The National Anthem of India is “Jana Gana Mana" was written in Bengali by the Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1911. It was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. For the time it was sung at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911. A formal completion of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds. Its shortest version comprising of the first and last lines takes about 20 seconds to play.
Word to Word Meaning of National Anthem:
Facts at a Glance:
Following is a translation of the five stanzas that glorify the King:
First stanza: People of India will wake up while remembering your good name and ask for your good blessings and they sing your glories. (Tava shubha naame jaage; tava shubha aashish maage, gaaye tava jaya gaatha).
Second stanza: Peoples of all religions gathered around your throne and waiting anxiously to hear your kind words.
Third stanza: Praised to the King for being the messenger of good wishes who will take away all the miseries with them.
Fourth stanza: It says that the peoples of this country are drowned in the deep ignorance and suffering on all fronts like poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition etc. hence they are waiting eagerly for the wink of your eye and your mother's (the Queen's) true protection.
Fifth stanza: with your sympathetic plans, the sleeping Bharat (India) will wake up. We bow down to your feet O' Queen, and glory to Rajeshwara (the King).