuation.
WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve
Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve stands on the intersection of the Aravalli and the Vindhyas around 14 Kilometers from Sawai Madhopur region in Eastern Rajasthan. It slumps over an unreliable and surging landscape. The panorama changes radically from mild and sheer grades of Vindhyas and pointed & tapering hills of Aravallis. A 10th century fortification also merges cordially with the milieu. A noteworthy biological attribute within the area is the “Huge Boundary Fault' where Vindhaya upland convenes the Aravalli range. Tiger is not the lone magnetism at Ranthambhore though it is the solitary park dweller that people approach to observe. A diversity of birds counting the omnipresent Langur, Owlets, Caracal, Leopard, Jackal, Hyena, quagmire Crocodiles, Wild Boar, Jungle Cat, Bears and a variety of types of Deer are the supplementary magnetism.
Tal Chapper Sanctuary
Situated on the tassel of the enormous Indian Thar Desert is snuggled an elite refuge of the most graceful Antelope bumped in India “The Black buck”. Tal Chapper sanctuary with almost flat tract and interspersed shallow low lying areas has unwrapped grassland with prosopis trees and dotted Acacia which give it a manifestation of an archetypal Savanna. The Geology of the region is hidden by the airstream gusted over - burden. The entire sanctuary used to be swamped by water for the duration of the profound rains but with the salt mining carried out in the watershed.
A previous regal hunting protection of the Kota Maharaja, it is a densely woody sanctuary positioned along the South-East boundary of Kota. This mountainous sanctuary with dense forests is a must visit. The animals in Darrah Sanctuary comprises of Sloth Bear, Wolf, Leopard and Chinkara. The Darrah Sanctuary is extended in the region of 250 sq Kilometers, approximately 50 Kilometers from Kota district. The finest instance for a stopover is amid February and May.
Sariska Tiger Reserve
The Sariska Tiger Reserve is located around200 kilometers from Delhi and 107 kilometers from Jaipur. Although it is larger than Ranthambore region, it is less commercialized but has alike landscape. It wraps a vicinity of 800 sq kilometers in totality, with a hub region of about 500 sq kilometers. Sariska Tiger Reserve is dwelling to plentiful carnivores including Wild Dog, Leopard, Civets Hyena, Jungle Cat, Tiger and Jackal. These nosh on animals such as Chital, Sambar, Chausingha, Nilgai, Langur and Wild Boar. Sariska Tiger Reserve is also famous for its hefty populace of Rhesus Monkeys. The reserve also includes Grey Partridge, Sand Grouse, Golden backed Woodpecker, Peafowl, Bush Quail, crested Serpent Eagle, Tree Pie and the Great Indian horned Owl.
Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary
It is situated 5 kilometers in Western Udaipur, which environs Sajjangarh Palace. From the Sajjangarh Palace, one can have a splendid sight of Aravalli hill ranges and lakes of Udaipur. The sight of Sunset and Sunrise draws every tourist atop of the Bansdara mount. Species like Hyena, Panther, Jackal and Hare has re-emerged separately from diversity of birds and reptiles.
Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary is situated in the rockiest terrain of Rajsamand, Udaipur and Pali districts of Rajasthan. It is a dwelling to a great diversity of animals including leopards, wolf, hyena, sloth bear, jungle cat, jackal, nilgai, sambhar, chaisingh, hare and chinkara. The usually timid grey forest fowl can be dotted here. Doves and Peacocks can be spectacled frequently nourished on grains sprinkled by the jungle sentry. Bird like Parakeets, red spur owls, grey Pigeons, golden Oriole, Dove , white breasted kingfisher and Bulbul can also be perceived near the water holes.
Desert National Park
The Desert National Park is an exceptional illustration of the ecological unit of Thar Desert and its wealthy fauna. The species include chinkara, blackbuck, Indian fox, wolf, hare, desert cat and desert fox. Green bee-eaters and Blue tailed, drongos, Indian rollers and bush quail are the birds, which are generally found around waterholes. The Desert National Park is also dwelling to the Bustard which is at the threat of extermination.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
This splendid bird retreat came into being ironically as a duck shelling safeguard for Suraj Mull, the Maharaja of Bharatpur. He altered the superficial despair formed by the convergence of Gambhir River and Banganga River into a basin by damming the rain water in monsoon seasons. Inundation of water shaped trivial wetland ecological unit causing it to be an ideal habitat for an astonishing multiplicity of birds. Various fauna counting highly uncommon, endangered and scarce species are found in this Keoladeo Ghana National Park. The past narration of Mount Abu specifies the occurrence of Tiger and Lion. Currently the Panther is the peak predator. Other species found here are Jungle Cat, Sambhar, Wolf, Small Indian Civet, Jackal, Hyaena, Common Langoor, Indian Fox, Pangolin, Wild Boar, Common Mongoose, Porcupine, Hedgehog and Indian Hare, etc.