Pongal 2022: Know Date, History, Significance, Celebration here

Pongal 2022: Pongal is observed by the Tamil community across the world in mid-January every year. It is one of the biggest harvest festivals in India along with Makar Sankranti. Know the history, significance, and celebrations of the Pongal festival here.
Pongal festival
Pongal festival

Pongal 2022: One of the most popular festivals in India is Pongal and is celebrated widely by the Tamil community across the globe. As per the Tamil solar calendar, Pongal is celebrated in Tai month. It is a four-day event that is dedicated to the Sun God. It also marks the beginning of Uttarayan, the journey of Sun northward. Why is the Pongal festival celebrated, how is it celebrated, what is its significance? Let us find out!

Pongal 2022: Date

According to the Gregorian calendar, the Pongal festival will be observed on 14 January 2022. It is a four-day festival. Therefore, it will be celebrated from14 January to 17 January 2022.

What is the Pongal festival?

The term 'Pongal' is derived from Tamil literature which means 'to boil'. It is an ancient festival of South India, particularly Tamils. It is basically a harvest festival which is celebrated for four-day-long in Tamil Nadu in the month of January-February (Thai) during the solar equinox after harvesting crops like rice, sugarcane, turmeric, etc.

Pongal festival is a four-day celebration affair. Each day is marked by different festivities- The first day is called the Bhogi festival; the Second day is called Thai Pongal; the Third day is called Mattu Pongal; the Fourth day is called Kaanum Pongal.

READ| Makar Sankranti 2022: Know about Date, Puja Time, History, Significance, Celebration here

pongal-celebration

History of the Pongal Festival

The history of the festival can be traced back to the Sangam Age and is considered as the ‘Dravidian Harvest festival’. But some historians claim that this festival is dated back at least 2,000 years old. It was celebrated as Thai Niradal.

According to the legends, during this festive season, unmarried girls prayed for the agricultural prosperity of the country, and for this purpose, they observed penance during the Tamil month of Margazhi.  They abstained from the consumption of milk and milk products, didn't oil their hair throughout the month. The use of harsh words is strictly refrained by them. Ceremonial bath in the early morning as part of the ritual of penance.

READ| Chhath Puja: 10 Amazing facts about History, Origin, and Rituals

Why is Pongal celebrated?

According to Hindu Mythology, Lord Shiva once asked Basava (Bull) to visit the Earth and ask the Human to have an oil massage and bath every day. But Basava (Bull) announced that eat daily and have an oil bath once a month. This makes Lord Shiva furious and he cursed the Basava (Bull) to live on the Earth forever and said that Basava (Bull) has to plough the fields and help people produce more food. Hence, people after harvesting celebrate this festival with crops and cattle.

Importance of the Pongal

It is basically a harvesting festival or it can be considered as the 'thanksgiving' festival' because this festival is celebrated to thank the Sun God and Lord Indra for helping farmers in getting better-yielding crops. During the festival, people reject old belongings and welcome new stuff.

Significance of the Pongal

As we know that India is an agricultural country and the majority of the festivals are inclined towards nature. Just like another festival, the Pongal is referred to as Uttarayan Punyakalam which bears special significance in Hindu mythology and is considered extremely auspicious.

READ| Important Days and Dates in January 2022

FAQ

In which state Pongal is celebrated?

Pongal festival is widely celebrated in Tamil Nadu and other southern states of India. It is a popular harvest festival.

What is the significance of the Pongal festival?

India is an agricultural country and the majority of the festivals are inclined towards nature. Just like another festival, the Pongal is referred to as Uttarayan Punyakalam which bears special significance in Hindu mythology and is considered extremely auspicious.

For how many days the Pongal festival is celebrated?

Pongal festival is a four-day celebration affair. Each day marked by different festivities- First day is called the Bhogi festival; the Second day is called Thai Pongal; the Third day is called Mattu Pongal; the Fourth day is called Kaanum Pongal.

What is the Pongal festival?

The term 'Pongal' is derived from the Tamil literature which means 'to boil'. It is an ancient festival of South India, particularly Tamils. It is basically a harvest festival which is celebrated for four-day-long in Tamil Nadu in the month of January-February (Thai) during the solar equinox after harvesting crops like rice, sugarcane, turmeric, etc.
Get the latest General Knowledge and Current Affairs from all over India and world for all competitive exams.
Jagran Play
खेलें हर किस्म के रोमांच से भरपूर गेम्स सिर्फ़ जागरण प्ले पर
Jagran PlayJagran PlayJagran PlayJagran Play