CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2021-2022 PDF (Released on 31st March)

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Full Syllabus for the academic session 2021-22 can be downloaded from here in PDF format.  This syllabus was released earlier in this academic session in the month of March. New and term-wise syllabus for the 2021-2022 session can also be downloaded from here.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2021-2022
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2021-2022

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2021-2022 (OLD) is available here. This syllabus was released by the board on 31st March 2021. This includes the full curriculum of Class 10 Social Science. This syllabus will not be followed in the Board Exam 2021-2022 as the board has released the term-wise syllabus that will be used to conduct the term1 and term 2 exams. However, the old syllabus can be used to check what changes have been made to this syllabus and how the chapters and topics have been divided for preparing the term-wise syllabus. 

Also Check CBSE Class 10 Revised Syllabus 2021-2022: New Syllabus for Term 1 & Term 2

Check Class 10 Social Science Old Syllabus 2021-2022 below:

Theory Paper

Time: 3 Hrs.

Max. Marks: 80




No. of Periods


India and the Contemporary World – II




Contemporary India – II




Democratic Politics - II




Understanding Economic Development






Also Check - CBSE Class 10 Social Science Complete & Best Study Material for 2021-2022

Career Counseling


Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II (60 Periods)


Learning Objectives

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe 

· The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation  · The Making of Nationalism in Europe

· The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848

· The Making of Germany and Italy

· Visualizing the Nation

· Nationalism and Imperialism

· Enable the learners to identify and comprehend the forms in which nationalism developed along with the formation of nation states in Europe in the post-1830 period. 

· Establish the relationship and bring out the difference between European nationalism and anticolonial nationalisms. 

· Understand the way the idea of nationalism emerged and led to the formation of nation states in Europe and elsewhere.

2. Nationalism in India 

· The First World War, Khilafat and Non-Cooperation 

· Differing Strands within the Movement

· Towards Civil Disobedience

· The Sense of Collective Belonging·



· Recognize the characteristics of Indian nationalism through a case study of Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement.

· Analyze the nature of the diverse social movements of the time.

· Familiarize with the writings and ideals of different political groups and individuals.

· Appreciate the ideas promoting Pan Indian belongingness.

Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies: Any one theme of the following:

3. The Making of a Global World 

· The Pre-modern world

· The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914)

· The Inter war Economy

· Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era

· Show that globalization has a long history and point to the shifts within the process.

· Analyze the implication of globalization for local economies.  

· Discuss how globalization is experienced differently by different social groups.



4. The Age of Industrialization

· Before the Industrial Revolution

· Hand Labour and Steam Power

· Industrialization in the colonies

· Factories Come Up

· The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth

· Market for Goods

· Familiarize with the Pro-to-Industrial phase and Early – factory system. 

· Familiarize with the process of industrialization and its impact on labour class. 

· Enable them to understand industrialization in the colonies with reference to Textile industries.


Section 3: Everyday Life, Culture and Politics

5. Print Culture and the Modern World 

· The First Printed Books

· Print Comes to Europe

· The Print Revolution and its Impact

· The Reading Mania

· The Nineteenth Century

· India and the World of Print

· Religious Reform and Public Debates

· New Forms of Publication

· Print and Censorship

· Identify the link between print culture and the circulation of ideas. 

· Familiarize with pictures, cartoons, extracts from propaganda literature and newspaper debates on important events and issues in the past. 

· Understand that forms of writing have a specific history, and that they reflect historical changes within society and shape the forces of change.




Unit 2: Contemporary India – II (55 Periods)


Learning Objectives

1. Resources and Development 

· Types of Resources 

· Development of Resources

· Resource Planning in India

· Land Resources

· Land Utilization

· Land Use Pattern in India

· Land Degradation and Conservation

· Measures  Soil as a Resource

· Classification of Soils

· Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation

· Understand the value of resources and the need for their judicious utilization and conservation.









2. Forest and Wildlife 

· Biodiversity or Biological Diversity

· Flora and Fauna in India

· Vanishing Forests

· Asiatic Cheetah: Where did they go?

· The Himalayan Yew in trouble

· Conservation of forest and wildlife in India 

· Project Tiger

· Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources 

· Community and Conservation

Note: The chapter ‘Forest and Wildlife’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

· Understand the importance of biodiversity with regard to flora and fauna in India. 

· Analyse the importance of conservation of forests and wildlife.










3. Water Resources 

· Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management 

· Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management 

· Rainwater Harvesting

Note: The theoretical aspect of chapter ‘Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination. However, the map items of this chapter as given in the Map List will be evaluated in Board Examination.

· Comprehend the importance of water as a resource as well as develop awareness towards its judicious use and conservation.








4. Agriculture 

· Types of farming

· Cropping Pattern

· Major Crops

· Technological and Institutional Reforms

·  Impact of Globalization on Agriculture

· Explain the importance of agriculture in national economy. 

· Identify various types of farming and discuss the various farming methods; describe the spatial distribution of major crops as well as understand the relationship between rainfall regimes and cropping pattern. 

· Explain various government policies for institutional as well as technological reforms since independence.

