What are the rights of the children in India?
Although we all have read and heard about human rights but people talk lesser about children's rights because people think that they are children,so what kind of rights children can have? But for the kind information of such ignorant persons we made this article so that rights of the children can also be known by parents and other civilians.
The declaration related to the rights of children is the most obvious and comprehensive in the International Human Rights law. In the article 54 of the International Human Rights, the rights like financial, social and political related to children are given together.
1.Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006
Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006 in India was implemented from November 1, 2007. UNICEF has defined the marriage of girls before the age of 18 years as a child marriage and for boys this age is 21 years and its violation is considered as the violation of human rights. The government of India passed The Child Marriage Act 2006 to prevent the child marriages in India. Child Marriage Restraint Act, 2006 was brought in place of Child Marriage Restriction Act -1929.
The man whose age is 21 years and the woman whose age is below 18 is kept in the category of child.
2.Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
The most controversial legislation related to children's right in India is "Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. This Act has clearly mentioned that how children can work and where they can't work?
Image source:Times of India
3.Right to Education
Article 21-A has been included as a fundamental right in the Indian Constitution by the 68th Constitution Amendment Act, 2002, in which provision has been made to provide free and compulsory education to all children under the age group of 6-14 years. This law compels all the government aided\private schools in India to provide 25% seats to the children of economically backward sections of the societies.
According to UNICEF, any person under the age of 18 is recruited, transported, transferred or sheltered for the purpose of exploitation within or outside the country, then it falls under the crime of child trafficking.
5.The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO Act) 2012
There are 53% of children in India face child sexual abuse in some form. Therefore, in India this act has been implemented for both male and female. This law prohibits the display of pornography in front of the children and any kind of involvement of the children in pornographic content and even storage of pornography related to children is also an offence. This act makes child sexual abuse a punishable offence.
6. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2015 has been passed by the Rajya Sabha. It was introduced in Parliament in 2014 after public outrage because one of the offenders in the 2012 gang rape case was a few months short of 18 years of age. The bill had already been passed by the Lok Sabha.now the age of a Juvenile is reduced to 16 years.
किसी शायर ने ठीक ही कहा है कि,
"बच्चे मन के सच्चे, सारे जग की आँख के तारे,
ये वो नन्हे फूल हैं जो भगवन को लगते प्यारे!!"
So in the concluding remarks it can be said that the children also have some rights which must be respected by the every individual of the society. Children must not only be respected for their innocence but also for their contribution in the development of the future of the country.