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Which States of India share boundaries with Nepal?

India shares borders with China, Nepal, Burma (Myanmar), Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. It is the seventh-largest country in the world by area. In this article, we will see in detail about the states of India that share boundaries with Nepal.
Jul 5, 2020 04:41 IST
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India-Nepal border
India-Nepal border

A new political map was released by Nepal that claims Kalapani, Limpiyadhura, and Lipulekh of Uttarakhand as part of Nepal's territory. The areas of Susta in the West Champaran district in Bihar can also be noted in the new map. 

On 20 May, 2020, condemning the act, India's Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said "The Government of Nepal has released a revised official map of Nepal that includes parts of Indian territory. This unilateral action is not based on historical facts and evidence. It is contrary to the bilateral understanding to resolve the outstanding boundary issues through diplomatic dialogue. Such artificial enlargement of territorial claims will not be accepted by India."

The defence minister of India on 8 May, 2020, virtually inaugurated a new 80 km-long road in the Himalayas, connecting to the border with China, at the Lipulekh pass. But it was immediately protested by the Nepali government contending that the road crosses territory and claims that India is changing the status quo without diplomatic consultations.

Border of India and Nepal is unique in the world because people of both countries can cross it from any point. Both countries have sustainable trade and international relations.

Indian states that share borders with Nepal are Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, and Bihar. Out of these, Uttar Pradesh shares the longest international border with Nepal.

Let us tell you that the border was formed after the Sugauly treaty of 1816 between Nepal and the British Raj. On 15 August, 1947 after the Independence from British Raj it came into its current shape. In 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship took place.

The State-wise length of the borders is as under:

State

Total Length ( approximately in Km)

Uttar Pradesh

651

Uttarakhand

303

West Bengal

96

Bihar

601

Sikkim

97.8

TOTAL

1748.8

 

  1. Uttar Pradesh:

Uttar Pradesh is the largest state of India. It lies in the north-central part of the country.

- To the north, it is bounded with Nepal.

- To the east, it is bounded by the state of Bihar.

- To the southeast, it is bounded by the state of Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh.

- To the south, it is bounded by the state of Madhya Pradesh.

- To the west, it is bounded by the states of Rajasthan, Haryana and national capital Delhi.

On 26 January, 1950, Uttar Pradesh got its name when India became a republic. Its capital is Lucknow. Its area is 2,40,928 sq. km and population according to the 2011 census 199,581,477. Uttar Pradesh is divided into two distinct regions Southern Hills and Gangetic Plain. The main occupation is agriculture that is around 66% of the population of state practice agriculture. The net cultivated area in the state is 164.17 lakh hectares.

Which States of India share boundaries with Pakistan?

  1. Uttarakhand

On 9 November, 2000 Uttarakhand was formed and became the 27th State of India.

- The State shares international boundaries with China (Tibet) in the north and Nepal in the east.

- To the north-west, it is bounded with Himachal Pradesh.

- To the south, it is bounded with Uttar Pradesh.

Uttarakhand is located at the foothills of the Himalayan mountain ranges and is a large hilly State. Its area is 53,483 sq km and according to the 2011 census total population is 1,01,16,752. Dehradun is the capital of Uttarakhand. The state bird is the Himalayan Monal, the state tree is Rhododendron (Buransh) and the state flower is Brahm Kamal. The languages spoken are Hindi, Garhwali, and Kumaoni.

  1. West-Bengal

West Bengal is located in the eastern part of India.

- To the north, it is bounded by Bhutan and the state of Sikkim.

- To the east, it is bounded by Bangladesh.

- To the northeast, it is bounded by the state of Assam.

- To the south, it is bounded by the Bay of Bengal.

- To the north-west, it is bounded by Nepal.

- To the west, it is bounded by the state of Bihar.

West Bengal was formed on 26 January, 1950. Its area is 88,752 sq km and according to census 2011, the population is 9,13,47,736. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal. Languages spoken are Bengali, Hindi, English, and Nepali. The state animal is a fishing cat, the state bird is White-throated Kingfisher, the state tree is Devil tree and the state flower is Night-flowering Jasmine. 

  1. Bihar

Bihar state is located in the eastern part of the country. It is a land-locked state.

- To the north, it is bounded by Nepal.

- To the north-east, it is bounded by West Bengal.

- To the south and south-east, it is bounded by Jharkhand.

Patna is the capital of Bihar. Its total area is 94,163 sq. km. According to 2011 census, population is 10,38,04,637. Languages spoken by most of the people are Hindi, Urdu, Bihari languages of Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magahi. Around three-fourth population of Bihar practice agriculture.

  1. Sikkim

Sikkim is located in the northeastern part of the country and is one of the smallest states of India.

- To the north and northeast, it is bounded by the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.

- To the southeast, it is bounded by Bhutan.

- To the south, it is bounded by West Bengal.

- To the west, it is bounded by Nepal.

Gangtok is the capital of Sikkim. Its area is 7096 sq km and according to the 2011 census, its population is 6,07,688. Tribal groups that are prominent are the Bhutia, the Lepcha, and the Limbu. They all speak Tibeto-Burman languages and practice Mahayana Buddhism as well as the indigenous Bon religion.

These are the Indian states that share boundaries with Nepal.

             Boundary

Name of Indian States

Nepal share boundary with:

Uttar Pradesh

Uttarakhand

West Bengal

Bihar

Sikkim

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Which States of India share boundaries with Bangladesh?