5. Minerals and Energy Resources 

· What is a mineral? 

· Mode of occurrence of Minerals

· Ferrons and Non-Ferrons Minerals

· Non-Metallic Minerals

· Rock Minerals

· Conservation of Minerals

· Energy Resources

o Conventional and Non-Conventional

o Conservation of Energy Resources

· Identify different types of minerals and energy resources and places of their availability 

· Feel the need for their judicious utilization







6. Manufacturing Industries 

· Importance of manufacturing

· Contribution of Industry to National

· Economy  Industrial Location

· Classification of Industries

· Spatial distribution

· Industrial pollution and environmental degradation 

· Control of Environmental Degradation

· Bring out the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities which resulted due to concentration of industries in some areas.

· Discuss the need for a planned industrial development and debate over the role of government towards sustainable development.



7. Life Lines of National Economy 

· Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways 

· Communication

· International Trade

· Tourism as a Trade

· Explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever-shrinking world.

· Understand the role of trade and tourism in the economic development of a country.


Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II (50 Periods)


Learning Objectives

1. Power Sharing

· Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka 

· Why power sharing is desirable?

· Forms of Power Sharing

· Familiarize with the centrality of power sharing in a democracy. 

· Understand the working of spatial and social power sharing mechanisms.

2. Federalism 

· What is Federalism?

· What make India a Federal Country?

· How is Federalism practiced?

· Decentralization in India

· Analyse federal provisions and institutions.

· Explain decentralization in rural and urban areas.



3. Democracy and Diversity 

· Case Studies of Mexico

· Differences, similarities and divisions

· Politics of social divisions

Note: The chapter ‘Democracy and Diversity’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

· Analyse the relationship between social cleavages and political competition with reference to Indian situation.





4. Gender, Religion and Caste 

· Gender and Politics 

· Religion, Communalism and Politics

· Caste and Politics


· Identify and analyse the challenges posed by

communalism to Indian democracy. 

· Recognise the enabling and disabling effects of caste and ethnicity in politics. 

· Develop a gender perspective on politics.

5. Popular Struggles and Movements 

· Popular Struggles in Nepal and Bolivia

· Mobilization and Organization

· Pressure Groups and Movements

Note: The chapter ‘Popular Struggles and Movements’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

· Understand the vital role of people’s struggle in the expansion of democracy.






6. Political Parties 

· Why do we need Political Parties?

· How many Parties should we have?

· National Political Parties

· State Parties

· Challenges to Political Parties

· How can Parties be reformed?

· Analyse party systems in democracies.

· Introduction to major political parties, challenges faced by them and reforms in the country.




7. Outcomes of Democracy 

· How do we assess democracy’outcomes?

· Accountable, responsive and legitimate government 

· Economic growth and development

· Reduction of inequality and poverty

· Accommodation of social diversity

· Dignity and freedom of the citizens

· Evaluate the functioning of democracies in comparison to alternative forms of governments.

· Understand the causes for continuation of democracy in India. 

· Distinguish between sources of strengths and weaknesses of Indian democracy.



8. Challenges to Democracy 

· Thinking about challenges

· Thinking about Political Reforms

· Redefining democracy

Note: The chapter ‘Challenges to Democracy’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

· Reflect on the different kinds of measures possible to deepen democracy.

· Promote an active and participatory citizenship.




Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development (50 Periods)



1. Development 

· What Development Promises - Different people different goals 

· Income and other goals

· National Development

· How to compare different countries or states? 

· Income and other criteria

· Public Facilities

· Sustainability of development

· Familiarize with concepts of macroeconomics. 

· Understand the rationale foroverall human development in our country, which includes the rise of income, improvements in health and education rather than income. 

· Understand the importance of quality of life and sustainable development.


2. Sectors of the Indian Economy 

· Sectors of Economic Activities

· Comparing the three sectors

· Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India 

· Division of sectors as organized and unorganized 

· Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors

· Identify major employment generating sectors. 

· Reason out the government investment in different sectors of economy.




3. Money and Credit 

· Money as a medium of exchange

· Modern forms of money

· Loan activities of Banks

· Two different credit situations

· Terms of credit

· Formal sector credit in India

· Self Help Groups for the Poor

· Understand money as an economic concept.

· Understand the role of financial institutions from the point of view of day-to- day life.





4. Globalization and the Indian Economy

· Production across countries

· Interlinking production across countries

· Foreign Trade and integration of markets 

· What is globalization?

· Factors that have enabled Globalisation 

· World Trade Organisation

· Impact of Globalization on India

· The Struggle for a fair Globalisation

· Explain the working of the Global Economic phenomenon






5. Consumer Rights

Note: Chapter 5 ‘Consumer Rights’ to be done as Project Work

· Gets familiarized with the rights and duties as a consumer; and legal measures available to protect from being exploited in markets.


(05 Periods) (05 Marks)

1.Every student has to compulsorily undertake any one project on the following topics:

Consumer Awareness


Social Issues


Sustainable Development

2.Objective: The overall objective of the project work is to help students gain an insight and pragmatic understanding of the theme and see all the Social Social Science disciplines from interdisciplinary perspective. It should also help in enhancing the Life Skills of the students.

