In today’s world there is so much information to go through and so many conflicting approaches; that we really get confused where and how to start. Sometimes the information we’ve thought have absorbed just does not stick.
There is always a faster way to extract what you need from any source of information and a more effective approach to learning and remembering.
Jagranjosh.com has come up with 10 useful memorising tips a student should keep in mind while studying and learning:
1. Explain the topic to yourself
Give imaginary lectures. This would help you a lot. Often when you give these lectures, you'll be unknowingly giving the important points and solidifying your memory of them in the deepest channels of your brain. If you can explain it well, there is no need for memorization
During your lectures too, there's a good chance you might think critically too; quite a useful thing in general.
2. Improve your encoding process
This is about your ability to understand the material you're reading, read for understanding. Some people find highlighting and underlining key concepts and relationships helpful but scientific evidence for that is not that strong, and you end up underlying/highlighting everything, which doesn’t work at all. Write a short summary of what you have just read; you may make some other comments in brief.
3. Improve your memory storage
You can improve it by creating multiple connections with your prior knowledge;if you imagine information you’re reading and learning being put in files, encoding is the process when you file those information in your 'filing system'; the better your filing system is, the easier it will be to find the piece of information you’restudying aftermultiple connections with what you have read earlier.
Prior knowledge= multiple tags=better encoding = easier to find
4. Practice retrieval
Use spaced repetition principles in a variety of ways, by not just simply recalling, but also being able to apply its theory to the practice. You can achieve this by solving problems, doing old exam questions, explaining material to others. If it's a non-fiction or fiction book and you've learnt a great tip, put it into practice, ideally within 1-2 days; then refresh your memory at 2-week and 2-month interval.
Remember the key, GTD - Getting things done, do it immediately and keep revising.
5.Diagrams and pictures
The visual part of your brain is very large - make diagrams and pictures - make multiple copies, put them in your room, next to your bed. Hand Draw or trace the diagram.
6. Teach what you learned
One of the most powerful memory techniques that people don’t tap into recalling is newly learned information by teaching it to someone else.
What’s the benefit of teaching it to others?
It helps you review, recall, and retain what you’ve learned in a much better way than just silently looking over the material.
How I can achieve it?
Get an audience: it can be a close friend or family member. And, if you are too shy to speak to anyone, pretend you have a couple of invisible students who really need to learn what you just covered!
7. Build a memory palace
A memory palace is a memory-boosting technique that dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. It’s called a palace because it represents a place or series of places that you can create in your mind to store information that you need to remember.
What’s the benefit of creating memory palace?
Your brain remembers information better when it’s told in a story format, and a big part of this technique is telling the story of where the information is located.
Here’s how you can start:
Stage 1: The first stage is the Sensory Memory. Whatever we experience for the first time passes through our sensory memory. While you are reading this article, there are certain activities going around you, the doorbell, the ringing of phone, chirping of birds etc. It will pass through your sensory memory, and will fade away (if not paid attention to).
Stage 2: In the second stage of memory, if you will pay attention to the information, it will move to the Short-term memory (STM). The information stays for 30-40 seconds in the STM.
Stage 3: In the Third stage of Memory, the information that can be retained for a longer duration is the long-term memory.
8. Schedule a workout for after your study session
Exercise is important to boost memory, but timing is the key. It has been found by Scientists that people who exercised for few hours after their study session retained the information better a few days later than those who didn’t exercise at all. Brain scans from the study show that exercising with a delay affects the hippocampus, an area of the brain that is important for learning and memory.
9. Chunking the information
We are able to remember 7 pieces of information at any given time. To really get the most out of your studies try to maximize the number 7 in everything you do. Chunking helps in this as it combines information so you have to remember less.
An example of Chunking is that if you try to remember the numbers 2 4 6 3 7 1 3 6 9 2 you will probably have a hard time since there are 10 numbers there. But, combining the numbers to look like 24 63 71 36 92 allows you remember them with more ease.
10. Good nutrition
If you are eating poorly, not getting enough sleep and drinking excessive alcohol not only is your body going to be sluggish, but as well as your brain. You must work to keep your brain healthy for it to go fast.
Having food rich in Vitamin-D, Omega-3 and reducing the intake of foods containing the damaging Omega-6 fats will make the brain healthy and would improve memory.
Jagranjosh.com will end up saying: “Science and technology revolutionize our lives, but memory, tradition and myth frame our response”.