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Rashtriya Ekta Diwas 2019: All you need to know

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is observed on 31st October in India and is also known as National Unity Day. Do you know why is it celebrated and who was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel? Let us find out!  
Oct 31, 2019 10:45 IST
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Rashtriya Ekta Diwas
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day commemorates the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. In 2019, the 144th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is celebrated. He played an important role in uniting India. He is also famous as an Iron Man of India and one of the founding leaders of the Republic of India.

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas: History

In 2014, the Government of India introduced Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day with an aim to pay tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on his birth anniversary. He is always remembered for his extraordinary works for the country and no doubt, he worked hard in keeping India united.

Let us also tell you that, Rashtriya Ekta Diwas was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, by paying tribute to the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's statue and flagging of a program which was known as 'Run For Unity' in New Delhi. Run for unity was held to spread awareness about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's contribution to Indian history.

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas: Celebration

A series of special events will be organised across the country according to the Home Ministry. In fact, the Union Home Minister Amit Shah has written to all the states and Union Territories to celebrate Rashtriya Ekta Diwas with enthusiasm and fervour on the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and following the dilution of Article 370 of the Constitution.

Summary of Indian National Movement

This year, National Unity Day has a special significance, as it marks the completion of the task of making Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh an integral part of India by abrogating Article 370. This truly represents the dream of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel of an integrated India.

A parade at Kevadiya in Gujarat which is the site of the Statue of Unity will be organised. Police forces of each State and Union Territory and Central Armed Forces will participate in the Parade. All district administration will organise a 'Run for Unity' parade. To inspire people, Patel's portrait with an inscription "No one would be permitted to damage the security, unity, and integrity of India" will be displayed in all police stations and police offices.

A pledge will be required to read out at State and Central government offices.

Pledge is "I solemnly pledge that I dedicate myself to preserve the unity, integrity and security of the nation and also strive hard to spread this message among my fellow countrymen. I take this pledge in the spirit of unification of my country which was made possible by the vision and actions of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. I also solemnly resolve to make my own contribution to ensure internal security of my country.”

Not only this, the Sardar Patel Unity Award has been instituted and the centre has asked State and Union Territories to nominate civilians who are working towards national unity and integrity. On this day, in several schools and colleges a variety of cultural activities are also performed including banners, posters making, essay competition, speech reciting, quiz competition, paintings, debate, etc.

Facts about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

- The full name of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel.

- He was born on 31 October, 1875 at Nadiad, Gujarat, India and died on 15 December, 1950 at Bombay.

- After Indian independence, he served the first three years as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Information and Minister of States.

- He attended primary school at Karamasad and high school at Petlad.

- He married at the age of 16, matriculated at 22 and passed district pleader's examination due to which he was able to practice law.

- In Godhra, he set up an independent office of district pleader in 1900.

- In August 1910, he went to London for further studies.

- In 1913, he returned to India and settled in Ahmadabad and became a barrister in criminal law at the Ahmadabad bar.

- He served as the first Indian municipal commissioner of Ahmadabad from 1917 to 1924 and was elected as a municipal president from 1924 to 1928.

- In 1918 he made his first mark by a mass campaign of peasants, farmers, and landowners of Kaira, Gujarat, against the decision of the Bombay government. Despite crop failures due to heavy rains, the government wanted to collect full annual taxes.

- In 1928, he successfully led the Bardoli campaign and earned the title Sardar that is "leader".

- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the second candidate after Mahatma Gandhi to the presidency of the 1929 Lahore session of the Indian National Congress.

- In 1931, he presided the Karachi session of the Indian National Congress.

- He was the first chairman and founder of the Edward Memorial High School Borsad (E.M.H.S) now, it is known as Jhaverbhai Dajibhai Patel High School.

He always worked hard to make India a United India (Ek Bharat). To create Shreshth Bharat or Foremost India, he requested people of India to live together. Being the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, he played an important role in the integration of many Indian princely states to make an Indian federation.

Important Days and Dates in October 2019

Important Days and Dates in 2019: National and International