Students are expected to apply the Social Social Science concepts that they have learnt over the years in order to prepare the project report.

If required, students may go out for collecting data and use different primary and secondary resources to prepare the project. If possible, different forms of art may be integrated in the project work.

3.The distribution of marks over different aspects relating to Project Work is as follows:

S. No.




Content accuracy, originality and analysis



Presentation and creativity



Viva Voce


4.The projects carried out by the students in different topics should subsequently be shared among themselves through interactive sessions such as exhibitions, panel discussions, etc.

5.All documents pertaining to assessment under this activity should be meticulously maintained by concerned schools.

6.A Summary Report should be prepared highlighting: 

→ objectives realized through individual work and group interactions;

→ calendar of activities;

→ innovative ideas generated in the process ;

→ list of questions asked in viva voce.

7.It is to be noted here by all the teachers and students that the projects and models prepared should be made from eco-friendly products without incurring too much expenditure.

8.The Project Report should be handwritten by the students themselves.

9.Records pertaining to projects (internal assessment) of the students will be maintained for a period of three months from the date of declaration of result for verification at the discretion of Board. Subjudiced cases, if any or those involving RTI / Grievances may however be retained beyond three months.


1.India and the Contemporary World-II (History) - Published by NCERT

2.Contemporary India II (Geography) - Published by NCERT

3.Democratic Politics II (Political Social Science) - Published by NCERT

4.Understanding Economic Development - Published by NCERT

5.Together Towards a Safer India - Part III, a textbook on Disaster Management - Published by CBSE

6.Learning Outcomes at the Secondary Stage - Published by NCERT

Note: Please procure latest reprinted edition of prescribed NCERT textbooks.



CLASS X (2021-22)

Note: Teachers may refer ‘Learning Outcomes’ published by NCERT for developing Lesson Plans, Assessment Framework and Questions.

*02 Items from History Map List and 04 from Geography Map List

Internal Assessment: 20 Marks

Components of Internal Assessment:


CLASS X (2021-22)

1. HISTORY (Outline Political Map of India)

Chapter - 3 Nationalism in India – (1918 – 1930) for Locating and Labelling / Identification

1.Indian National Congress Sessions:

a.Calcutta (Sep. 1920)

b.Nagpur (Dec. 1920)

c.Madras (1927)

2.Important Centres of Indian National Movement

a.Champaran (Bihar) - Movement of Indigo Planters

b.Kheda (Gujarat) - Peasant Satyagrah

c.Ahmedabad (Gujarat) - Cotton Mill Workers Satyagraha

d.Amritsar (Punjab) - Jallianwala Bagh Incident

e.Chauri Chaura (U.P.) - Calling off the Non-Cooperation Movement

f.Dandi (Gujarat) - Civil Disobedience Movement

2. GEOGRAPHY (Outline Political Map of India)

Chapter 1: Resources and Development (Identification only)

a.Major soil Types

Chapter 3: Water Resources (Locating and Labelling)


a.Salal b. Bhakra Nangal c. Tehri d. Rana Pratap Sagar e. Sardar Sarovar f. Hirakud g. Nagarjuna Sagar h. Tungabhadra

Note: The theoretical aspect of chapter ‘Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination. However, the map items of this chapter as listed above will be evaluated in Board Examination.

Chapter 4: Agriculture (Identification only)

a.Major areas of Rice and Wheat

b.Largest / Major producer states of Sugarcane, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute

Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources Minerals (Identification only)

a.Iron Ore mines 

· Mayurbhanj

· Durg· Bailadila

·  Bellary

·  Kudremukh

b.Coal Mines 

· Raniganj· Bokaro· Talcher·  Neyveli

c.Oil Fields 

· Digboi· Naharkatia· Mumbai High·  Bassien·  Kalol·  Ankaleshwar

Power Plants (Locating and Labelling only)


· Namrup· Singrauli· Ramagundam


· Narora· Kakrapara· Tarapur·  Kalpakkam

Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries (Locating and Labelling Only)

Cotton Textile Industries:

a.Mumbai b. Indore c. Surat d. Kanpur e. Coimbatore

Iron and Steel Plants:

a.Durgapur b. Bokaro c. Jamshedpur d. Bhilai e. Vijaynagar f. Salem

Software Technology Parks:

a.Noida b. Gandhinagar c. Mumbai d. Pune e. Hyderabad f. Bengaluru g. Chennai h. Thiruvananthapuram

Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy

Major Ports: (Locating and Labelling)

a.Kandla b. Mumbai c. Marmagao d. New Mangalore e. Kochi f. Tuticorin g. Chennai h. Vishakhapatnam i. Paradip j. Haldia

International Airports:

a.Amritsar (Raja Sansi) b. Delhi (Indira Gandhi International) c. Mumbai (Chhatrapati Shivaji) d. Chennai (Meenam Bakkam) e. Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose) f. Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi)

Note: Items of Locating and Labelling may also be given for Identification.

Download the CBSE Class 10 Social Social Science Syllabus 2021-2022 in PDF


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