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Careers in Aeronautical Engineering

May 23, 2018 13:12 IST

    If you were always fascinated with planes, aircrafts and spaceships as a child, a career in aeronautical engineering just might be your life’s calling. Aeronautical engineering is a popular career choice among students today. Read on to get the complete details about what career opportunities you can expect as an aeronautical engineer.

    What is Aeronautical Engineering?

    Aeronautical Engineering is the scientific study of design, techniques of operating aircrafts and manufacturing of flight machines. The objective of studying Aeronautical Engineering is to design, construct, analyse and test commercial aircrafts for their optimum performance. It is the job of Aerospace Engineers to carry out extensive research to design and produce high-ended aircraft, satellites, missiles and spacecraft equipment. Aeronautical Engineers are also responsible for the development of modern technologies for effective operation of commercial aviation, space exploration and defence systems. Aeronautical Engineering graduates have the knowledge of aerodynamics, aerospace materials, structures, propulsion, flight mechanics, and stability and control.

    Why Study Aeronautical Engineering?

    Over the last decade, the growth in space mission projects alongwith the need to develop new space equipment has made the field of Aeronautical Engineering demanding, and holds lucrative career opportunitiesfor Aerospace Engineers.

    Aeronautical Engineering provides all-round and in-depth training to students in areas such as development and manufacturing of missiles and aircrafts. There is a huge need of Aeronautical Engineers in the field of defence and space science who can design, test and contribute to the production of modern space equipment.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Aeronautical Engineering is a promising field and is regarded as one of the leading courses when it comes to engineering. The basic requirement for Aeronautical Engineering is a strong command over Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Any student who has passed class 12th exams in the science stream is eligible to apply for Aerospace Engineering courses.

    Top Courses in Aeronautical Engineering

    There are mainly 4 types of Aeronautical Engineering Courses in India:

    • Diploma Courses with a duration of 3 years after Class 10th and class 12th respectively
    • B.E./B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering with a duration of 4 years after class 12th
    • Post Graduate courses (M.E/M.Tech.) with a duration of 2 years after the completion of Undergraduate course in Aeronautical Engineering
    • Doctoral Degree courses leading to a PhD with aduration of 2 years or a variable duration after the completion of M.E. in Aeronautical Engineering

    Course / Level

    Course Duration

    Eligibility / Qualifying

    Diploma Courses

    3 years

    After Class 10 / Class 12

    B.E. / B.Tech

    4 years

    After Class 12

    M.E. / M.Tech

    2 years

    After Graduation

    Ph.D. Doctoral Degree

    2 years / variable

    After Masters

    Admission Process: Aeronautical Engineering

    In order to get admission in Undergraduate course like B.E./ B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering, students need to appear in JEE Main exam, whereas, for Post Graduate courses such as M.Tech, aspirants need to appear in the GATE exam.

    All NITs and IITs conduct the engineering programme in Aeronautical Engineering. There are also some other colleges and universities In India that offers courses in Aeronautical engineering.

    Besides the JEE Main exam for UG courses and GATE exam for PG courses some universities and institutes also conduct their own entrance examto provide admission to students.

    Top Aeronautical Engineering Colleges in India

    Some of the top Aeronautical Engineering colleges in India are

    • Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Bombay
    • Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Kharagpur
    • Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Madras
    • Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Kanpur
    • Manipal Institute of Technology
    • Anna University
    • PEC University of Technology

    Career Opportunities for Aeronautical Engineers

    Since Aeronautical Engineers have sound knowledge of aerospace materials, aerodynamics, flight mechanics and structure propulsion, they can easily find jobs in ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) and The Ministry of Defence. After doing Bachelors in Aeronautical Engineering, one can jobs with lucrative salary packages with reputed organizations such as National Aeronautical Laboratory, Civil Aviation Department, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and Defence Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO).

    Career prospects for Aeronautical Engineers are bright and promise a great future ahead. Other than India, Aerospace Engineers can find jobs in countries such as USA, France, UK, and Germany. There is a huge demand for Aerospace Engineers in private companies such as Airbus and prestigious research centres such as NASA.

    Career Opportunities

    Domestic

    NAL

    Civil Aviation Department

    ISRO

    Defence Ministry

    HAL – Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

    DRDO

    International

    Boeing

    AirBus

    NASA

    At the initial level, candidates start working as Junior Engineers or Engineering trainees. Depending upon theiroverall performance, experience, skill-set, academic background and aptitude, they are placed for training in the aircraft maintenance or support system. On successful completion of their training, they are promoted to positions of Assistant Technical Officers and Assistant Aircraft Engineers. To get further promotions, employees need to clear in-house departmental examinations. With experience, candidates can also reach executive positions and become Aerospace Consultants.

    There is a wide scope of employment opportunities for Aeronautical Engineers, provided they are passionate and hold the right skill-sets in regard to this field of study.

    Skills expected in an Aeronautical Engineer

    To become an Aeronautical Engineer, you must have: 

    • Manual, technical and mechanical aptitude
    • Normal color vision
    • Physical fitness
    • Passion for space-craft and aircraft equipment

    Employment Opportunities after Aeronautical Engineering

    The areas of employment in Aeronautical Engineering are varied and depend upon a candidate’s specialization and aptitude. Some of the key areas of employment sfterAeronautical Engineering are:

    • Space Research centres like NASA and ISRO
    • Aeronautical Development Establishments
    • Aeronautical Laboratories
    • Aircraft manufacturing companies
    • Airlines
    • Defence Research and Development Organizations
    • Defence services
    • Department of Civil Aviation
    • Flying clubs
    • Government owned air services
    • Private airlines

    Salary Packagesafter Aeronautical Engineering

    The average starting salary of an Aeronautical Engineer is around Rs.2.50 Lakhs per annum, which can scale up to Rs.50.00 Lakhs per annum depending upon a candidate’s experience, skill-set and talent and the organization that they join.

    Engineers who join the private sector are paid according to the pay scales decided by the management of the organization, which can vary from one company to another. However, in the government sector, Aeronautical Engineers are paid a fixed scale. For instance, Grade-A, Grade-B, Junior Engineers, and Assistant Engineers have a different pay scale format in the government sector.

    As far as career growth and development are concerned, aeronautical engineering is one of the top options in terms of Return on Investment. The stream offers a stable career, excellent remuneration and a future-proof career option for students. Want to explore other career options? Visit www.jagranjosh.com to get detailed information about a variety of career options and opportunities.

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