World Sparrow Day 2022: Know Date, Theme, History and Significance
World Sparrow Day 2022: One of the most ubiquitous birds on earth is the sparrow, mainly the common house sparrow. It is one of the oldest companions of human beings. Over a period of time, they evolved with us. Sparrows were once a common bird all over the world, but in recent years, this bird has been on the verge of extinction across much of its natural range, both in urban and rural habitats. Their decline is an indicator of the continuous degradation of the environment around us.
Therefore, World Sparrow Day is celebrated on March 20 to raise awareness about sparrows and other common birds affected by the environment which are on the verge of extinction.
In our childhood, during bedtime or during meals we all listen to stories about sparrows, monkeys, foxes, kings, queens, etc. by our grandparents and parents. Earlier, mostly we wake up by the melodious chirping of sparrows but these common house sparrows are on the verge of extinction today. It is said that now sparrows are just a memory. Due to large and huge towering buildings, natural flora and fauna are disturbed and this ubiquitous bird is now, no longer a common sight.
On 20 March, World Sparrow Day is observed every year to raise awareness. We hope that on this day individuals, various government agencies, scientific communities would come up with the measures to save them. In this way, we will be able to save biodiversity also. It is necessary to find out the reason why our oldest companions are on the verge of extinction.
World Sparrow Day 2022: Theme
World Sparrow Day is celebrated on 20 March every year in many countries around the world. Every year celebration is organised according to the theme. The theme for World Sparrow Day is "I LOVE Sparrows" and is pictured like " I ♥ Sparrows". It is a hope that with this theme more people will join several events and campaigns to protect the sparrows. We all have had some kind of special bond with sparrows since our childhood. Theme “I Love sparrow” will remind people of the love and bond with sparrows and encourage them to come forward.
World Sparrow Day: History
First World Sparrow Day was celebrated on March 20, 2010. Every year, this day is celebrated all over the world to raise awareness about house sparrows and other common birds affected by the environment. The Nature Forever Society (NFS) in India started an international initiative to celebrate World Sparrow Day. This society works in collaboration with the Eco-Sys Action Foundation from France. The Nature Forever Society was founded by an Indian conservationist, Mohammed Dilawar, who started his work by helping the house sparrows in Nasik. For his efforts, he was named "Heroes of the Environment" for 2008 by TIME Magazine.
Interesting facts about Sparrows
1. Do you know the main difference between male and female sparrows? The females have brown backs with stripes, while the males have reddish backs with black bibs. Also, a male sparrow is slightly larger than a female.
2. Sparrows live in colonies known as flocks.
3. If they sense danger, they can swim at a fast pace.
4. Sparrows are not territorial in nature; they are protective and build their nests.
5. Male sparrows construct nests to attract their female counterparts.
6. The house sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae.
7. House sparrows can live in urban or rural settings as they are strongly associated with human habitations.
8. They are found in widely varied habitats and climates, not in woodlands, deserts, forests, and grasslands.
9. The average life expectancy of the wild sparrow is under 10 years and mainly closer to 4 to 5 years.
10. The flight of house sparrows is direct with continued flapping and no periods of gliding, averaging 45.5 km/h (28.3 mph) and about 15 wingbeats per second.
So now we come to know that World Sparrow Day is observed on March 20 every year around the world to raise awareness among the people and countries to save these social chirping birds, which are on the verge of extinction.
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